Ibimenyetso byakwereka ko umuntu yasazwe n’agahinda gakabije gashobora kuvamo kwiyahura

Yanditswe na Ndayikunda Josué
Kuya 9 Mutarama 2020 saa 10:44
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Mu buzima bwa muntu kubabara si ikintu gishya cyangwa gitangaje kuko biri mu bimugize. Hari ibyo ashobora kunyuramo rimwe na rimwe ntabyihanganire bigatuma imbamutima ze zizamuka bikamutera kubabara.

Kugira agahinda gakabije ni urwego ruri hejuru y’umubabaro kuko agahinda gakabije ko kamara igihe kinini ugereranyine n’umubabaro usanzwe abantu bagira.

Kugira agahinda gakabije ariko bifitanye isano n’imiterera ya muntu n’uburyo yakira ibimubayeho bigoye. Si igitangaza ko hari umuntu uzirukanwa ku kazi kubera impamvu runaka akabirwara nk’ibyumweru bibiri afite agahinda, hakaba n’undi uzavuga ati “nta kundi n’i Nyagasambu rirarema” ubuzima bugakomeza.

Agahinda gakabije ni iki?

Agahinda gasaze ni indwara yo mu mutwe ituma imitekerereze ya muntu ihinduka ikarangwa n’umubabaro umara igihe kitari gito. Ibi bishobora guterwa n’imihindagurikire y’imibereho umuntu ashobora guhura nayo nko gupfusha, gutandukana n’umukunzi, ibibazo byo mu miryango n’ibindi bikora ku ndiba y’amarangamutima.
N’ubwo hari abagera muri iki gihe bakiyumanganya kuburyo utapfa kurabukwa ibyo bari guhura nabyo mu buzima, niwitegereza neza ukumva n’imvugo zabo uzasanga umuntu ufite agahinda gakabije arangwa n’ibimenyetso bikurukira:

Gutakaza icyizere cyo kubaho ukanga ubuzima

Prof. Sezibera Vincent, umwarimu muri kaminuza y’u Rwanda mu Ishami ry’Ubuzima n’Ubuvuzi, yabwiye IGIHE ko umuntu ufite agahinda gakabije arangwa no guhora avuga ko kubaho ntacyo bimaze birutwa no gupfa.

Ati “Mu mvugo ushobora kumva iziganisha ku kwiheba no guta icyizere. Akenshi umuntu aba agaragaza ko ubuzima ntacyo bumaze, ko ejo hazaza nta cyizere hamuha. Ikindi ni ukumva ibitekerezo by’umuntu biganisha ku kuvuga ko gupfa bimurutira kubaho.”

Prof. Sezibera akomeza avuga ko uko iminsi ishira ugenda wumva umuntu ashyiraho n’uburyo bwamufasha kubura ubuzima.

Kumva nta kintu kikigushishikaza ukazinukwa

Agahinda gakabije gashobora kuguhuza ibyo wakundaga biguha ibyishimo nko gukora siporo, gusohokana n’inshuti zawe no gusabana wagiraga kukagabanuka.

Prof. Sezibera avuga ko ku mukobwa usanga uburyo yiyitagaho bihinduka, akaba yasohoka atisize amavuta nkuko yabikoraga, imyambarire n’uko agaragara mu bandi ugasanga ntacyo bikimubwiye. Umuhungu byabayeho nawe ngo usanga bimwe byo kuba yakwambara neza bishira.

Ku muntu ufite akazi atangira gukererwa, ndetse yaba yagiraga ibakwe rikagabanuka agatangira no kujya asiba akazi nta mpamvu. Ikindi kandi ni uko ubushake bwo gukora imibonano mpuzabitsina ku bashakanye bugabanuka kuburyo bishobora kuviramo umuntu kuba ikiremba.

Umunaniro udashira no guhorana ibitotsi

Imwe mu mpamvu ishobora gutera umuntu guhagarika ibyo yakoraga kandi yarabikunze ni ukuba yumva ananiwe cyane. Agahinda gakabije gashobora kurangwa n’uko umuntu ahorana umunaniro ndetse akumva atentebutse, bikamutera guhorana ibitotsi bya buri gihe.

