Inkomoko gakondo y’ibicumbi by’imiryango migari y’Abanyarwanda ( Igice cya mbere)

Yanditswe na Nsanzabera Jean de Dieu
Kuya 14 Ugushyingo 2019 saa 09:42
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Abantu benshi bakunze kwibaza ikibazo kijyanye n’ibicumbi bikuru by’imiryango bakomokamo nka gakondo y’ubutaka bwatuweho n’abakurambere mbere y’uko bororoka bagakwirakwira hirya no hino ku butaka bw’u Rwanda, ari nako babuhangaho ibihugu byaje kungwa bikabyara igihugu kimwe aricyo u Rwanda.

Nk’uko tubikesha igitabo “Iyororoka ry’Abanyarwanda, Inkomoko y’imiryango migari’’ dukesha Umusizi Nsanzabera Jean de Dieu, inzobere mu muco, ubusizi n’amateka y’u Rwanda, tugiye kubatekerere za gakondo nkuru z’ibicumbi bikuru by’imiryango migari y’Abanyarwanda.

Abanyarwanda bibumbiye mu Bicumbi bikuru by’imiryango, imiryango migari ndetse n’inzu z’imiryango. Ibicumbi bikuru by’imiryango, nibyo byabyaye imiryango migari, naho imiryango migari ibyara inzu z’imiryango. Muri aya mateka tukaba tugiye kwanzikira kuri gakondo z’ibicumbi bikuru by’imiryango y’Abanyarwanda aribyo: Abasinga, Abazigaba n’Abanyiginya.

Gakondo z’ igicumbi gikuru cy’imiryango y’Abasinga

Abatekereza b’amateka y’u Rwanda, bagaragaza neza ko Abasinga batuye bwa mbere ku butaka bw’u Rwanda, bafite inkomoko ku Bahima babarizwa ku butaka bw’igihugu cya Uganda, aribo bakunze kwita “Abahima b’Abanyankole”.

Mu iyaduka ryabo, baje bafite intego yo guhamya ubuhangange bwo gutura ku butaka bwari butwikiriwe n’amashyamba ya kimeza, babuhangaho ibihugu, bituma bakura izina ryabo mu rurimi rw’igisekuruza cyabo rw’urunyankore, bakurijeho kwitwa “Abasinga” aribyo mu Kinyarwanda bisobanuye: ‘’ Abatsinze’’.

Mu gutura kuri ubu butaka bw’u Rwanda, Abasinga binjiriye bwa mbere mu Majyaruguru y’u Rwanda bakomereza mu Burengerazuba bagana mu Majyepfo, bakurikiranye ubutohe bw’umwegega w’Ikiyaga cya Kivu n’amashyamba y’Ibirunga n’aya kimeza nka Gishwati, Nyungwe, Mukura na Cyamudongo. Ayo mashyamba bayahereyeho bahiga, kugeza ubwo bayatutira, bayahangaho ibihugu. Kubera ko ntawe bacuranwaga ngo abakome imbere kuri ubu butaka, barisanzuye baratura kugeza n’ubwo basakaje ingoma zabo mu Rwanda rw’ u Burengerazuba, mu Rwanda rw’Amajyepfo no mu Rwanda rwo Hagati ndetse bambuka na Nyabarongo basatira u Rwanda rw’i Burasirazuba.

Gakondo yabo ari nayo gicumbi gikuru batuyemo, kuri ubu ni mu Mirenge ya : Kigeyo, Mushonyi, Musasa, Ruhango, Gihango, Kivumu na Boneza yo mu Karere ka Rutsiro n’Umurenge wa Nyamyumba wo mu Karere ka Rubavu

Gakondo z’ igicumbi gikuru cy’imiryango y’Abazigaba

Abatekereza b’amateka y’u Rwanda, bagaragaza neza ko Abazigaba batuye mu ba mbere kuri ubu butaka bw’u Rwanda bakurikiye bene wabo b’Abasinga, bafite ikomoko ku Bahima babarizwa ku butaka bw’igihugu cya Uganda, aribo bakunze kwita “Abahima b’Abanyankole”. Mu iyaduka ryabo, badukiriye igice cy’i Burasirazuba bw’u Rwanda bogoze ibiyaga bigari bihabarizwa, aba ariho batema amashyamba ya Cyimeza barayakonda, barayatutira bayahangamo ibihugu bishyira kera. Batuye ako gace babungira ubutohe gakomora ku ruzi rw’Akagera n’ibiyaga bihaboneka nka Nasho, Hago, Ihema n’ibindi. Nuko batangira kwagura ibihugu byabo bagana mu Rwanda rwo hagati no mu Majyepfo y’Iburasirazuba.

