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Guhangana na COVID-19, ibyerekezo bishya, imikoranire ya RwandAir na Qatar Airways: Ikiganiro na Yvonne Makolo

Yanditswe na Akayezu Jean de Dieu
Kuya 2 Kanama 2021 saa 08:37
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Icyorezo cya Covid-19 gikomeje kuzahaza ubukungu mu nzego zitandukanye by’umwihariko urw’ubwikorezi bwo mu kirere ku buryo biteganyijwe ko ingaruka zacyo zizatuma nibura kugeza mu mpera za 2021, abantu miliyari 4,7 badakora ingendo zo mu ndege bateganyaga gukora iyo hatabaho iki cyorezo.

Sosiyete Nyarwanda ikora Ubwikorezi bwo mu Kirere, RwandAir, nayo yagezweho n’izi ngaruka z’icyorezo cya Covid-19, kandi ziracyakomeje ari nako ubuyobozi bushyira imbaraga mu kwishakamo ibisubizo.

Mbere y’uko Covid-19 iza, RwandAir yari ikomeje kuba ikirango cy’u Rwanda mu bukerarugendo. Yatumye mu 2019 u Rwanda rwakira abagenzi 1.059.612. Gusa Covid-19 yakomye mu nkokora ingendo ituma mu 2020 bagabanuka aho abageze mu gihugu barenga gato ibihumbi 300.

Muri Gicurasi 2021, Ihuriro ry’Ibigo by’indege rigamije kunoza ibijyanye n’ingendo zo mu kirere ku bagenzi, ryashyize RwandAir mu cyiciro cyo hejuru cy’ibigo bifite indege zitekanye kandi zirimo isuku ishobora gufasha umugenzi kutandura COVID-19.

RwandAir yashyizwe kuri uru rwego ruzwi nka ’Diamond status’ binyuze muri gahunda y’iri huriro yitwa ‘APEX Health Safety Powered by SimpliFlying’ igamije kureba uko ibigo by’indege bishyiraho kandi bikanubahiriza amabwiriza agamije kurinda abakiriya babyo COVID-19.

Umuyobozi Mukuru wa RwandAir, Yvonne Manzi Makolo, yagiranye ikiganiro n’Urubuga rwa Travel Radar rukunze kunyuzwaho inkuru zijyanye n’ingendo zo mu kirere, agaruka ku buryo RwandAir yakomeje kwishakamo ibisubizo muri ibi bihe bya Covid-19 n’izindi ngingo zitandukanye.

Avuga ko muri rusange icyo RwandAir ishyira imbere ari ubuzima bwiza n’umutekano w’abakiliya n’abakozi bayo ari nayo mpamvu yaharaniye ko [abakozi] bose bakingirwa icyorezo cya Covid-19, kugira ngo bizere ko batekanye.

Ati “RwandAir yari iya mbere mu bigo bitwara abantu n’ibintu mu ndege muri Afurika byatangiye gukingira Covid-19, abakozi bacu bose kandi ubu twamaze gukingira bose, ibintu bituma tuba aba mbere batekanye kuri uyu mugabane.”

Makolo yavuze kandi ko nk’uko byatangijwe n’Ikigo Mpuzamahanga gishinzwe Ingendo zo mu Kirere (IATA), RwandAir irimo kugerageza uburyo bwo gukoresha ikoranabuhanga rizwi nka ‘IATA TRAVEL PASS’ rizajya rifasha abagenzi, haba mu kuba bafite umutekano mu ngendo zo mu kirere ariko bakanagerwaho na serivisi nziza kandi zihuse.

Yakomje agira ati “Ibyo twamaze gushyira mu bikorwa birimo kuva ku kugira isuku, gutera imiti yica udukoko na virusi mu ndege kugeza ku gusaba abagenzi bose kwambara agapfukamunwa mu rugendo, kuva aho barutangiriye kugeza indege igeze ku butaka aho ijya.”

Makolo yavuze ko izo ngamba n’izindi nyinshi zashyizweho ndetse n’amavugurura agenda akorwa muri serivisi za RwandAir ari bimwe mu byashingiweho iki kigo gishyirwa mu rwego rwa Diamond Status, kikaba icya mbere muri Afurika kibigezeho.

Ibyerekezo bishya n’ahazaza ha RwandAir

Kugeza ubu RwandAir ifite indege 12 ikoresha mu byerekezo 26 biri mu bihugu 20, gusa nk’uko bitangazwa n’ubuyobozi bw’iki kigo ngo kirateganya kwagura ibyerekezo hirya no hino mu bihugu birimo Leta Zunze Ubumwe za Amerika n’ahandi.

Makolo yavuze ko muri gahunda y’imyaka itanu, bateganya kwagura ibyerekezo bakinjira ku masoko yo hirya no hino ku Isi kandi baharanira kujyanisha n’ibikenewe kuri ayo masoko ndetse bajyana n’impinduka.

