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Ibigwi by’abakandida batatu bemerewe kwiyamamariza kuyobora u Rwanda

Yanditswe na Ntabareshya Jean de Dieu, Ferdinand Maniraguha
Kuya 7 June 2024 saa 08:05
Yasuwe :

Komisiyo y’amatora (NEC) yatangaje urutonde rw’agateganyo rw’abemerewe kwiyamamaza ku mwanya w’umukuru w’igihugu, mu matora azaba tariki 14 na 15 Nyakanga 2024.

Abakandida batatu nibo bemerewe nyuma yo kuzuza ibisabwa na Komisiyo y’Amatora barimo Paul Kagame watanzwe n’Umuryango FPR Inkotanyi, Frank Habineza w’Ishyaka Democratic Green Party of Rwanda na Mpayimana Philippe wiyamamaje nk’umukandida wigenga.

Si ubwa mbere bahuriye ku rutonde rw’abemerewe na Komisiyo y’Amatora kuko no mu 2017 nibo bujuje ibisabwa.

IGIHE yakusanyije bimwe mu bigwi by’abemerewe:

Paul Kagame

Paul Kagame wa FPR Inkotanyi ubwo yashyikirizaga NEC ibisabwa

Paul Kagame w’ishyaka FPR Inkotanyi yavutse tariki 23 Ukwakira 1957, avukira ku musozi wa Nyarutovu muri Tambwe, mu Ruhango.

Amashuri abanza yayigiye muri Rwengoro Primary School muri Uganda, ayisumbuye ayiga muri Ntare School na Old Kampala Senior Secondary School.

Mu myaka ya 1980 Paul Kagame yagiye kwiga ibijyanye n’ubutasi muri Tanzania, ahava ajya mu nyeshyamba za NRA zaharaniraga kubohora Uganda.

Mu 1979 ubwo yari afite imyaka 22, yifatanyije n’inyeshyamba ziyobowe na Yoweri Kaguta Museveni zari zikambitse muri Tanzania, batangiza urugamba rwahanganye na Idi Amini Dda, Milton Obote, na Tito Okelo, bahirika ubutegetsi muri Uganda, bayinjiza mu mpinduramatwara nshya.

Major Kagame Paul yabaye umwe mu basirikare bakomeye muri Uganda, azwi cyane mu rwego rw’ubutasi n’iperereza. Mu mwaka wa 1989, Kagame yashakanye na Jeannette Nyiramongi, ubu bafitanye abana bane.

Ubwo hashingwaga RPF mu 1987, Paul Kagame ni umwe mu bari abayobozi b’igisirikare cyayo cyizwi nka RPA.

Paul Kagame yayoboye urugamba rwo kubohora igihugu nyuma gato y’urupfu rwa Maj Gen Gisa Fred Rwigema, aruyobora kuva mu 1990 kugeza muri Nyakanga 1994 ubwo u Rwanda rwabohorwaga.

Yabaye Visi Perezida na Minisitiri w’Ingabo muri Guverinoma y’Ubumwe, kugeza tariki 22 Mata 2000 ubwo yarahiriraga kuba Perezida w’u Rwanda w’inzibacyuho.

Tariki 25 Kanama 2003, Paul Kagame yatsinze amatora ya mbere u Rwanda rwari rukoze nyuma ya Jenoside yakorewe Abatutsi. Yongeye kwiyamamaza anatsinda amatora mu 2010 no mu 2017.

Habineza Frank

Frank Habineza wa Green Party ubwo yashyikirizaga NEC ibyangombwa

Habineza Frank ni umukandida w’ishyaka Democratic Green Party of Rwanda. Yavukiye i Mityana muri Uganda mu 1977 ku babyeyi b’Abanyarwanda bari impunzi.

Muri Uganda ni naho yigiye amashuri abanza ayasoza mu mwaka wa 1991, naho ayisumbuiye ayasoza mu mwaka wa 1998.

Mu 1999 yagiye muri Kaminuza y’u Rwanda i Butare, ahava muri 2004 arangije mu ishami ry’Ubumenyi mu by’imiyoborere na politiki (Political and Administrative Sciences).

