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Imbamutima z’abanyeshuri n’abarimu ku kwiga hifashishijwe ikoranabuhanga muri za Kaminuza

Yanditswe na Dufitumukiza Salathiel
Kuya 8 Gicurasi 2021 saa 01:14
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COVID-19 yagaragaye mu Rwanda bwa mbere ku wa 14 Werurwe 2020, bucya amashuri afunga imiryango abanyeshuri basubizwa mu ngo. Abo mu yisumbuye n’abanza bagenewe amasomo yanyuzwaga kuri radio na televiziyo, naho za kaminuza zikoresha iyakure (online) aho abanyeshuri na mwarimu bahuzwa n’ikoranabuhanga bagakomeza amasomo.

Ni uburyo bwabanje gutonda zimwe muri kaminuza zari zibukoresheje bwa mbere ariko hari izari zinasanzwe zibukoresha n’ubwo butahabwaga umwanya munini kuko butari bukenewe cyane nk’ubu.

Kuba nta muntu wari uzi ngo icyorezo kizacogora igihe iki n’iki dore ko nta n’urukingo rwari rwakemejwe, byasaga n’aho nta mahitamo yari ahari ahubwo ari bwo buryo bwonyine bwo gukomeza amasomo.

Kaminuza zabwinjijemo abanyeshuri bazo, ababibonye bwa mbere birabagora ariko baremera kuko ntawifuzaga kuzamara imyaka ibiri yiga umwaka w’amashuri umwe.

Mu kiganiro IGIHE yagiranye n’abarimu bo muri za kaminuza zitandukanye, bavuze ko nyuma y’igihe bamaze bakoresha ikoranabuhanga mu myigishirize yabo, basanze ari ryiza cyane ndetse bifuza ko ryazakomeza kwimakazwa na nyuma y’icyorezo.

Abanyeshuri na bo bari muri uwo mujyo wemeza ubwiza bwo kwiga hifashishijwe ikoranabuhanga, gusa bongeraho ko hari na bagenzi babo byatumye baba abanebwe ntibakoreshe imbaraga zikwiye mu myigire yabo.

Umwarimu muri Kaminuza y’u Rwanda mu Ishami ry’Uburezi uri mu bakoresha ikoranabuhanga bigisha, Bizimana Barthélémy, yavuze ko abona ari uburyo bwiza.

Ati “Kwiga n’ikoranabuhanga byaje gukemura ikibazo cyo kugira igihe n’ahantu higirwa bipimye. Ubu ahantu bashobora kwigira aho bari hose n’igihe icyo ari cyo cyose.”

Bijyanye n’ibihe Isi irimo by’icyorezo, umwarimu muri Kaminuza ya UTB, Kahigana Innocent, we yavuze ko n’ubundi nta kundi gukomeza amasomo byari gukorwa hatifashishijwe ikoranabuhanga mu kwirinda ko abanyeshuri n’abarimu bakwirakwiza icyorezo.

Ati “Twabitangije kubera ikibazo cyari kivutse. Kandi wasangaga icyo kibazo nta bundi buryo wagerageza guhangana nacyo udakoresheje kwigisha Online.”

Yakomeje avuga ko bitari kubura abo bigora n’abatabyishimira kuko ari ubwa mbere, ati “ariko ni uburyo bwiza bunajyanye n’umurongo wa Leta yacu”.

Abanyeshuri bo ubwo buryo babuvuga imyato

Nubwo hari abarimu banyuzwe no gukoresha ikoranabuhanga mu myigishirize yabo, abanyeshuri ba za kaminuza bo byabaye akarusho kuko bari banahangayikishijwe no kubona amanota.

Mu baganiye na IGIHE barimo abo muri UTB na UNILAK bavuze ko ubwo buryo bwababereye igisubizo ku bijyanye n’amanota.

Umwe muri bo wiga mu mwaka wa kabiri muri UNILAK yagize ati “Online ibintu biba ari byoroshye.”

Umunyamakuru yaganiriye nabo asanze bitegura gukora isuzumabumenyi rizwi nka “CAT” umwe akabwira undi ko yareka “gupanika [kwinaniza]” kuko azakora vuba vuba maze akamwereka ibisubizo bikwiye nawe akabyandukura ubundi amanota akaboneka.

