Imbwirwaruhame ya Anastase Makuza yo mu 1964 igaragaza urwango ubuyobozi bwari bufitiye Abatutsi

Yanditswe na Tom Ndahiro
Kuya 23 Nyakanga 2019 saa 08:01
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Iyo ushakisha inkomoko y’imvugo zagiye zikoreshwa mu mugambi wo gutegura Jenoside yakorewe Abatutsi, ukareba n’imvugo ikoreshwa n’abakoze Jenoside bayihakana, ugenda ubona neza uburyo habaye uruhererekane rw’ibitekerezo rufatanye bisa n’umugozi uboshye neza.

Ubushize nakomoje ku ijambo rya Anastase Makuza mu gifaransa yise “Appel Pathetique: Aggression-suicide de terroristes Tutsi” mu kinyarwanda rikaba ryarasemuwe rikitwa “Impinyuza ibeshyuza Impunzi: Gatutsi-nyenzi yateye yiyahura”.

N’ubwo ari imbwirwaruhame yavugiwe i Paris mu Bufaransa muri Werurwe 1964, inyigisho zari ziyirimo zakoze ishyano mu Rwanda hagati ya Ukwakira 1990 kugeza kuri Jenoside yakorewe Abatutsi ndetse bikanakomeza na nyuma yaho.

Hari igice cy’iyo disikuru ya Makuza cyabaye izingiro rya Jenoside mu itegurwa ryayo no kuyihakana. Ni aho yahakanaga ko hari Jenoside yakorewe Abatutsi uhereye mu ijoro rya Noheli 1963 kugeza muri Mutarama 1964.

Makuza ati: “Igitangaza umunyarwanda utarugambaniye, ni uko amaradiyo n’ibinyamateka, bidahosha kuvuga agahinda bitewe na rubanda rwitabaye, bitagize icyo bivuga ku bugome bw’abo bagira nabi, nk’aho umwotsi ucumba mu nzu yahiye uba urushije ubugiranabi umuriro wayitwitse, cyangwa se nk’aho kwivuna uguteye ali byo bibi kurusha gutera utakwakuye.

Uko gucurika amahame yemerwa n’abantu bose, ukibasira kuzimya umuriro wongera inkongi mu nzu ishya ngo aha urashaka kuyizimya byatera umunyarwanda kwibaza niba ubwenge bw’Abazungu buteye kimwe n’ubw’abirabura.

Kuko, mu bwenge bwa Kinyarwanda, ingirwa-bahanga z’abazungu zigeze kuvuga ko bucuritse, ushaka kuzimya inzu ishya, azimya umuriro uyitwika aho kurwanira kuzimya umwotsi uyicumburukamo. Iyo nzu mvuga ni ya midugararo iherutse kuba mu Rwanda. Umwotsi mwibasiye kuzimya ni umujinya wa rubanda rwahagurukanye rubonye rutewe.”

“Umuriro ni bya bitero by’inyenzi byateye rubanda uwo mujinya mukaba ariko ariwo mwibasira aho kwibasira nyirabayazana. Cyo re, nk’uko nabivugaga ko ibyari hasi byagiye hejuru, niba mu bwenge bwa Kinyarwanda, ureba icyabaye urebye icyagiteye, niba umuntu wese afite uburenganzira bwo kwirengera iyo yasagariwe, umuntu yavuga ate ko ari ko bimeze mu buhanga bwa kizungu, kandi abanyamakuru bamwe bamaze gucurika ibyo Imana yacuruye?

None se hari ugucurika ubwenge kwaruta guhishira cyangwa gushima ubugome bw’inyenzi bwasagariye abaturarwanda, ukarengaho ahubwo ukibasira no gusebya abo baturage baziyamye zibateye? Niba ari ubugira nabi mwanga, ntimwambwira impamvu yabateye guhishira inyenzi zashoje intambara, mugatangira gusakuza aho abaturage babereye nka ya ngwe itari izi gufata ku gakanu iyo itabibwirizwa?”

Guha agaciro icyaha

Umugambi wa Jenoside yakorewe Abatutsi guhera mu 1990, wajyanye no gutegura ubwicanyi mu mitwe y’abantu. Icya mbere cyakozwe kwari ukubiba urwango ku Batutsi, guha Jenoside inyito nziza birimo kuyiha ishusho y’igikorwa cyo kwitabara.

Nta gitangaza ko iki gice cy’imbwirwaruhame ya Makuza yo mu 1964, yasohotse mu kinyamakuru Kangura No 6 cyo mu Ukuboza 1990. Icyo kinyamakuru akaba ari cyo cyasohoye andi mategeko Icumi yiswe ko ari ay’Abahutu.

Ubwicanyi bwakorewe Abatutsi 1963-4 bwahitanye abarenga ibihumbi makumyabiri na bitanu (+25,000) barimo abaturage ku misozi batuyeho n’abanyapolitiki batari muri PARMEHUTU, nibwo Makuza yahaye inyito nyinshi zipfobya ubukana bw’icyaha cyari cyakozwe. Yanakoresheje ishushanyito zisingiza abicanyi.

Nibwo bwa mbere ibitangazamakuru mpuzamahanga byise ubwicanyi bwakorewe Abatutsi mu Rwanda “Jenoside” n’irimburabwoko “extermination”. Ariko kuri Makuza abicanyi bari abantu b’inzirakarengane batsembye abandi batabishaka ahubwo babitewe n’abicaga. Nicyo yagereranyije n’ingwe yafashe agakanu ari uko ibwirijwe.

