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Ikoreshwa ry’ibicanwa bigezweho kandi bitangiza ikirere rihanzwe amaso mu kubungabunga ibidukikije

Yanditswe na Ntabareshya Jean de Dieu
Kuya 26 Nzeri 2021 saa 10:07
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Guverinoma y’u Rwanda yahagurukiye gahunda yo kubungabunga ibidukikije nk’imwe mu nzira yo gutura aheza kandi buri wese afite amahirwe yo kubaho nta nkomyi.

Mu kubigeraho u Rwanda rwihaye intego yo kuba rwagabanyije ikoreshwa ry’inkwi, amakara n’ibindi bicanwa bikomoka ku bimera nka bimwe mu byangiza ibidukikije bikanatanga umwuka uhumanya ikirere, rukava ku kigero cya 79.9% rwariho mu 2018 rukagera kuri 42% mu mwaka wa 2024.

Aho ni ho benshi batangiye kuzamukira bakora uko bashoboye kugira ngo Abanyarwanda boroherwe n’uburyo bwo gutegura amafunguro ariko hanabungwabungwa ibidukikije.

Mu gihe benshi babonaga ibarizo (imyanda yavanwe mu mbaho) nta wundi mumaro waryo, hari abatekereje uburyo bwo kuryongerera agaciro rikabyara ibicanwa (briquettes) kandi bitangiza ibidukikije.

Umushoramari ufite uruganda rutunganya izo briquettes ku buryo zikoreshwa mu guteka amafunguro kandi mu buryo butangiza ibidukikije rwa OAK Investment Ltd ruherereye mu mujyi wa Kigali, mu murenge wa Mageragere, Munyarubuga Javan, yabwiye IGIHE ko yagize icyo gitekerezo ashaka kubungabunga ibidukikije no kongerera agaciro ibarizo ryafatwaga nk’umwanda muri rubanda.

Yagize ati “Urabona ko iri barizo ryitwaga umwanda nta gaciro ryongerwaga, twagize igitekerezo ko twaryongeramo agaciro tukaribyaza ibicanwa kandi birengera ibidukikije. Twagize igitekerezo, turavuga ngo iki bitaga umwanda, tucyongerere agaciro, tubone amakara kandi tukarengera ibidukikije. Bya biti byatemwaga biteze bigakura, noneho ibyo byeze bikajya mu ibarizo, tukabona ibyo dukoramo aya makara.”

Yavuze ko gushora imari muri ibi bikorwa byo guharanira kubungabunga ibidukikije biri muri gahunda yo gushyigikira gahunda ya Leta yo kubungabunga urusobe rw’ibinyabuzima.

Yavuze ko kugira ngo babone ibarizo ryo gutunganyamo ibyo bicanwa bakorana na koperative z’ababaji ya Adarwa ikorera mu Gakiriro ka Gisozi kandi ko hari gahunda yo kwagura bagakorana n’izindi koperative y’ababaji hirya no hino mu gihugu.

Mu rwego rwo gukoresha ibi bicanwa bigezehwo, hari n’imbabura na zo zigezweho mu buryo zakifashishwa mu gutunganya amafunguro kandi mu buryo butangiza ibidukikije ariko n’ukoresha imbabura zisanzwe ashobora gukoresha briquettes.

Abakoresha izi briquettes mu guteka bavuga ko bitanga umusaruro kandi ko ari n’uburyo butekanye kuko burinda impanuka za hato na hato zishobora guterwa n’umuriro wo gutekesha amafunguro nk’uko Nyirambarushimana Illuminée yabigarutseho.

Ati "Bitandukanye no gucana inkwi kuko ncana briquettes nkitemberera cyangwa se ngakomeza ngakora ibindi. Nta myotsi bisohora kandi ubona ko nta kibazo biteje. Mbona nta cyiza cyo gukoresha inkwi kuko ari ukwangiza ibidukikije kandi no kuzikoresha biragora. Iyo ucanye kuri iyi mbabura nta muriro usohoka ku buryo wateza impanuka."

U Rwanda rwihaye intego ko kugeza mu 2030 ruzaba rwagabanyije imyuka ihumanye yoherezwa mu kirere ku gipimo cya 38% nk’uko bigaragara muri Gahunda y’Igihugu yo kugabanya Imyuka ihumanye yoherezwa mu Kirere (Nationally Determined Contributions, NDC).

Raporo ya Minisiteri y’Ibidukikije yo mu 2018 yerekana ko 83% by’abatuye mu Rwanda bakoresha inkwi mu guteka, abandi 15% bagateka bakoresheje amakara, mu gihe 2% bakoresha briquettes. Hifuzwa ko mu 2024 abakoresha ibicanwa bikomoka ku bimera bifatwa nk’ibyangiza ibidukikije bazaba bangana na 42%.

Amabarizo yabonye icyashara mu mushinga wo kubungabunga ibidukikije
Briquettes zifashishwa mu guteka kandi ntizisohora imyotsi ihumanya ikirere
Uru ruganda rufite ubushobozi bwo gutunganya toni hagati ya 30 na 40 ku munsi
Ibarizo ryavuye ku mbaho niryo rikoreshwa mu gutunganya ibicanwa
Abakoresha briquettes mu gutunganya amafunguro bavuga ko zitangiza ikirere

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