U Rwanda rwemeye gutanga miliyoni $2.5 muri miliyari $14 zizakoreshwa na Global Fund

Yanditswe na Twarabanye Venuste
Kuya 10 Ukwakira 2019 saa 10:10
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Guverinoma y’u Rwanda yemeye gutanga miliyoni $ 2.5 (asaga miliyari 2.3 Frw) mu Kigega Global Fund, azakoreshwa mu rugamba rwo kurwanya indwara eshatu zihangayikishije Isi, arizo Virusi itera Sida, Igituntu na Malaria kugeza mu 2023.

Ni isezerano ryatanzwe na Minisitiri w’Ubuzima, Dr Diane Gashumba, mu nama ya Global Fund yabereye i Lyon mu Bufaransa. Ni inama impande zitandukanye zemereyemo gutanga miliyari $14.02, zizifashishwa mu bikorwa byo kurwanya Sida, Igituntu na Malaria mu myaka itatu uhereye mu 2020.

Aya ni yo mafaranga menshi abashije gukusanywa n’umuryango uhuriwemo n’impande nyinshi, ari nayo menshi Global Fund ibashije gukusanya kuva yashingwa. Azashorwa mu bikorwa byitezweho kurokora ubuzima bw’abantu miliyoni 16, no gushyira iherezo ku ndwara za Sida, Igituntu na Malaria bitarenze umwaka wa 2030.

Iyo nama yayobowe na Perezida w’u Bufaransa, Emmanuel Macron, wabanje gusaba ibihugu, ibigo n’imiryango kongera imisanzu yabyo nibura ho 15%, kugira ngo haboneke miliyari $14 zikenewe, ndetse byemera kuyatanga banarenzaho.

Perezida Macron na Bill Gates, buri umwe yemeye gutanga miliyoni $60 z’inyongera ku yo bari bemeye ndetse n’ibindi bihugu bikomeza kuzamura imisanzu yabyo.

Muri iyi nama Minisitiri Dr Gashumba wari uhagarariye Perezida Paul Kagame, yatangaje ko u Rwanda ruzatanga miliyoni $2.5 mu rugamba rwo kurokora ubuzima bw’abantu miliyoni 16. Ni mu gihe u Rwanda rusanzwe runungukira ku mafaranga ya Global Fund ku ndwara irebaho.

Minisiteri y’Ubuzima ibinyujije kuri Twitter yavuze ko u Rwanda rukomeje kugaragaza ubushake bwarwo “bwo gukorana n’ibindi bihugu bya Afurika mu kwishakamo ingengo y’imari ikenewe mu kurwanya ibyo byorezo bitatu.”

Mu nkunga zemewe, Inteko Ishinga Amategeko ya Leta Zunze Ubumwe za Amerika yemeye miliyari $1.56 buri mwaka (miliyari $4.68 mu myaka itatu) bingana na 33% by’imisanzu yose, naho u Bufaransa bwongereye inkunga yabwo ho 20% igera kuri miliyari €1.296, harimo na miliyoni $60 y’inyongera yemewe na Perezida Macron.

U Bwongereza bwatanze miliyari £1.4 mu myaka itatu bingana n’izamuka rya 16%; u Budage bwemera miliyari €1 bingana n’izamuka rya 17.6%; Canada yemera miliyoni 930 z’amadolari ya Canada bingana n’izamuka rya 16%, Umuryango w’Ubumwe bw’u Burayi miliyoni €550 bingana n’izamuka rya 16%; u Buyapani butanga miliyoni $840.

Abaterankunga bigenga kandi bakusanyije asaga miliyari $1, barangajwe imbere na Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation yemeye miliyoni $760. Hinjiye n’abandi baterankunga bashya barimo Children’s Investment Fund Foundation na Rockefeller Foundation.

Inkunga yakusanyijwe na Global Fund izafasha mu kugoboka ubuzima bw’abagera kuri miliyoni 16 hagati y’umwaka wa 2021 na 2023 no kugabanya umubare w’abahitanwa na Sida, Malaria n’Igituntu ho 52%, bitarenze 2023, ugereranyije n’igipimo byariho mu 2017.

Bibarwa ko umubare w’abo izo ndwara eshatu zihitana uzagabanuka ukagera kuri miliyoni 1.3 mu 2023, bavuye kuri miliyoni 2.5 mu 2017 na miliyoni 4.1 mu 2005. Mu musaruro uzava muri izo nkunga kandi harimo gukumira ubwandu bushya miliyoni 234 kugeza mu 2023.

Ayo mafaranga kandi azanafasha mu kwihutisha kugeza ubuvuzi kuri bose kuko biteganywa mu ntego ya gatatu mu zigamije iterambere rirambye. Bizakorwa binyuze mu gushora nibura miliyari $4 mu kubaka ubushobozi bwo gusuzuma indwara no guhugura abakozi hamwe n’izindi gahunda zifasha umurwayi.

Kuva mu 2002 gahunda za Global Fund zagobotse ubuzima bw’abagera kuri miliyoni 32. Impfu ziterwa n’izo ndwara zagabanutseho 40% kugeza mu 2018. Mu bihugu Glogal Fund ifasha hagaragaye abantu miliyoni 18.9 bafite Virusi itera SIDA, bahabwa imiti igabanya ubukana.

Kuva mu 2003 Global Fund ni umuterankunga wa Leta y’u Rwanda mu bikorwa bitandukanye by’ubuzima birimo ibyo kurwanya SIDA, Malariya n’Igituntu. Habarurwa ko umaze kuhakoresha asaga miliyari $1.38.

Harimo abantu 189,000 bahawe imiti igabanya ubukana bwa Sida babaruwe mu 2018, n’abantu 2900 bavuwe igituntu kugeza mu 2017 mu gihe kugeza mu 2018 ingo 499,652 zaterewe imiti yica imbu.

Mu 2015, Ikigega Global Fund cyagabanyije inkunga cyahaga bimwe mu bihugu byiganjemo ibyo muri Afurika kuko ngo cyasubiyemo uburyo bw’imitangire yazo.

By’umwihariko ku Rwanda, Global Fund yafashe icyemezo cyo kugabanya amafaranga yatangaga mu kurwanya icyorezo cya Sida ho 42%, imwe mu mpamvu ikaba ari uko mu myaka icumi Sida yagabanutse ikagera kuri 3% kandi hakaba nta bimenyetso byo kwiyongera bihari.

Global Fund ikorera mu bihugu 100 byo ku Isi. Muri Gicurasi nibwo Umunyarwanda Dr Donald Kaberuka yemejwe nk’Umuyobozi w’Inama y’Ubutegetsi yayo.

Ibyishimo byari byose nyuma yo gushyiraho agahigo ko gukusanya miliyari $14 azakoreshwa na Global Fund kugeza mu 2023

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