U Rwanda rukeneye asaga miliyari 11$ azifashishwa mu guhangana n’imihindagurikire y’ibihe

Yanditswe na Ishimwe Deborah
Kuya 10 Ugushyingo 2020 saa 07:52
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U Rwanda rukeneye arenga miliyari 11$ azifashishwa mu bikorwa byo kurwanya imihindagurikire y’ibihe muri gahunda ya “Nationally Determined Contributions” (NDC), gahunda igihugu kiyemeje mu kurwanya imihindagurikire y’ibihe hagenewe ku biteganywa n’amasezerano ya Paris yerekeye Imihindagurikire y’Ibihe.

Muri iyi nyandiko (NDC) yashyikirijwe Ubunyamabanga bw’Amasezerano y’Umuryango w’Abibumbye yo kurwanya imihindagurikire y’ibihe (UNFCCC) muri Gicurasi uyu mwaka, Leta y’u Rwanda yiyemeje kugabanya imyuka yangiza ikirere bitarenze umwaka wa 2030 ku kigero cya 38%, ni ukuvuga kugabanya toni miliyoni 4.6 z’imyuka yangiza ikirere.

Muri miliyari 11 z’amadolari zizakenewa mu gushyira mu bikorwa ibyo u Rwanda rwiyemeje, miliyari 5.7 $ azakoreshwa mu bikorwa byo kugabanya imihindagurikire y’ibihe naho miliyari 5.3 $ zijye mu byo guhangana n’ingaruka z’imihindagurikire y’ibihe. Aya mafaranga akenewe yose biteganijwe ko azaturuka mu bushobozi igihugu gisanganywe andi akava mu nkunga zo hanze.

Muri iyi gahunda yo kugabanya imyuka yoherezwa mu kirere hazibandwa ku bijyanye no guhangana n’ingaruka z’imihindagurikire y’ibihe (adaptation) ndetse no kubaka ubudahangarwa bizakorwa mu buryo bunyuranye harimo nko kubungabunga amazi, ubuhinzi, ubutaka, amashyamba, imiturire, ubuzima, ubwikorezi no gutwara abantu ndetse no mu bucukuzi bw’amabuye y’agaciro.

Muri ibyo bikorwa harimo ibyo mu rwego rw’ingufu bizibanda cyane ku bigabanya ibyago bishobora guterwa n’mihindagurikire y’ibihe, bikazakorwa hongerwa ingomero z’amazi, ibikoresho bikoresha imirasire y’izuba n’ibindi.

Hazanashyirwaho uburyo bwo kugabanya ibicanwa mu nganda ndetse hatezwe imbere amashyiga ya rondereza ku kigero cya 80% mu cyaro na 50% mu mijyi. Hazanagabanywa imashini zikoresha amazutu na peteroli ndetse hashyirweho igipimo ntarengwa cy’imyuka igomba gusohoka.

Minisiteri y’Ibidukikije ari nayo ifite mu nshingano ibijyanye no gukurikirana iyubahirizwa ry’ibiteganywa mu Masezerano ya Paris byashingiweho hategurwa NDC, ivuga ko ibiteganijwe bizatangira gushyirwa mu bikorwa mu ntangiriro z’umwaka utaha wa 2021.

Ivuga kandi ko yatangiye guhugura abakozi banyuranye bo mu nzego zifite aho zizahurira n’ishyirwa mu bikorwa ry’ibyateganijwe muri NDC guhera ku bashinzwe igenamigambi ndetse no kuganira n’inzego zose zifitemo ibikorwa zigomba kuzakurikirana cyangwa kuzakora kugira ngo zisobanukirwe ibyo zisabwa ndetse n’uburyo bigomba gukorwa.

U Rwanda rwiteze inyungu mu bikorwa bya NDC kuko bizarufasha kwihutisha gahunda z’iterambere rirambye ari nako rubungabunga ubuzima n’ubukungu bw’abaturage barwo kandi mu buryo burambye.

U Rwanda rwashyize imbere gahunda zo guhangana n'imihindagurikire y'ibihe

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