Impamvu nyitiriro ku kibazo cya Uganda n’u Rwanda

Yanditswe na Albert Rudatsimburwa
Kuya 10 Gashyantare 2020 saa 11:34
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Imiterere y’inkuru zituruka muri Uganda, zishyira imbere cyane ko umwuka mubi uri hagati y’iki gihugu n’u Rwanda, waba ushingiye ku yindi mpamvu nyitiriro itandukanye n’ibihari.

Kuva mu ntangiriro z’umwaka, ibitangazamakuru bikomeye byo muri Uganda nka The New Vision, The Daily Monitor, The Independent, byatsimbaraye ku bukangurambaga bw’ikinyoma byatumye bigorana kubitandukanya n’imbuga (blogs) zikoreshwa mu icengezamatwara ry’ubutegetsi bwa Kampala, zirimo izizwi cyane nka SoftPower ya Sarah Kagingo, ChimpReports ya Giles Mahame, n’ibindi bizwiho ibinyoma biteye isoni.

Byose hamwe, byerekana umugambi uteguye w’ubutegetsi bwa Uganda wo kuguma mu murongo wo kurwanya u Rwanda ndetse n’ubushake buke bwa politiki mu gukemura ikibazo giteye inkeke ibihugu byombi kuva mu myaka itatu ishize.

Itangazamakuru rya Uganda ryashishikajwe no kwerekana ko umupaka wa Gatuna, ari wo muzi w’ukutumvikana hagati ya Kampala na Kigali. Nta kwita ku nshuro byagaragarijwe ko umupaka ari ingaruka yoroshye y’ibyatumye habaho ikibazo kuruta uko waba impamvu yacyo.

Ibi bitangazamakuru byimye agaciro ibindi byose bitajyanye n’urwitwazo rwa Uganda rw’uko ibyabaye byose bishingiye ku mupaka wa Gatuna, bikavuga ko nta gaciro bifite ndetse bigafatwa nk’ibinyoma.

Kuwa 8 Gashyantare, igitangazamakuru cyo muri Uganda, The Daily Monitor, cyanditse inkuru ifite umutwe uvuga ko ‘Ba Minisitiri bahuye mbere y’uko Museveni na Kagame bahura ku kibazo cy’umupaka’, byerekana ko intego yo guhura ari ugufungura umupaka wa Gatuna.

“Turasenga ko kuwa 21 Gashyantare inama yabyara umusaruro wo kongera gufungura umupaka, hagasubukurwa ubucuruzi bwambukiranya umupaka”. Aya ni amagambo Monitor yanditse ko yavuzwe na Nelson Nshangabasheija, uyobora umujyi wa Katuna, itamenyesheje abasomyi ko ikibazo atari umupaka.

Ibi ni ibinyoma bya The Monitor bigamije guhisha ukuri, bikaba ari ibiheruka byiyongera ku bindi yanditse hamwe na bagenzi bayo. No mu gushaka kugaragaza impande zose no kutabogama, iki gitangazamakuru kivuga itangazo riheruka rya Angola, mu buryo butari bwo cyerekana uko ryafashe umwanzuro wo kurekura imfungwa n’ibyiyemejwe n’ubutegetsi bwombi byo kudafasha abahungabanya umutekano.

Bakomeza gusubiramo nk’aho ari intero y’indirimbo ko ‘u Rwanda rwanze kugaragaza ubushake bwo gusubiza ku murongo umubano nk’uko Uganda ibufite’. Ibi byanditswe na SoftPower kuwa 20 Mutarama, isoza ivuga ko ‘u Rwanda kuva umwaka ushize rwanze ndetse ku bushake ruca intege uburyo bwose bugamije gukemura ibibazo byarwo, harimo kwanga gushyira mu bikorwa amasezerano ya Luanda yasinywe hagati ya Museveni na Kagame, akeneye guhita yubahirizwa.’

