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Miliyari 80 Frw zigiye gushorwa mu mishinga yo gufasha impunzi kwibona muri gahunda z’u Rwanda

Yanditswe na Iradukunda Serge
Kuya 2 Ukuboza 2021 saa 04:18
Yasuwe :

Minisiteri y’Ibikorwa by’Ubutabazi yatangaje ko hagiye gushorwa miliyoni 80$, arenga miliyari 80 Frw, mu kubakira impunzi n’abaturage baturanye na zo ibikorwaremezo nk’amashuri, amavuriro n’imiyoboro y’amazi, mu rwego rwo kuzifasha kwibona muri gahunda z’igihugu.

Ni umushinga uzakorwa ku nkunga ya Banki y’Isi, ukazagera mu turere dutandukanye turimo inkambi zakira impunzi.

Kugeza ubu u Rwanda rucumbikiye impunzi zisaga ibihumbi 127, ziganjemo izikomoka muri Repubulika Iharanira Demokarasi ya Congo, u Burundi, Eritrea, Ethiopia na Sudani.

Bitandukanye na mbere, aho impunzi zagenerwaga inkunga zo kuzitunga buri munsi, u Rwanda ku bufatanye n’Ishami ry’Umuryango w’Abibumbye ryita ku Mpunzi, UNHCR rwatangije gahunda zo gufasha impunzi kwibona muri gahunda z’ibihugu ku buryo zabasha no gukora imirimo itandukanye yatuma zibeshaho.

Kugira ngo impunzi zibashe kugera kuri ibi hari ibyo zigomba gufashwa birimo koroherezwa kwiga, kwivuza no guhabwa ibyangombwa no kuzifasha kugira uburenganzira ku mitungo n’ibindi.

Ubwo yari Nama Mpuzamahanga yiga ku kibazo cy’ubuhunzi ku Mugabane wa Afurika izwi nka ‘36 Million Solutions: Africa Private Sector Forum on Forced Displacement’, Minisitiri w’Ibikorwa by’Ubutabazi, Kayisire Marie Solange, yagaragaje ko hari byinshi u Rwanda rumaze gukora mu kwesa uyu muhigo wo gufasha impunzi kwibona muri gahunda z’igihugu.

Minisitiri Kayisire yagaragaje ko hashize imyaka irenga 10 u Rwanda ruha ikaze impunzi zitandukanye.

Ati “Hashize imyaka isaga 10 u Rwanda rwakira impunzi zibarirwa mu bihumbi, aho babanye amahoro n’imiryango yabakiriye. Kuri ubu dufite impunzi ibihumbi 127 zaturutse mu bihugu bitandukanye, Abanye-Congo ni bo benshi bangana na 61%. Abarundi bangana na 38%, abandi batageze kuri 1% baturutse mu bindi bihugu birimo Eritrea, Sudani, Somalia na Ethiopie.”

Yakomeje avuga ko mu gufasha izi mpunzi, u Rwanda rwashyizeho amategeko na politiki bizirengera, aho ubu inyinshi zafashijwe kwiga kwivuza n’ibindi.

Ati “U Rwanda rwashyizeho amategeko n’imirongo ya politike igamije kurinda no gufasha impunzi. Impunzi zafashijwe kwiga kaminuza binyuze muri buruse zitangwa ku bufatanye n’abafatanyabikorwa batandukanye. Kugeza uyu munsi impunzi zirenga 2000 zimaze gusoza amasomo yazo muri kaminuza zitandukanye, bamwe babonye akazi abandi baragahanga abandi barenga 500 barakiga muri izi kaminuza.”

Ku bijyanye na gahunda z’ubuzima yavuze ko impunzi ubu zinjijwe mu y’ubwisungane mu kwivuza kandi ko zitajya zicikwa n’izindi gahunda zo muri uru rwego zirimo n’izijyanye no gukingira.

Ati “Impunzi zo mu Rwanda zashyizwe muri gahunda y’igihugu y’ubuzima ndetse izituye mu mijyi by’umwihariko zifite ubwisungane mu kwivuza. Mu gihe cya COVID-19, impunzi zashyizwe muri gahunda yo kuyirwanya. Kugeza uyu munsi izirenga 50% mu zarebwaga na gahunda yo gukingira zarakingiwe kandi urugendo ruracyakomeje.”

