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U Rwanda rwinjiye mu myiteguro ya 5G: Impinduka zikomeye zitezwe mu ishoramari rya miliyari 200 Frw

Yanditswe na Rabbi Malo Umucunguzi
Kuya 19 Ukwakira 2022 saa 01:56
Yasuwe :

Guverinoma y’u Rwanda yashyizeho Politiki nshya y’igihugu y’ikoranabuhanga, igena imirongo izafasha mu guteza imbere internet ngo irusheho kugera kuri benshi mu gihugu kandi ihendutse, ndetse mu gihe kiri imbere gishobora gutangira gukoresha n’ikoranabuhanga rya 5G.

Ni politiki igomba gushyirwa mu bikorwa mu myaka itanu hagati y’imyaka ya 2022-2023 na 2026- 2027.

Yitezweho gutuma u Rwanda ruba igihugu gikomeye mu gukoresha ikoranabuhanga no guhanga ibishya birishamikiyeho.

Minisiteri y’ikoranabuhanga igaragaza ko kugira ngo igere ku ntego zose ziteganywa muri iyi politiki, hakenewe ishoramari rya miliyari 200 Frw, harimo uruhare runini rw’abikorera ndetse n’urwa Leta.

Ni ishoramari rigiye gukorwa mu gihe bimaze kugaragara neza ko internet imaze kuba izingiro rya serivisi hafi ya zose z’ubukungu, ubuvuzi, uburezi, ubugeni, imyidagaduro n’ibindi byinshi.

Mu gihe imibare yerekana ko abakoresha telefoni ngendanwa bagera kuri 84%, iyo bigeze ku bakoresha internet, imibare yo mu 2021 yerekana ko bari 31%.

Mu isesegura, byagaragaye ko ibigo bikora mu rwego rwo gusakaza internet bidakora uko bikwiye, ku buryo igihe kigeze ngo hahindurwe imiterere y’isoko mu gihugu, guhindura uburyo bw’ihangana rishingiye kuri serivisi, gushyiraho uburyo bufasha mu kubona imiyoboro igezweho.

Ni politiki igizwe n’inkingi esheshatu zikomeye, zizagenderwaho mu guteza imbere uburyo abanyarwanda bagerwaho na internet yihuse mu buryo bw’umwihariko.

Ikiguzi cya Internet kigiye kugabanywa

Muri gahunda, biteganywa ko hazakorwa ibishoboka byose kugira ngo internet ihenduke ku baturage, kandi abantu babashe kuyikoresha yihuta.

Umuyobozi Mukuru muri Minisiteri y’Ikoranabuhanga na Inovasiyo ushinzwe Iterambere ry’Ikoranabuhanga, Gordon Kalema, yabwiye IGIHE ko bitewe n’aho u Rwanda rugeze, kugira ngo ikoranabuhanga rirusheho kubyazwa umusaruro, internet igomba kuba ihendutse, ijyanye n’ubushobozi bw’abaturage basanzwe.

Muri ubwo buryo hateganywa koroshya uburyo abantu babona ibikoresho bigezweho by’ikoranabuhanga, hakongerwa n’uburyo internet igera mu gihugu.

Biteganywa ko ibikoresho bigezweho bizagera ku bantu bakuru 85% na 90% ku rwego rw’ingo.

Guverinoma kandi iteganya kwagura inzira u Rwanda ruboneramo internet, kuko uyu munsi hari inzira ya internet y’insinga iva muri Uganda igaca i Gatuna na Kagitumba, n’indi igaca muri Tanzania iciye ku Rusumo.

Kalema ati "Mu gihe tugifite inzira zikiri nkeya, ntabwo biduha amahirwe menshi mu kugabanya igiciro. Icyo twifuza rero ni ugukorana n’abantu batandukanye kugira ngo tube twakongera inzira. Inzira zishobora kunyura n’ubundi muri ibyo bihugu, ariko ari inzira zitandukaye. Zishobora no kunyura mu bindi bihugu duturanye bitewe n’uwo tuzaba twumvikanye."