Mu itangwa ry’amasuzuma, bitewe n’uburyo umwarimu runaka akoresha hari aho umunyeshuri amara gusubiza bakamwereka niba igisubizo atanze ari cyo cyangwa atari cyo, ndetse bakamwereka icyari gikwiye mu gihe atabikoze. Ubwo iyo byerekanywe birumvikana ko abatari bakora babona ibyo bari busubize, ari nayo mpamvu amanota bayabona uko babyifuza.

Soma (izina yahimbwe) wiga muri UTB we yavuze ko uretse kuba ubwo buryo buborohereza kubona amanota, bunatuma biga “nta gitutu” kuko wiga ubishaka.

Ati “Njyewe icyo mbikundira ni uko bitagutesha umutwe. Iyo byakunaniye biba byakunaniye.”

Ku rundi ruhande, hari abanyeshuri ba UR n’abo muri INES Ruhengeri batangaje ko kwiga n’ikoranabuhanga muri kaminuza ari byiza ariko bitakoreshwa byonyine kuko “hari abo bitera ubunebwe” ugasanga ntibitabira amasomo uko bikwiye. Ibi bitera impungenge ko hari abashobora kurangiza badafite ubumenyi bakabaye bafite.

Igizeneza Jean Désiré wiga Itangazamakuru mu mwaka wa kabiri muri UR, yagize ati “Ushobora kurangazwa n’ibindi bitari amasomo bityo ntubone uko uyakurikirana […] Hari n’abagira amanota menshi iyo twize n’ikoranabuhanga biturutse ku kuba iyo dukoze CAT bahamagara bagenzi babo bakabasubiriza ibyabananiye.”

Kuri Igizeneza ngo abo ntibaba bize neza mu by’ukuri, ariko bikarangira babonye amanota yatsinze.

Ingingo nk’iyo ayihurizaho na Uwiragiye Evode bigana, wagize ati “Kwiga hifashishijwe ikoranabuhanga ntibikwiye kwirengagizwa ariko kwiga imbere ya mwarimu ni byo bituma ngira amanota meza kandi nkanabaza.”

Birumvikana ko kwifuza kwiga imbere ya mwarimu bitahora bishoboka nubwo ari byiza ku banyeshuri nka Igizeneza babifata nk’amahirwe yo “kwisanzura kuri mwarimu” ugasobanuza ibyo utumva kugeza unyuzwe, ariko gukorera amasuzumabumenyi muri ubwo buryo biteje inkeke.

Nikuze Valentine wiga muri INES Ruhengeri asanga kuba ikoranabuhanga ryakoreshwa mu myigire ya kaminuza bikwiye, ariko “bikaba nka 30%”.

Ati “[Njye] nahitamo kwiga imbere ya mwarimu ku gipimo cya 70%, ubundi nkiga n’ikoranabuhanga.”

Uretse ibi bitekerezo by’abanyeshuri banga kwitabira uko bikwiye abandi bagashinjwa gukopera no kubazanya bibahesha amanota badakwiye, ibibazo bya internet n’ibikoresho bidahagije ku banyeshuri biracyari imbogamizi.

Umwe mu barimu bigisha muri UTB utashatse gutangazwa amazina yagize ati “Ubu buryo nibumara kumenyerwa buzaba bwiza kurushaho, ariko abanyeshuri baracyagaragaza imbogamizi za internet n’ibikoresho nka mudasobwa bibafasha kwiga neza.”

Hari abagaragaje ko nubwo umwaka ushize bakoresha ubwo buryo bagihura n’ibibazo by’amafaranga yo kugura internet, mu gihe hari n’abatabona mudasobwa cyangwa telefoni zigezweho zo kwigiraho.

Ibyo bibazo byagiye binaba urwitwazo kuri ba bandi badashaka kwitabira amasomo uko bikwiye, “akabeshya mwarimu ko yabuze internet cyangwa mudasobwa” kuko azi ko batari kumwe ngo amunyomoze.

Abarimu basaba abanyeshuri kwitabira uko bikwiye amasomo atangwa hifashishijwe ikoranabuhnaga, kuko bizabamenyereza kujyana n’ibigezweho nyuma y’ubumenyi busanzwe bwo mu ishuri.