Muri iyo mbwirwaruhame, yemeza ko “Inyenzi” zageze ku kiraro cyo ku Kanzeze, ariko “bazisutsemo urusasu bazishora inkungugu, bugoroba bazigejeje hakurya y’u Rwanda”. Niba mu munsi umwe zarakubishwe inshuro bakazambutsa umupaka, ni kuki bashumurije abaturage ngo batsembe bagenzi babo?

Imvugo yoroshya Jenoside yakozwe icyo gihe uyisanga mu byanditswe u Rwanda rwizihiza imyaka 10 y’ubwigenge mu 1972. “Mu myijima ya Ukuboza 1963 ndetse ugashyira imboneko za Mutarama mu wa 1964, inyanga-rwanda z’utunyenzi, zibwiye ko Abanyarwanda batari maso, ziyemeza kuza gukanga amahoro y’abaturage n ’igihugu cyabo, mu ntara zimwe na zimwe zarwo.” (PRESIDENCE DE LA REPUBLIQUE, Ingingo z’ingenzi mu mateka y’u Rwanda. Imyaka icumi y’isabukuru y’ubwigenge: 01-07-1962 – 01-07-1972, Ibiro by’amakuru muli Prezidansi ya Repubulika, 1972, p.82).

Nkuko byagenze mu 1990, Inkotanyi zarateye, urugamba ruri ku mupaka w’u Rwanda/Tanzania/Uganda, Abagogwe bo mu Ruhengeri na Gisenyi baricwa.

Ni isomo ryo kudaha agaciro ubuzima rikomoka kuri PARMEHUTU yitwa ko yasezerewe mu 1973. Iyo kwicwa kw’abantu barenga 25,000 byitwa umwotsi, mu gihe igitero gikubitwa inshuro umunsi umwe kikaba ari cyo cyitwa umuriro na “nyirabayazana”, ni ikimenyetso cy’ingengabitekerezo ya Jenoside iba yararitse mu muntu.

Mu magambo yose ya Makuza ntaho yerekana aho “agahinda” gakura muri “rubanda rwitabaye” bikavamo kwica Abatutsi. Abantu kwica abaturanyi babo batari basanzwe bagira icyo bapfa akabiha inyito nziza yo “kwivuna uguteye”… akabibyinirira ngo ni “uburenganzira bwo kwirengera” kuko basagariwe.

Aho yabihaye ishusho nziza ikomeye, ni uko iyo myumvire ye y’ubugome yayishyize mu rwego rw’amahame buri wese agomba kumva. Anarenzaho avuga ko utabyumva acurika ibintu “Imana yacuruye.” Ubwo buryo bwo kwerekana ko ubwicanyi bwumvikana, ndetse n’Imana yabuhaye umugisha bwakoreshejwe icyo gihe bunakora guhera mu gutegura Jenoside yakorewe Abatutsi mu Rwanda.

Urebye iyo mbwirwaruhame muri rusange usanga yari yaratewe ni uko ubwicanyi bwakozwe bukamenyekana. Biravugwa ko ari Musenyeri Andre Perraudin wagiriye inama Kayibanda ngo yohereze Makuza twagereranya na Joseph Goebbels w’u Rwanda icyo gihe, ngo amare iminsi myinshi mu mahanga yerekana ko abavuze ko abanditse ko habaye itsembabwoko ari injiji zidashobora gutandukanya ururo n’icyatsi.

Isomo rikomeye

Ntibikeneye isesengura rikomeye ngo wumve neza urwango rugwingiza umunyarwanda rwari mu magambo ya Anastase Makuza. Isomo rya mbere ni uko kwica Abatutsi bwari uburyo bwo kurwana intambara. Ni nabyo byakoreshejwe mu 1990-94 aho Umututsi yiswe umwanzi mu buryo bweruye.

Anastase Makuza igitekerezo cye hari ahandi cyari cyaravugiwe. Ubwo Joseph Gitera yasohoraga icyo yise “Amategeko Cumi y’Abahutu” ku wa 27 Nzeri 1959, itegeko rya 5 ni: “Uwahora umututsi inabi yagize, nta mututsi wasigara mu Rwanda. Guhora si byiza. Ariko kwirinda umwanzi cyangwa kwirwanaho aguteye birateganyijwe mu mategeko yose.” Itegeko rya 10 rigasoza rivuga ngo Abatutsi “baragatsindwa mu Rwanda.”

Uko kugira igice kimwe cy’abenegihugu, bakitwa inyangarwanda, ni yo Jenoside. Imitwe y’abicanyi nk’Interahamwe, Impuzamugambi na Hutu-Pawa byateguwe muri gahunda yo “kwirengera” cyangwa “kwitabara” bikiza uwahinduwe umwanzi w’u Rwanda. Ni nayo mpamvu iyo mitwe yiswe “Defence civile.”

Iryo gwingira n’igwingiza ntiryagarukiraga mu banyapolitiki gusa, no mu Kiliziya Gatolika ryarahageze niba atari ho ryatangiriye. Niho tuzakomereza.

Anastase Makuza yabaye Perezida w’Inteko Ishinga Amategeko y’u Rwanda

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