“Nashakaga kandi kuvuga ko mu murongo wo kurandura hepatite bitarenze 2024, 78% by’impunzi zifite imyaka 15 gusubiza hejuru bapimwe, abayisanganywe baravurwa abandi barakingirwa.”

Kimwe mu bintu byakundaga kugora abahungiye mu Rwanda ni ukubona ibyangombwa bibafasha kugera kuri serivisi z’imari cyangwa gutangira ibikorwa by’ubucuruzi.

Binyuze muri iyi gahunda yo gufasha impunzi kwibona muri gahunda z’igihugu, Minisitiri Kayisire yavuze ko ubu impunzi zishobora no kubona indangamuntu, izifasha kwitangiriza ibikorwa by’ubucuruzi.

Ati “Mu bijyanye no kubafasha kugera kuri serivisi z’imari n’uburenganzira bwo gutangiza ibikorwa by’ubucuruzi n’amakoperative ndetse n’uburenganzira ku mitungo itimukanwa. Impunzi zujuje ibisabwa zihabwa indangamuntu ndetse n’icyangomba kibafasha kubona akazi, impushya zo gutwara ibinyabiziga, kwandikisha ibikorwa bishya by’ubucuruzi mu Rwanda ariko no kubasha kugura imitungo itimukanwa.”

Hagiye gushorwa miliyari 80 Frw

Mu rwego rwo gukomeza kugeza ibikorwaremezo ku mpunzi no kuzifasha kwinjira muri gahunda z’igihugu, Minisitiri Kayisire yavuze ko hari umushinga w’asaga miliyari 80 Frw ugiye gutangira.

Ati “Nashakaga kubabwira ko mu Rwanda twabonye umushinga wa miliyoni 80$ watewe inkunga na Banki y’Isi ugamije gufasha impunzi kwibona muri gahunda z’imibereho y’igihugu.”

“Uyu mushinga ugamije kunoza gahunda zo kugeza serivisi z’ibanze, amahirwe mu by’ubukungu ku mpunzi n’abaturage b’aho ziri no mu gufasha kubungabunga ibidukikije mu mpunzi.”

Biteganyijwe ko muri uyu mushinga hazubakwa ibyumba by’amashuri 250 n’ibigo by’amashuri bitanu bizajya byigisha amasomo ajyanye n’ubumenyingiro.

Binyuze muri uyu mushinga hazubakwa kandi havugururwe ibigo nderabuzima bine n’ibitaro biri ku rwego rw’akarere bine. Aya mafaranga azakoreshwa kandi mu kubaka umuyoboro w’amazi ufite kilometero 62 n’amasoko ane agezweho, azafasha impunzi kubona aho zicururiza ibyo zikora.

Umuyobozi wa UNHCR muri Afurika y’Iburasirazuba, mu Karere k’Ibiyaga Bigari no mu bihugu byo mu Ihembe rya Afurika, Clementine Nkweta-Salami, yavuze ko mu myaka 10 ishize umubare w’abava mu byabo n’impunzi warushijeho kwiyongera.

Iki kibazo kigaragara muri Centrafrique, Sudani y’Epfo, u Burundi n’Amajyaruguru ya Mozambique.

Yavuze ko ibihugu bya Afurika bikwiye kubona impunzi nk’amahirwe y’ishoramari kuruta uko bazifata nk’umutwaro. Yashimye u Rwanda kubera ko rwatangiye gutera intambwe, asaba abikorera gufatanya n’imiryango na Guverinoma z’ibihugu mu gufasha impunzi n’abavuye mu byabo.

Imibare ya UNHCR igaragaza ko umubare w’impunzi n’abava mu byabo ukomeje kwiyongera by’umwihariko muri Afurika yo Munsi y’Ubutayu bwa Sahara. Iyi mibare yerekana ko mu 2020 umubare w’abantu bavuye mu byabo muri Afurika yo Munsi y’Ubutayu bwa Sahara wageze kuri miliyoni 35.9 bangana na 45% by’impunzi zose ziri ku Isi.

Minisitiri w’Ibikorwa by’Ubutabazi, Kayisire Marie Solange, yavuze ko u Rwanda ruharanira imibereho myiza y'impunzi

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