Harimo imiyoboro ishobora guca muri RDC cyangwa u Burundi, ishobora kuba ivuye muri Angola cyangwa Zambia.

Ati "Hari abantu benshi bagiye batanga ibitekerezo ko byakunda."

Mu ntego zihawe muri iyi myaka itanu harimo gufugura nibura inzira eshatu nshya.

U Rwanda rugiye kongera inzira zigeza internet mu gihugu

Hateganyijwemo kandi icyiswe Mobile Number Portability, uburyo nk’umuntu ashobora kwimukana nimero imwanditseho, igihe ahinduye ikigo cy’itumanaho.

Muri icyo gihe, niba ufite nimero ya MTN Rwanda ugakenera gukoresha Airtel Rwanda cyangwa ikinyuranyo cy’ibyo, nimero ukayihamana.

Kalema ati "Byumvikane biba bivuze ngo mu gihe wumva ubonye serivisi itanoze, ndetse na wawundi uyiguha aba abizi ko mu gihe biri bukorohere kuba wakwimuka ukajya ku wundi muyoboro, ni ukuvuga ngo aba agomba gukora uko ashoboye kose kugira ngo serivisi inoge."

Ni mu gihe hari ubwo wasangaga umutu yanga guhindura umuyoboro nubwo atawishimiye, kubera gusa impungenge zo gutakaza nimero ye kandi izwi n’abantu benshi, ugasanga ahisemo kubangikanya Sim-cards.

KtRN ishobora gutakaza umwihariko kuri 4G

Muri iyi politiki hateganyijwemo kongera ipigana mu bantu batanga serivisi za internet n’ibikorwa remezo, bikazogera imitangire ya serivisi.

Binyuze muri ubwo buryo, nko mu Rwanda ikigo KtRN ni cyo rukumbi cyaranguzaga 4G, abandi bakayicuruza bayidandaza.

Kalema ati "Mu gihe abandi 2G ari yo bisanzuraho mu gucuruza na 3G, bataragera kuri 4G, urumva uburyo bwo gukora inovasiyo bwari bugoranye. Kimwe rero Leta izaganira n’uwo twari dufitanye ubufataye ni uburyo dushobora kuba twareka abandi bose bakinjira mu isoko rya 4G, mu buryo bwo kuba nabo bemerewe kuba bashyiraho umurongo wabo n’iminara yabo."

"Icyo gihe bizahindura ibintu byinshi mu buryo 4G yakoreshwaga. Uyu munsi ntabwo yariho abantu benshi, kandi byagaragaye no mu bihugu duturanye ko aho bagiye bayishyiraho kubera ko bari bafite uburyo bw’ihatana, byaboroheye kugera ku bantu benshi."

U Rwanda rugiye kwifashisha satellite

Hanateganywa ingamba zijyanye no gutuma umuyoboro mugari ugera ku bantu benshi, zirimo ko internet itangwa n’icyogajuru (satellite) izunganira imigozi cyangwa 4G.

Ni gahunda izakorwa mu bufataye n’ibigo birimo igishinzwe ibyogajuru, Rwanda Space Agency.

Kalema ati "Kuri Satellite ho urumva biba byoroshye ngo uyigeze ahantu henshi kandi ikoranabuhanga rimaze kwerekana ko ishobora kuruta na 4G mu buryo bw’umuvuduko."

Kugeza mu 2021 u Rwanda rwari rufite satellites ebyiri mu isanzure zirimo Rwasat-1 itanga amakuru y’ubutaka, n’iyiswe Icyerekezo, yitezweho gutanga internet ku banyeshuri barimo abo ku kirwa cya Nkombo, mu kiyaga cya Kivu.

Icyakora, uyu mushinga wa kabiri nturaratangira gutanga umusaruro.

