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Ibyo wamenya ku itegeko rishya ryo kurinda amakuru n’imibereho bwite by’umuntu mu Rwanda

Yanditswe na Kanamugire Emmanuel
Kuya 26 Ukwakira 2021 saa 09:28
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Mu gihe iterambere rirushaho gukataza mu rwego rw’ikoranabuhanga n’ubucuruzi ndengamipaka, ni ngombwa ko ibihugu bishyiraho amategeko yerekeye kurinda amakuru bwite n’imibereho bwite by’umuntu.

Mu Rwanda itegeko nk’iri ryasohotse mu igazeti ya Leta ku wa 15 Ukwakira 2021.

Rigamije gufasha mu gusobanukirwa imikorere ikwiye no guha ibigo bito n’ibiciriritse kugira uburyo bunoze bw’imicungire y’amakuru bufasha guteza imbere ihangwa ry’udushya n’ihererekanya ry’amakuru ku buryo ndengamipaka.

Iri tegeko risobanura ko amakuru bwite ari ayerekeye umuntu ku giti cye uzwi cyangwa ushobora kumenyekana hashingiwe ku kimuranga nk’izina, aho aherereye cyangwa hashingiwe ku kintu kimwe cyangwa byinshi byihariye biranga imiterere y’umubiri we, imitekerereze ye, inkomoko ye, ubuzima bwe bwo mu mutwe, ubukungu, umuco cyangwa imibereho y’uwo muntu ku giti cye.

Ni mu gihe amakuru bwite y’ibanga ari agaragaza isanomuzi y’umuntu, uko ubuzima bwe buhagaze, ko yafunzwe cyangwa atafunzwe, dosiye ye yo kwa muganga, inkomoko ye mu muryango n’imyemerere ye ishingiye ku idini cyangwa ku mitekerereze.

Hari kandi ibitekerezo bye bya politiki, amakuru ndangasano cyangwa ay’imiterere ye, ay’ubuzima bw’imibonano mpuzabitsina cyangwa umwirondoro w’umuryango.

Uburenganzira bwa muntu bugena ko ayo makuru adashobora gukusanywa, kubikwa no gutunganywa nyir’ubwite atabanje kubyiyemerera ku buryo butarimo urujijo.

Minisiteri y’Ikoranabuhanga na Inovasiyo ivuga ko kuba iri tegeko ryarashyizweho, byatumye u Rwanda rwubahiriza ibipimo mpuzamahanga ngenderwaho mu kurinda amakuru bwite, bifatwa nk’umusingi w’ubukungu bushingiye ku ikoranabuhanga muri iki gihe.

Iyi Minisiteri yavuze ko rigamije guha abaturage ububasha ku birebana n’amakuru bwite yabo, kwimakaza ikwirakwizwa ry’amakuru mu buryo bwizewe kandi bufite umutekano, haba mu gihugu cyangwa mu mahanga.

Minisitiri w’Ikoranabuhanga na Inovasiyo, Paula Ingabire, yavuze ko umuvuduko w’impinduka mu by’ikoranabuhanga ugaragara muri iki gihe, haba mu bigo bya Leta n’iby’abikorera, usaba ingamba zihoraho kandi zihuriweho mu rwego rwo kurinda amakuru.

Ati “Iri tegeko ni umusingi wo kubakiraho mu guhindura u Rwanda sosiyete yubakiye ku mutekano w’amakuru, hakorwa ku buryo abafatanyabikorwa b’ingenzi bose, uhereye ku bigo bya Leta, baba icyitegererezo mu kurinda amakuru bwite n’imibereho bwite by’umuntu.”

Kutubahiriza amategeko arengera amakuru bwite, haba mu Rwanda cyangwa ku rwego mpuzamahanga, bishobora kubangamira ibigo biri mu Rwanda bigatuma bidahabwa umwanya mu bikorwa by’ubucuruzi ndengamipaka ndetse bikanatuma habaho kwisubiraho ku bashoramari b’abanyamahanga bifuza gushora imari mu bigo biri mu Rwanda.

Umuyobozi Mukuru w’Ikigo C4IR Rwanda gifatanya n’Ihuriro ry’Ubukungu ku Isi (World Economic Forum) mu miyoborere y’Ikoranabuhanga, Crystal Rugege, yagize ati “Iri tegeko ni intambwe ikomeye u Rwanda ruteye kuko ruzashobora guhangana mu bikorwa by’ubukungu ku isi.”

Yakomeje agira ati “Ni ikintu cy’ingenzi gifasha kugera ku byiza byose byo mu rwego rw’imibereho myiza n’ubukungu dukesha ikoranabuhanga rigezweho nk’ikoranabuhanga rikoresha ubwenge muntu butari karemano (artificial intelligence), riba rishingiye ahanini ku bwinshi bw’amakuru.”

Imibereho bwite by’umuntu ni uburenganzira bw’ibanze bw’umuntu bwo kwemeza undi muntu ushobora kubona amakuru bwite ye, igihe n’ahantu yayabonera, impamvu yayabona, uburyo akoresha ayabona n’uburyo bwakoreshwa kugira ngo agerweho nk’uko bigaragara muri iri tegeko no 058/2021 ryo ku wa 13/10/2021, ryerekeye kurinda amakuru bwite n’imibereho bwite y’umuntu.

Rigena ko amakuru bwite y’umuntu yavogerewe igihe habayeho igikorwa cyo kuvogera umutekano w’amakuru bwite mu buryo bunyuranyije n’amategeko gituma amakuru yangirika, atakara, ahinduka, atangazwa mu buryo butemewe cyangwa abantu bayabona yahererekanyijwe, abitse cyangwa yatunganyijwe mu bundi buryo.

Naho gutunganya amakuru ni igikorwa kimwe cyangwa byinshi bikozwe ku makuru bwite nko kubona, gukusanya, kwandika, kunoza, kubika, guhuza cyangwa guhindura, kumenyesha amakuru yerekeye umuntu ku giti cye ahererekanyijwe, kuyahanahana, kuyagurisha, kubuza imikoreshereze yayo, gusiba cyangwa gusenya n’ibindi.

Itegeko ryerekeye kurinda amakuru bwite n’imibereho bwite by’umuntu warisanga hano

Minisitiri w’Ikoranabuhanga na Inovasiyo, Paula Ingabire, yavuze ko umuvuduko w’impinduka mu by’ikoranabuhanga ugaragara muri iki gihe, usaba ingamba zihoraho mu rwego rwo kurinda amakuru

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