Iyo batavuze ibinyoma gusa, bayobya abasomyi ku bushake. Kuwa 2 Gashyantare, ChimpReports, ya Giles Mahame, yanditse ko ‘Museveni na Kagame bemeranyijwe kurekura imfungwa no guhurira ku mupaka wa Gatuna’. The Independent ya Andrew Mwenda, nyuma y’aho yanditse ko ‘U Rwanda rutaritegura gukora nk’ibyo Uganda yakoze’, agendeye ku kuba Uganda yararekuye abanyarwanda icyenda muri Mutarama, bari bafunzwe mu buryo butemewe n’amategeko.

Biteye ikimwaro kuvuga ko amasezerano atarimo kubahirizwa kuko u Rwanda rutarimo gukora nk’ibyo Uganda yakoze. Kuva umwuka mubi watangira, u Rwanda rwakomeje kwita cyane ku kuba nta munya-Uganda, wahohoterwa, nk’uko ari yo politiki yarwo.

Nta kimenyetso na kimwe cyo kwihorera kigeze kigaragara gikorerwa umuturage wa Uganda. Byaba ari ukwifuza se ko u Rwanda rukora ibikorwa bibi nk’ibya Uganda. U Rwanda ntirwigeze runanirwa guhiga ibihumbi by’abanya-Uganda bar ii Kigali gusa ngo rubate muri yombi, rubakorere iyicarubozo rusubiza ibyo Uganda irimo gukorera abanyarwanda bari yo.

Niba Uganda itegereje gushyira mu bikorwa amasezerano ya Angola, ari uko abanya-Uganda bashyizwe ku nkeke, bagatabwa muri yombi bagakorerwa iyicarubozo mu Rwanda, hanyuma rukabashyikiriza Uganda nk’uko ibikora, iki kibazo ntabwo kizarangira.

‘U Rwanda ruzishimira kurekura abanya-Uganda rwafashe mu buryo butemewe n’amategeko, kandi ibi bizoroha cyane kuko nta n’umwe rwafashe’. Ibi byatangajwe n’Umunyamabanga wa Leta ushinzwe EAC, Amb. Olivier Nduhungirehe, kuri Twitter kuwa 2 Gashyantare, mu guha abanya-Uganda amakuru y’umwimerere itangazamakuru ryabo ryahisemo kubahisha.

Akandi gahomamunwa kagaragaye mu Nteko Ishinga Amategeko ya Uganda. Umudepite uhagarariye Rukungiri, Roland Mugume, yavuze ko aho ahagarariye ubucuruzi bwagize ibibazo bitewe no gukomeza gufunga umupaka k’u Rwanda.

Mugenzi we uhagarariye Kabale, Ajar Baryayanga, yavuze ko amashuri mu gace ahagarariye yatakaje abanyeshuri 2000 bitewe n’ifungwa ry’umupaka uhuza u Rwanda na Uganda. Aba badepite bari mu kuri kubaza guverinoma yabo impamvu yo kuzarira mu gukemura ikibazo kiri hagati y’ibihugu byombi.

Icyakora, kimwe n’itangazamakuru rya Uganda (bishoboke ko biterwa no gusoma gusa ibitangazamakuru by’icengezamatwara), abadepite batekereza ko igisubizo ari uko u Rwanda rwakora nka Uganda.

Perezida w’Umutwe w’Abadepite, Rebecca Kadaga, yasabye guverinoma ye kujya kwerura ikabwira abanya-Uganda niba bagomba gukomeza kujya mu Rwanda cyangwa batajyayo.

Abandi badepite nabo basabye guverinoma ‘kubuza abaturage ba Uganda kutajya mu Rwanda kugeza igihe umwuka mubi hagati y’ibihugu byombi uzaviraho’.

Kuva u Rwanda rwasaba abaturage barwo kutajya muri Uganda, kubera impungenge z’umutekano wabo utizewe ariko rukizeza abanya-Uganda ko nta kibazo bazarugiriramo ndetse umutekano wabo uzakomeza kubungabungwa nk’uw’abaturage barwo n’abandi baturarwanda. None, gusaba abanya-Uganda kutajya mu Rwanda byaba bishingiye kuki?.