Gakondo y’imbanza y’igicumbi gikuru cy’imiryango y’Abazigaba ni mu mirenge ya: Mwili na Murundi yo mu Karere ka Kayonza, ukongeraho Umurenge wa Rwimbogo yo muri Gatsibo.

Gakondo z’ igicumbi gikuru cy’imiryango y’Abanyiginya

Abatekereze b’amateka y’Igicumbi cy’imiryango migari cy’Abanyiginya, bavuga ko cyaba gikomoka mu Majyaruguru y’Iburasirazuba bwa Afurika mu gihugu cya Ethiopia. Inkomoko yabo ikaba ari iyo mu muryango w’Abagala bakunze kwita n’Abaromo,wari ukomeye muri icyo gihugu kandi wari nawo mugabwangoma mu myaka ya 300 nyuma ya Yezu Kirisitu. Abanyiginya basesekaye mu Karere ka Afurika y’Iburasirazuba no mu Rwanda, ahasaga muwa 700, ubwo bari mu iyimukayimuka nk’abandi bose ry’abatuye muri Afurika, bashaka ubwinyagamburiro bw’imiryango yabo n’amatungo yabo.

Nyuma y’igihe kitari gito, bafashe urugendo rwo mu muhora uhuza Afurika y’Amajyaruguru y’Iburasirazuba n’iy’Amajyepfo, bagaca mu bihugu bya Somaliya, Kenya na Uganda, niko gusesekara kuri ubu butaka bw’u Rwanda. Barasukiye mu Burasirazuba bw’u Rwanda mu Murenge wa Gatsibo wo mu Karere ka Gatsibo, basanga Abazigaba barahakabye barema ingoma y’u Rweya rw’u Mubali, yari ikomatanyije Imirenge y’Akarere ka Gatsibo, n’imirenge imwe n’imwe iri mu Majyaruguru y’Akarere ka Kayonza. Abahasesekaye muri ibyo bihe, nibo bavuyemo Abasekuruza b’Imbanza ba Kazi wabyaye Gihanga cyahanze ingoma y’u Rwanda.

Mu gusesekara mu Rweya rw’Abazigaba, bahaserukanye, ibigwi n’imihigo y’ibyo bazanye muri aka karere, nk’uko babivuze mu izina ryabo ubwo Abazigaba babazaga izina ryabo. Nk’aho bakavuze iry’igisekuruza cyabo cy’Abagala cyangwa se Abaromo, badukana izina rishya ryibigwi n’ibirindiro by’ahazaza habo, ry’Abanyiginya rishatse kuvuga “Abantu barambye ku butunzi n’ubupfura”.

Nyuma y’imyaka isaga 300, Abanyiginya bamaze mu busembere bacumbikiwe n’Abazigaba, nibwo umucyo w’ubuhangange wabamurikiye bahanga igihugu cyabo kitwaga Gasabo, cyinjira mu ruhando rw’ibindi bihugu bigera kuri 24 byari bisanganyije ubu butaka bw’u Rwanda, baba babaye igihugu cya 25, gihangwa na Gihanga Ngomijana, umukurambere w’Abangiyinya bahanze ingoma y’u Rwanda. I Gasabo niho Abanyiginya n’imiryango ibakomokaho baguriye ubutaka bwabo bahanga ibindi bihugu ku bisigara by’ubutaka Abasinga n’Abazigaba bari baranennye. Ibihugu byahanzwe na bene Gihanga, muri byo dusangamo Ndorwa y’Abashambo, Kibali y’Abega, u Bugara bw’Abacyaba n’u Bugesera bw’Abahondogo.

Amateka y’impitabie ku gihugu cy’u Rwanda, adutekerereza ko gakondo nkuru y’igicumbi gikuru cy’Abanyiginya n’imiryango migari ibakomokaho, ari mu Mirenge ya Nduba, Bumbogo, Rutunga, Gikomero, Ndera na Rusororo yo mu Karere ka Gasabo, ukongeraho n’Umurenge wa Fumbwe wo mu Karere ka Rwamagana.

Nyuma yo kubagezaho Gakondo nkuru z’ibicumbi by’imiryango y’Abanyarwanda, mu bice bikurikiraho, tuzabagezaho za Gakondo nkuru z’imiryango migari y’Abanyarwanda, uko ari 24.


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