Kugira ubwoba

Umuntu wese ashobora kugira ubwoba nko mu gihe agiye gukora ikizami cy’akazi cyangwa agiye guhura n’uwo yihebeye. Rimwe na rimwe kandi hari igihe ubwoba bufasha umuntu kuba yakwitekerezaho bukamutera gufata n’ingamba z’umumaro.

Iyo umuntu amaranye ubwoba igihe kirenze ibyumweru bibiri ntibiba bikiri ibisanzwe kuko biba byageze ku rundi rwego. Ibi bituma umuntu yahumeka insigane, akagira guhangayika gukomeye, gututubikana kwa hato na hato no guhora utekereza ko hari ikintu kidasanzwe kigiye kukubaho.

Umujinya udasanzwe ku bagabo

Agahinda gakabije kibasira abagabo n’abagore ariko ku buryo butandukanye. Ubushakashatsi bugaragaza ko abagabo bafite agahinda gakabije bakunze kugira umujinya udasanzwe, imyitwarire iteye inkeke, kunywa ibiyobyabwenge no kugira uburakari batabasha kugenzura.

Imihindagurikire mu bushake bwo gufata amafunguro no kwiyongera cyangwa kugabanuka kw’ibiro

Ingano y’ibiro n’ubushake bwo gufata amafunguro bishobora kukwereka ko umuntu afite agahinda gakabije n’ubwo bishobora kugaragara mu buryo butandukanye. Hari abantu ubushake bwo kurya buziyongera cyane bityo ibiro nabyo bikaba byinshi, mu gihe hari abazumva gufata amafunguro ntacyo bikibamariye ari nabyo bituma batakaza ibiro.

Kugira amarangamutima utabasha kugenzura

Iyo umuntu afite agahinda gakabije, ntaba akibasha kugenzura amarangamutima ye. Mu kanya gato ushobora kumubona afite umujinya mwinshi, ubundi ukamubona arimo kurira nyamara nta ruhare yabigizemo.

Amarangamutima y’umuntu wahuye n’ikibazo cyo kugira agahinda gakabije ahora ahindagurika, uko umubonye mu minota mike ishize siko uza ku mubona mu masaha ari imbere.

Kwifuza urupfu

Kumva urupfu ruruta kubaho ni kimwe mu bimenyetso by’agahinda gakabije, ibi bikajyana no gushaka kwiyahura. Umuntu ajya kwiyahura ageze ku cyiciro cya kane nyuma y’ibindi bitatu aba yanyuzemo abantu ntibabibone cyangwa ntibabyiteho.

Imibare y’Ishami ry’Umuryango w’Abibumbye ryita ku buzima (OMS) igaragaza ko 60% y’abagerageza kwiyahura baba bafite agahinda gakabije, naho 90% baba bafite imwe mu ndwara zo mu mutwe.

Prof. Sezibera avuga ko iyo umuntu yamenye icyamubabaje bimufasha kumenya uko yakwiyitaho. Akomeza avuga ko iyo waganiriye n’abantu bakakugaragariza ko bakumvishe kandi bafatanyije nawe mu byakubayeho hari icyo bigufasah mu marangamutima.

Yongeraho ko iyo ubona agahinda kagusaze kandi kakurushije imbaraga usanga ababifitiye ubunararibonye babyigiye nk’abafasha mu by’imyumvire, kuko ngo uko wakwivuza malaria ari nako wakwivuza agahinda gakabije.

At “ubuzima bwo mu mutwe hari ukuntu babutekereza, hari n’abumva ko umuntu ugiye gushaka ubufasha ari igisebo, abandi bakavuga ngo kujya gusaba ubufasha kubera agahinda ari ukwigira umwana n’ubutesi ngo ntawe agahinda kishe.”

Polisi y’u Rwanda yatangaje ko abantu 121 bapfuye biyahuye mu mezi icyenda ya 2019, mu gihe ababigerageje bose hamwe ari 205. OMS ivuga ko abantu miliyoni imwe buri mwaka biyahura ku isi, bivuze ko buri masegonda 40 umuntu aba yiyahuye.


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