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Itegeko rishya rigenga ubutaka ryakubise umwotso ku bibazo byatakishaga abaturage

Yanditswe na Kanamugire Emmanuel
Kuya 15 Kamena 2021 saa 01:01
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Itegeko ryo ku wa 10/6/2021 rigenga ubutaka mu Rwanda, rigaragaramo impinduka ku ngingo zimwe na zimwe abaturage bakunze kugaragaza ko zibangamiye imikoreshereze yabwo by’umwihariko ubwagenewe ubuhinzi, ubworozi n’amashyamba.

Ni itegeko ryasimbuye iryagiyeho mu 2013, ryari ririmo imbogamizi ku bijyanye no kwandikisha ubutaka nk’ikimenyetso ntashidikanywaho cy’uburenganzira kuri bwo, no kubuhererekanya nk’uko abaturage bagiye babigaragaza hirya no hino mu gihugu.

Ubutaka buhererekanywa binyuze mu izungura, impano, irage, ikodeshwa, iyatisha, ingurane, gutangwaho ingwate, gutizwa n’ubundi buryo rimwe na rimwe bikaba bisaba ko bugabanywamo ibice.

Nyamara mu itegeko no 43/2013 ryo ku wa 16/6/2013 byari bibujijwe ko ubutaka bugenewe ubuhinzi, ubworozi n’amashyamba bugabanywamo ibice bifite munsi ya hegitari imwe.

Mu itegeko rishya iri gabanywa riremewe nubwo ubuso bwasigara buri munsi y’ibyo bipimo.

Mbere byaberaga imbogamizi abafite ubutaka buto bigatuma batabasha kububyaza umusaruro mu buryo butandukanye no kubutangaho ingwate kuko nta byangombwa byabwo bafite nk’uko byatangajwe na bamwe mu baturage baganiriye na RBA.

Umwe yagize ati “Nari mfite ubutaka buto none ngiye kubona ibyangombwa ntafite umuntu mbifatanyije na we. Umuntu yagusoreraga ukamusubiza amafaranga ukanarenzaho none bakemuye ibibazo byinshi birimo n’iby’imbago aho rimwe na rimwe wasangaga umuntu yakwimuriye imbago yitwaje ko ari we ufite icyangombwa. Birashimishije kuko ufite ubutaka buto nta buryo yashoboraga gusaba inguzanyo muri banki.”

Nubwo kugabanya ubutaka buto byemewe ngo nta burenganzira nyirabwo azaba afite bwo kubukoresha binyuranye n’ibiteganywa mu gishushanyo mbonera cy’aho buherereye.

Urugero niba ubutaka bukorerwaho ubuhinzi kubugabanya ntibivuze ko uzaba wemerewe no gutakamo ibibanza mu gihe cyose ubuwo butaka butagenewe guturwaho.

Ibijyanye no guhererekanya uburenganzira ku butaka na byo byarorohejwe. Mu gihe itegeko rya mbere ryateganyaga ko umuntu wanditse ku cyangombwa ari we wemerewe gusinya, itegeko rishya rivuga ko n’utanditse ku cyangombwa aba agomba gushyira umukono ku masezerano yo guhererekanya uburenganzira ku butaka.

Ingingo ya 22 igira iti “Ihererekanya ry’uburenganzira ku butaka, mbere y’uko rikorwa, ryemezwa n’abanditse ku nyandikompamo z’ubutaka bose. Icyakora, ihererekanya ry’uburenganzira ku butaka abashyingiranywe bahuriyeho, ryemezwa n’abashyingiranywe bombi n’iyo umwe muri bo yaba atanditse ku nyandikompamo z’ubutaka”

Ibibazo by’amakimbirane afitanye isano n’imbibi byimuriwe mu Kigo Gishinzwe Imicungire n’Imikoreshereze y’butaka (RLMUA) nk’urwego ruzaba rushinzwe kuyakemura mu gihe byajyaga bijya mu nkiko.

Umuyobozi w’iki kigo, Mukamana Espérance, yabwiye itangazamakuru ko bizafasha abaturage kureka gusiragira mu nkiko aho wasangaga byarabaye byinshi.

Ni mu gihe ariko iki kigo cyanenzwe n’Umugenzuzi Mukuru w’Imari ya Leta muri raporo ya 2019/2020 ko amakosa y’imbibi mu byangombwa by’ubutaka ateye inkeke ariko ubuyobozi bwacyo bukavuga ko byaterwaga n’ibikoresho byifashishwaga mu gupima ubutaka bifite ubushobozi buke, none ubu kikaba cyarabonye ibya kabuhariwe.

Izindi mpinduka ziboneka mu bijyanye n’inkondabutaka (uburyo bwo gutunga ubutaka bushingiye ku masezerano leta igirana n’umuntu imuha uburenganzira busesuye kandi bwa burundu), aho yagabanyijwe ikagera kuri hegitari ebyiri mu gihe itegeko rya mbere ryagenaga hegitari eshanu ku muntu.

Ku rundi ruhande, itegeko rishya rigena ko ubutaka umuntu yarazwe, yazunguye, yaguze, yahawe nk’impano, ingurane, ubwo akomora ku isaranganya cyangwa yahawe n’ubuyobozi bubifitiye ububasha, abutunga mu buryo bw’ubukode burambye cyangwa inkondabutaka.

Icyo gihe cy’ubukode burambye bw’ubutaka kikaba cyiyongereye ariko kitagomba kurenza imyaka 99 aho ku munyarwanda kikazajya cyongerwa atagombye kubisaba.

Itegeko no 27/2021 ryo ku wa 10/6/2021 rigena uburyo bwo kubona ubutaka, kubwandikisha, kubutanga, kubuhererekanya, kubucunga no kubukoresha risimbuye iryari risanzwe ryo mu 2013, rikaba ryaratangiye gukurikizwa.

Itegeko rishya rigenga ubutaka mu Rwanda ryitezweho gukemura amakimbirane ashingiye ku mbibi n'ibindi bibazo byabangamiraga imikoreshereze yabwo mu buryo busesuye

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