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Igitabo cya Wrong cyabereye Kampala inkota y’amugi abiri

Yanditswe na Albert Rudatsimburwa
Kuya 18 Mata 2021 saa 01:12
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Ubutegetsi bwa Kampala bubura ayo bucura n’ayo bumira iyo bigeze ku gitabo cya Michela Wrong. Ibimenyetso byose byerekana ko bwagize uruhare mu iyandikwa ryacyo; kuva ku gitekerezo cy’igitabo ndetse n’inkunga yatumye cyandikwa, byose byaturutse mu buyobozi bukuru bwa Kampala.

Gusa ku rundi ruhande, ubutegetsi bwa Kampala bwisanze mu mwanya utari mwiza, aho busabwa gufata icyemezo kigoye cyo gushyigikira no kwamamaza iki gitabo, cyangwa se bakabyihorera.

Mu cyumweru gishize, kuwa 15 Mata, ikinyamakuru cya Leta ya Uganda, The New Vision, cyatangaje inkuru yari ifite umutwe ugira uti “Michela Wrong yibeshye ku Banyarwanda bari muri NRA”. Ni inkuru yari ifite intego yo gutesha agaciro igitabo cya Michela, cyane cyane ku ngingo y’uruhare Abanyarwanda bagize mu ntambara yatangiye mu 1981, ikarangira muri Mutarama 1986, imaze kugeza Perezida Museveni ku butegetsi.

Mu gitabo cye, Wrong agaragaza Abanyarwanda muri NRA, nk’inkingi ya mwamba yatumye urugamba rwo kubohora Uganda rugera ku ntego zarwo, ndetse no guha Museveni, ugaragazwa nk’uwari ubashingiyeho mu buryo bwa gisirikare, ubutegetsi akiriho magingo aya.

Inkuru ya The New Vision rero igaragaza iki gice cy’igitabo nk’aho ari cyo cyonyine kitari ukuri. Bisa nk’aho abayobozi ba Uganda baraye amajoro bibaza kuri iki gice cy’igitabo, urebye n’uburyo bagerageje kwerekana ko atari Abanyarwanda.

Uruhare rw’Abanyarwanda muri NRA rurazwi neza, ndetse kwandika amazina kugira ugaragaze ko umuntu ari Umunyarwanda, Umugande, Umusoga cyangwa Umunyankole ni ubujiji. Nk’urugero, hari amajwi yafashwe y’aho Museveni avuga ko yatunguwe n’uko benshi mu basirikare bavuye muri Uganda bagatera u Rwanda mu Ukwakira 1990 bari Abanyarwanda.

Hari nk’aho avuga ko yatunguwe no kumva ko abantu nka Gen Sam Kaka, wari ukuriye ingabo za APR, yari Umugande, cyangwa ko Col. Adam Waswa waguye ku rugamba mu Mutara yari Umunyarwanda. Niba rero na Museveni ubwe yitiranya Abanyarwanda n’Abagande, ni inde noneho wavuga ko azi umwirondoro w’abasirikare bari muri NRA? Bivuze rero ko n’urwo rutonde rw’abasirikare ba nyabo b’Abagande rutakwizerwa.

Ubwo yari akubutse mu nama y’Umuryango w’Abibumbye mu 1990, ingabo za FPR zamaze gutera igihugu, yaragize ati “Mu buryo bwose, ntitwamenye ko bariya basirikare bari Abanyarwanda, kuko bakundaga guhisha umwirondoro wabo”.

Yongeyeho ati “Ndifuza kubisobanura neza rwose ko tutari tuzi ko bariya barwanyi bazava mu gisirikare, ndetse ntitunabatera inkunga”.

N’ubwo Museveni avuga atyo ariko, muri rusange Abanyarwanda n’Abagande bagiye bashyingirana bitewe no gusuhuka cyangwa kwimukira mu kindi gice, kuva mu bihe by’ubukoloni mu myaka ya za 1930, ku buryo byigeze gutuma umujyanama wa Museveni mu bya politiki, David Mafabi, yandika ko bigoye cyane kuba wabona umuryango w’Abagande udafite mwene wabo w’Umunyarwanda.

Ikindi kandi, bitewe no kumara imyaka myinshi batotezwa, Abanyarwanda muri Uganda bakunze guhindura inkomoko yabo kugira ngo bigire nk’Abagande, ndetse abenshi baracyanafite uwo mwirondoro bihaye kugeza ubu. Uramutse unitegereje neza, usanga benshi muri abo Banyarwanda bahinduye umwirondoro wabo, baragiye muri NRA kugira ngo bahunge iryo hohoterwa.

Perezida Museveni na we ubwe yahuye n’iri hohoterwa. Mu 1980, ubwo yiyamamarizaga umwanya mu Nteko Ishinga Amategeko ahagarariye agace ka Mbarara, yasebejwe n’abataravugaga rumwe nawe bamusabaga kwerekana imva ya ba sekuru nk’ikimenyetso cy’uko ari Umugande.

Si ibanga kandi ko kugeza magingo aya, hakiri Abagande benshi batekereza ko Museveni ari umwe muri za miliyoni z’Abanyarwanda bahinduye inkomoko yabo. Mu gihe cy’urugamba rwa NRA, Perezida Obote yabwiye BBC ko Museveni ari impunzi.

Biteye agahinda rero kuba ingengabitekerezo yatumye Abanyarwanda bameneshwa bakanahohoterwa muri Uganda igikomeje na magingo aya, ndetse kugeza ubwo bamwe mu bagizweho ingaruka n’iyo ngengabitekerezo ari bo bayikoresha kandi mu guhohotera Abanyarwanda, binyuze mu kubafunga ntacyo bashinjwa, kubakorera iyicarubozo ndetse no kubirukana mu gihugu.

Ahagana muri za 1980, Obote na we yirukanye abantu benshi yaketse ko bari Abanyarwanda, barimo na bamwe bumvaga ko mu by’ukuri babashije kwihindura Abagande burundu.

Mu mateka ya Uganda, abantu bose bakoresheje itsinda ry’abandi bantu barimo n’Abanyarwanda, nk’igikoresho cya politiki gikwiriye ingamba zikomeye, babikoze bamaze kubura ibitekerezo byo kuyobora igihugu. Ni politiki iciriritse cyane itakabaye ibarizwa mu kinyejana cya 21.

Tugarutse ku gitabo cya Michela Wrong, biratangaje kuba inzego z’ubuyobozi muri Uganda zibifata nk’ibintu bitumvikana kuba umwanditsi yaravuze ko Museveni atari bugere ku butegetsi bitagizwemo uruhare rufatika n’Abanyarwanda.

Kuba se bari “Indwanyi zitava ku izima muri NRA”, nk’uko Wrong abivuga, abayobozi ba Kampala bari kugorwa no kubihakana, gusa ibyo biganiro mpaka ni ibyabo birabareba, kuko n’ubundi indwanyi zitava ku izima zirangwa no kuvuga make, zigashyira imbaraga nyinshi mu bikorwa kurusha amagambo.

Nk’uko Andrew Mwenda yabyanditse, igitabo cya Wrong ni ikinyoma kidakwiye no kwibazwaho. Ariko nanone, nta wabura kuvuga ko n’isaha yapfuye iba iri ku gihe inshuro ebyiri ku munsi. Umuntu rero ntiyabura kuvuga ko hari ingingo nk’ebyiri cyangwa eshatu ziri mu gitabo, zerekana neza nyine ko Abanyarwanda ari abarwanyi batava ku izima, bakomeye kandi badatsindwa.

Uganda yateye inkunga iyandikwa ry'igitabo cya Michela Wrong

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