Kubazanya kw’abanyeshuri ni cyo abarimu baba bagamije

Impungenge za bamwe mu banyeshuri zumvikanye banenga uko amasuzuma y’abanyeshuri ba za kaminuza akorwa hifashishijwe ikoranabuhanga, zishingira akenshi ku kuba bashobora kubazanya basubiza, “bigahesha bamwe amanota badakwiye”.

Banenga ko kandi umwe ashobora kuba yasubiriza undi, ibintu bishobora gutuma byarangira bavuye ku ishuri badafite ubumenyi bakabaye bafite.

Ibyo Bizimana avuga ko atari byo, kuko “iryo suzuma ritangwa hatagenderewe amanota ahubwo hagamijwe kongera ubumenyi”.

Yagize ”Twebwe iyo dutanga isuzuma tuba dushaka ko umunyeshuri asobanukirwa neza ibyo twabajije, bikarangira abimenye. We mu mutwe aba azi ko akorera amanota, ariko twe kwa kuba ikibazo kimunaniye akabaza mugenzi we cyangwa agashaka ahandi hantu hamufasha kubisubiza, twishimira ko birangira iyo ngingo twashakaga ayisobanukiwe.”

“Ni yo mpamvu ibizamini tutabibaha muri buriya buryo kuko byo tuba dushaka ko bakorera amanota. Naho ririya suzuma ni ubumenyi tuba tugamije ko bagira. Hari n’ubwo umunyeshuri tumuha amahirwe agakora rimwe, agasubiramo bwa kabiri yikosora, cyangwa agakora n’ubwa gatatu. Twe tugena niba tumuha ayo yabonye bwa mbere cyangwa tukayateranya yose tukagabanya inshuro yagerageje, ariko icyo tuba tugamije ni uko yamenya neza ibyo twabajije.”

Kahigana Innocent we yavuze ko gukorana kw’abanyeshuri ba kaminuza mu gihe cy’isuzuma rikorwa hifashishijwe ikoranabuhanga “byakwitwa gukopera bitewe n’icyo uwabajije ashaka”.

Ati “Aho Isi igeze ni igihe cyo guha umuntu amahirwe yo kujya gushakisha ibyo atazi, ntabwo bikiri cya gihe cyo guhereza umuntu ibyo uzi.”

Kagemana Gaston wigisha muri UNILAK nawe arabyumva atyo. Yagize ati “Hari uburyo bw’ibibazo umwarimu aba akeneye ko umunyeshuri abyumva; ku buryo n’iyo abanyeshuri bose bakwicara mu ishuri bakabazanya wowe nka mwarimu ugera ku cyo ushaka.”

Icyakora bamwe mu barimu banavuze ko mu gihe ayo masuzuma yaba akorwa hagamijwe amanota y’umunyeshuri, akwiye gutangwa mu buryo bwateguwe, “hakagenwa igihe ntarengwa cyo kuyakoramo kandi ibibazo ntibize bitondetse kimwe ku banyeshuri bose bari kurikora.”

Kagemana yakomeje ati “Niba ikibazo wakigeneye umunota umwe, kugira ngo umunyeshuri akore icye ajye gukora n’icy’abandi biragoye cyane.”

Yavuze ko mu gihe mwarimu ashaka ko umunyeshuri abona amanota kandi ajyanye n’urwego rwe, yashyiraho igihe ntarengwa ku buryo abanyeshuri batangirira rimwe bakanasoreza rimwe, kandi ikibazo kikagenerwa igihe gito.

Kugeza ubu ikoranabuhanga ryifashishwa mu kwigisha no gutanga amasuzumabumenyi muri za kaminuza, ariko kurikoresha hakorwa ibizamini ntibiratangira.

Abarimu batangarije IGIHE ko mu gihe byaba bibaye ngombwa ko n’ibizamini bitangwa muri ubwo buryo, “hakwitabazwa ikoranabuhanga riteye imbere kurusha irihari ubu” ku buryo buri munyeshuri aba afite camera imugenzura aho ari. Ibimukikije n’ibyo ari gukora byose mwarimu aba abasha kubibona, kandi ikoranabuhanga ari gukoreramo ikizamini rikamuzitira gukoresha izindi mbuga za internet nka Google zatuma akopera.

Ikoranabuhanga mu myigire ni ryo rihanzwe amaso muri bihe Isi yugarijwe n'icyorezo cya Covid-19

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