Nyuma yaho Habineza yakomeje amasomo y’inyongera muri Suède no muri Afurika y’Epfo.

Ibyo kurwana ku busugire bw’ibidukikje yabitangiye ubwo yigaga muri Kaminuza y’u Rwanda (UNR) ubwo yatangizaga ihuriro riharanira kubungabunga ibidukikije yise “Rwanda Wildlife Clubs”.

Akirangiza Kaminuza i Butare mu mwaka w’amashuri wa 2005- 2006, Inama y’Abaminisitiri yamugize Umujyanama wihariye wa Minisitiri w’Ubutaka, Ibidukikije, Amazi, Amashyamba na Mine (Personal Assistant to the Minister of Lands, Environment, Water, Forestry and Mines).

Kuva mu mwaka 2006- 2009, Dr Frank Habineza yagizwe Umuyobozi w’Umushinga wo kubungabunga uruzi rwa Nili, ukorera mu bihugu 10 Nil igeraho, ugahuriza hamwe ibigo 50 byo hirya no hino bifite mu nshingano kurubungabunga.

Mbere yo kujya muri Kaminuza, Frank Habineza yabaye umunyamakuru mu gihe cy’imyaka ine.

Mu 2009 nibwo Dr Frank Habineza yahagaritse imirimo ye yindi yinjira mu bikorwa bya politiki, afatanyije n’abandi bake, ashinga Ishyaka Riharanira Demokarasi no Kurengera ibidukikije. Icyo gihe ntiyabashije kuryandikisha ngo yitabire amatora y’Umukuru w’igihugu nk’uko yari yarabitangaje.

Mu 2010 yavuye mu Rwanda ajya gutura muri Suède hamwe n’umuryango we (umugore n’abana batatu), ahabonera igikombe cya Demokarasi mu mwaka wa 2011.

Mu 2012 yagarutse mu Rwanda kwandikisha ishyaka rye ngo ribashe kwitabira amatora y’abadepite ariko ntibyashobotse ko bayitabira, kuko Ishyaka ryanditswe iminsi yo kuyajyamo yarengeranye.

Muri Werurwe 2013, Frank Habineza yahawe impamyabumenyi y’ikirenga y’icyubahiro kubw’uruhare rwe mu guharanira demokarasi, ayihabwa na Bethel College yo muri Indiana ho muri Leta Zunze Ubumwe za Amerika.

Undi mukandida wemewe by’agateganyo ni Dr Habineza Frank watanze kandidatire ye ku wa 20 Gicurasi 2024.

Icyo gihe yayitanze ituzuye kuko yaburaga ibyangombwa bibiri nubwo yaje kubyuzuza ku wa 21 Gicurasi 2024.

Mpayimana Philippe

Mpayimana ubwo yatangaga ibyangombwa bisabwa

Philippe Mpayimana na we si ubwa mbere agiye kwiyamamaza kuko mu matora aheruka yiyamamaje nk’umukandida wigenga agira amajwi 0,73%. Nyuma yo gitsindwa yashatse no kwinjira mu Nteko ishinga Amategeko muri 2018 ariko nabwo ntiyahirwa n’urugendo.

Mpayimana yavukiye mu Karere ka Nyaruguru mu 1970 mu yahoze ari Gikongoro icyakora yabyirukiye mu karere ka Bugesera.

Mpayimana yize amashuri yisumbuye mu Rwunge rw’amashuri i Save, akomereza muri Kaminuza y’u Rwanda i Nyakinama.

Mu 1994 yahungiye muri Zaire ariyo Repubulika Iharanira Demokarasi ya Congo. Yabaye umunyamakuru kuri radiyo y’impunzi yitwaga ‘Agatashya’ nyuma ajya mu Bufaransa.

Yaje kwiga ibijyanye n’Itangazamakuru mu Bufaransa ndetse yanaminuje mu bijyanye n’indimi n’isesengura ryazo, ubumenyi yakuye muri Cameroun.

Yagarutse mu Rwanda mbere y’amatora ya Perezida mu 2017. Kuri iyi nshuro Kandidatire ye yatitanze ku wa 30 Gicurasi 2024 nk’umukandida wigenga.


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