Imiyoboro ya REG igiye kugendana n’iya internet

Mu gukwirakwiza internet kandi, hateganywa gahunda y’uko imiyoboro ya internet igomba kubangikanywa n’iy’insinga z’amashanyarazi, haba ku mishya igenda yubakwa cyangwa isanzweho.

Muri iki gihe bimaze kugaragara ko mu bice byinshi nka Kigali, Liquid Telecom yakomeje kugeza internet ku ngo inyuze mu butaka, ariko ubu CanalBox na MTN bimaze kugenda biyigeza ku ngo iciye ku mapoto y’amashanyarazi.

Kalema yakomeje ati "Turimo turakorana na REG, ku buryo ahantu hose hazajya hashyirwa amashanyarazi hazajya hashyirwamo n’imiyoboro ya internet, cyane cyane byagaragaye ko iyo usubiye inyuma ukabikora nyuma, biguhendesha hafi inshuro cumi ku giciro byakabaye bigufata mbere."

"Ni ukuvuga ngo ahantu hose REG izajya ishyira amashanyarazi hazajya hashyirwamo na intenet. Ubundi ntabwo ariko byari bimeze, ariko n’ikindi, mu mabwiriza ahabwa cyangwa agenga imyubakire, ni uko umuntu wese ugiye kubaka inzu izahuriramo abantu, yaba iy’ubucuruzi cyangwa y’isoko, ibyo ni ibintu agomba gukora. Aba agomba kuhageza internet."

Ibyo bizaba bivuze ko internet izagenda yishyurwa nka serivisi zisanzwe.

Biteganywa ko gahunda zashyizweho ibura zizagabanya ikiguzi cya serivisi z’uyu muyoboro mugari ho 40%.

U Rwanda mu nzira za 5G

Muri iyi politiki hanateganyijwemo ibijyanye na inovasiyo, kuko nk’uko ikoranabuhanga rikataza, niko rigomba no kubyazwa umusaruro.

Mu gihe u Rwanda rukirimo kwihutisha ikwirakwiza rya 4G, hari nk’ibihugu byageze kuri 5G, ndetse hari n’ibyatangiye gusingira 6G.

Muri iyi politiki hateganyijwe gahunda yo kubaka ubumenyi, kugira ngo abaturage bakoreshe internet mu buryo butuma babona serivisi bakeneye.

Ibyo kandi bizagendana no kubaka ubushobozi bw’abantu bafite ubumenyi, bwatuma u Rwanda rutera imbere mu ikoranabuhanga.

Kalema yakomeje ati "Urugero niba tuvuze ngo tugiye kujya muri 5G, ni gute twaba dufite nk’aba enjeniyeri, twarabateguye neza, bashobora kuba bakoresha iryo koranabuhanga bakarishyira no mu bikorwa."

"Hari imishinga igamije kugira ngo dutere imbere tube twarenga 4G, duhindure umurongo ukuntu watangwaga, ku buryo dushobora natwe kuba twakwakira 5G kandi mu gihe cya vuba."

Muri iyi politiki ariko ntabwo bageze ku kugena igihe u Rwanda rushobora kubona 5G, ahubwo hagarukwa ku gushyirwaho uburyo bwatuma bishoboka vuba.

Ubwo iyi internet kadi izakomeza gushyirwa ku rwego rufatika, hanateganywa ibikorwa byinshi bizatuma ibyazwa umusaruro mu guhanga ibishya (inovasiyo).

Nibura buri mwaka hazaba haterwa inkunga ibikorwa bya inovasiyo 40.

Hanateganywa kuzajya hakorwa Digital Broadband development index, ibipimo bifasha mu kureba uko umuyoboro ugenda waguka, abakoresha internet, intambwe ziterwa n’imbogamizi zihari, zikeneye gushakirwa umuti.

Ibyo bikazajyana n’uburyo bwo kwihutisha amategeko yakira ikoranabuhanga rigezweho mu gihe bibaye ngombwa, kugira ngo arusheho kujyana n’igihe.

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