Ubwiyongere bw’inzu zigezweho ku butaka bwahingwagaho bukwiye gutuma dutekereza ahazaza

Yanditswe na Merard Mpabwanamaguru
Kuya 11 Mutarama 2019 saa 02:47
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Uko abantu biyongera, ubutaka bwo ntibwiyongera ahubwo burushaho gukoreshwa cyane kugira ngo bubatunge.

Ubusanzwe ubutaka buri mu murage rusange w’imbaga y’Abantu bose; abakurambere, abariho ubu ndetse n’abazavuka mu gihe kiri imbere.

Abantu bahamya ko ibiri ku butaka, munsi yabwo no mu kirere cyabwo byaba bihari ku bwa kamere cyangwa byarahashyizwe n’abantu nabyo bibarwa mu mutungo w’ubutaka.

Abaturage b’u Rwanda bavuye kuri Miliyoni 4.8 mu 1978, bagera kuri miliyoni 10.5 mu 2012 kandi biteganyikwe ko bazaba bageze kuri miliyoni 16.3 mu 2032 na Miliyoni 22.1 mu mwaka wa 2050.

Ubu bwiyongere bw’abatuye igihugu cyacu bwagiye bugira impinduka ku mikoreshereze n’imicungire y’ubutaka, aho ubutaka butabyazwaga umusaruro bwatangiye gukoreshwa, ubwakoreshwaga butangira guhindurirwa icyo bwakoreshwaga, ndetse bikorwa mu kajagari, ahahingwaga hatangira kubakwa.

Byatumye kandi ibidukikije byari mu mutungo ukomye (amashyamba n’ibishanga) bitangira kuvogerwa.

Kuko ubutaka ari n’umurage w’abazavuka mu gihe kizaza, Leta y’u Rwanda yashyizeho politiki n’amategeko bihamye mu gukoresha no gucunga neza ubutaka.
Hagenwe uburyo bugomba gukoreshwa hakorwa ibishushanyombonera, habungwabungwa ibidukikije mu rwego rwo guhangana n’ihindagurika ry’ikirere.

Iyo uzengurutse muri Kigali ndetse ukanasohoka hanze yayo mu yindi mijyi y’igihugu, ariko cyane cyane mu turere twegereye Kigali, ubona imisozi yahingwagaho kandi yeraga cyane ndetse n’iyari iriho amashyamba yubatseho inzu nini cyane kandi nziza, zihenze kandi ugasanga zimwe ziri ahahanamye hatanagera ibikorwa remezo.

Ibi bamwe barabyishimira bakarata aho batuye bavuga ko hamaze kuba umujyi, kandi byagakwiye kubatera gutekereza ejo hazaza heza n’ubukungu burambye by’igihugu cyacu.

Ese abaturage ko biyongera n’inyubako zikiyongera mu buryo busandaye ku butaka buto bw’igihugu, aho amaherezo umutungo kamere n’ubuhinzi ntibizakendera ndetse bikaba byanateza ibibazo igihugu cyacu?

Abenshi bubaka inzu zo guturamo, bazubaka mu mafaranga y’inguzanyo yewe ntizinarangire kandi ugasanga harimo n’ibyumba by’inyubako bashobora kumara n’amezi atatu cyangwa atandatu badakoresha.

Kubera ko ubutaka dukoresha uyu munsi ari umutungo n’abazadukomokaho bazakoresha, muri iyi nkuru ngufi ndashaka kugira abasomyi inama zikurikira:

Icya mbere ni ugusobanukirwa ko ubutaka bwose bw’igihugu atari ubwo kubakwaho; kuko hari n’ibindi bikorwa biba bikenewe (Ibikorwa remezo, Ubuhinzi n’ubworozi, Amashyamba, urusobe rw’ibinyabuzima, Amarimbi, imyidagaduro, n’ibindi).

Bagomba gusobanukirwa no kubahiriza ibishushanyombonera by’imikoreshereze y’ubutaka, hibandwa ku kubyaza umusaruro mwinshi ubuso buto no gukorera ingendoshuri ahatandukanye hagiye hubakwa imidugudu y’icyitegererezo kugira ngo bidufashe kumenya kubaka inzu ziberanye n’imiryango yacu hashingiwe ku bukungu.

Bityo igiciro n’ubuso byakoreshwaga mu kubaka inzu nini ifite n’ibyumba bidakoreshwa hubakwe inzu igendanye n’igihe kandi icumbikira imiryango myinshi.

Hari kandi gusobanukirwa ko ubutaka bugenwa n’ibishushanyo mbonera ko ari ubwo guturaho, atari ubwo guhita bukatakatwa ibibanza bwose ngo buturweho, ahubwo ko bikorerwa igenamigambi bitewe n’ubukungu ndetse n’uko abaturage bagenda biyongera.

Merard Mpabwanamaguru, Impuguke ku mikoreshereze y’ubutaka n’Iterambere akaba n'Umwarimu wa Kaminuza

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