Nanone, niba Inteko Ishinga Amategeko ya Uganda idasaba guverinoma gushyira mu bikorwa amasezerano ya Angola, ahubwo bagasaba ko ibuza abaturage bayo kujya mu Rwanda, bishoboka bite gutekereza ko ikibazo hagati y’ibihugu byombi gishobora kuzarangira?.

Mu ntangiriro z’uku kwezi, Perezida Kagame yahishuye ko guverinoma ya Uganda, yamusabye kubwira abanyarwanda ko umutekano wabo wizewe muri Uganda bityo bakorerayo ingendo.

Ati “Icyo ndimo gusabwa gukora ni ukubwira abanyarwanda ko ubu batangira kujya muri Uganda ntacyo bikanga. Nibyo ndimo gusabwa. Ariko ndakifashe kuri ibyo kuko sindizera ko nabwira abanyarwanda gutangira kujyayo”.

Ubwo iyi nkuru yasohokaga, amakuru yamenyekanye ko umunyarwanda Emmanuel Mageza, wari ufungiwe muri kasho za Uganda yabonetse yapfuye nyuma yo gukorerwa iyicarubozo ryatumye arwara mu mutwe.

Urwego rushinzwe iperereza mu gisirikare cya Uganda (CMI) rwamutwaye mu bitaro bivura indwara zo mu mutwe bya Butabika, aho yapfiriye kuwa 21 Mutarama saa tatu za mugitondo, nta n’ubushake bwo kumenyesha u Rwanda cyangwa ambasade y’u Rwanda muri Uganda.

Niba umugambi wa Uganda ari uguhisha impfu z’abo yakoreye iyicarubozo kugeza ku rupfu, umuntu yakwibaza umubare w’abanyarwanda bangahe bapfuye urupfu nk’uru rwa Mageza?.

Niba Perezida Kagame atewe impungenge n’umutekano w’abanyarwanda muri Uganda, uru rupfu rushobora gukomeza kumutera impungenge kurushaho.

Iyi niyo mpamvu umuhuro wa Gatuna atari uwo gufungura umupaka nk’uko ibitangazamakuru bya Uganda bikomeje kubitsimbararaho biyobya abaturage b’iki gihugu. Ni ugukomeza gutera intambwe yo kurekura abanyarwanda bafungiwe muri Uganda mu buryo butemewe n’amategeko, abagize uruhare mu iyicarubozo cyangwa ibindi bikorwa bya kinyamaswa by’inzego z’umutekano bakabiryozwa byaba ibyatumye ababikorewe bapfa, bamugara cyangwa barwara mu mutwe.

Iyi nama kandi inagamije gusuzuma intambwe iyo ari yo yose yatewe na Uganda mu gushyira iherezo ku bufasha ubwo ari bwo bwose igenera abarwanya u Rwanda. Ibi bikaba byaratangajwe na Amb. Nduhungirehe kuri Twitter, abwira abanya-Uganda kudakomeza guhezwa mu mwijima n’itangazamakuru ryabo.

Icyakora Nduhungirehe anagaragaza icyizere, mu gihe ku ruhande rwa Uganda nta kigaragaza ko uyu mwuka mubi hagati yayo n’u Rwanda uzarangira igihe cyose vuba. Icyo Uganda irimo gusaba u Rwanda gukora kugira ngo yuzuze ibyo igomba gukora mu masezerano ya Luanda, ni ikintu u Rwanda rwirinze.

Harimo gushyira ku nkeke no gukorera iyicarubozo abanya-Uganda, kurema no gufasha abarwanya Uganda. Igihe cyose Uganda itsimbaraye ku kuvuga ko itazashyira mu bikorwa amasezerano ya Luanda, mu gihe u Rwanda ntacyo rukoze, byaba bifite ishingiro cyane gutekereza ko turi mu bibazo bihoraho.


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