Ati “Gahunda yacu y’imyaka itanu ni ugukuba hafi kabiri ibyerekezo byacu mu gihe dushaka uburyo bushya bwo kwinjira ku yandi masomo mu murongo ujyanisha n’ibikenewe.”

Makolo kandi yavuze ko ibyo byose biri kujyana no kwagura ikibuga cy’indege no kuba ikibuga cy’indege gishya kiri kubakwa kizaba cyabonetse bigatuma ibikorwa byaguka kandi na serivisi zikarushaho kuba nziza.

Imirimo yo kubaka ikibuga cy’indege cya Bugesera igeze kure nyuma y’aho igishushanyo mbonera cyacyo kibonetse kuri ubu ikaba igeze kuri 34,5%.

Makolo ati “Muri uko kugenda twagura ibikorwa, hari imirimo myinshi iri kugenda ikorwa mu kubaka ikibuga cy’indege gishya kizadufasha kongera ibikorwa byacu tunatanga serivisi niza ku bajyana natwe cyangwa abakiliya bacu.”

Yakomeje agira ati “Gahunda dufite ni ziramuka zigenze uko twaziteguye, turateganya ko icyiciro cya mbere cy’ikibuga cy’indege gishya kizakira abagenzi bagera kuri miliyoni zirindwi.”

Makolo avuga ko muri rusange mu bihugu bya Afurika ariho iki kigo kuri ubu gifite isoko ryagutse ndetse ari naho kibona amahirwe menshi.

Yakomeje agira ati “I Burayi, naho ni isoko rikomeye kuri twe, kuri ubu dukorera ingendo i Bruxelles, ahantu hari aba Diaspora benshi ba Afurika babayo. I Londres naho hari isoko ry’ingenzi mu bijyanye n’ibicuruzwa byoherezwayo ndetse n’abakerarugendo ndetse no hanze y’u Bwongereza by’umwihariko muri Amerika na Canada.”

Yunzemo ati “Uko amabwiriza akumira ingendo agenda yoroshywa, turi kureba uko twakongeraho serivisi nyinshi haba i Bruxelles na Londres mu gukomeza kuzahura ibyashegeshwe n’icyorezo no gukomeza kubaka RwandAir, ikomeza kugira uruhare rw’ingenzi mu rwego rw’indege muri Afurika.

Hitezwe impinduka nyuma y’itangira rya AfCFTA

Ihuriro ry’ibigo by’indege muri Afurika rigaragaza ko nibura mu mwaka ushize, uru rwego rwahombye asaga miliyari 10,2$ biturutse ku mbogamizi zitandukanye zirimo n’icyorezo cya Covid-19.

Muri rusange ubuyobozi bw’Ibihugu bya Afurika bukomeje gushyira imbaraga mu guhuza uyu mugabane hakurwaho imbogamizi zose zituma abantu batagenderana.

Ibi kandi bijyana n’uko umuvuduko w’urwego rw’ubwikorezi bw’indege muri Afurika rwitezweho kuzamuka ku kigero cya 5% buri mwaka mu myaka 20 iri imbere, bikazagirwamo uruhare n’ishyirwa mu bikorwa ry’amasezerano y’Isoko Rusange rya Afurika, AfCFTA.

Makolo ati “Kubera ishyirwa mu bikorwa ry’ibiteganywa n’amasezerano ashyiraho AFCTA, byatangiye twiteze kubona ubwiyongere bw’urujya n’uruza rw’abantu n’ibintu hagati y’ibihugu.”

Yakomeje agira ati “Ibi bijyana n’uko RwandAir yazanye uburyo bw’imikorere mpuzamahanga yita ku buzima n’isuku by’abakiliya n’abakozi bacu, mu kirere, ku butaka by’umwihariko iwacu mu Mujyi wa Kigali ku bagenzi bahaza.”

Ibyitezwe ku mikoranire na Qatar Airways

Mu ntangiriro za 2020, Qatar Airways yatangaje ko iri mu biganiro bigamije kuzatuma igira imigabane ingana na 49% muri Sosiyete Nyarwanda y’Ubwikorezi bwo mu Kirere, RwandAir.

Ni nyuma gato y’uko n’ubundi Qatar Airways yari imaze gusinyana amasezerano y’ubufatanye na Leta y’u Rwanda, ajyanye no kugira imigabane ingana na 60% mu Kibuga Mpuzamahanga kiri kubakwa mu Karere ka Bugesera kizaba gifite agaciro ka miliyari 1,3$, kikazaba cyakira abantu miliyoni zirindwi ku mwaka mu cyiciro cya mbere na miliyoni 14 mu cyiciro cya kabiri.

Qatar Airways ifite indege 235, ikora ingendo mu byerekezo 173 ndetse ikoresha abakozi barenga ibihumbi 50.

Mu 2019, Qatar Airways yatwaye abagenzi miliyoni 32,4, yunguka miliyari 13$ n’ubwo Qatar yari ikiri mu bihano yafatiwe n’ibihugu by’Abarabu birimo Arabie Saoudite, Bahrain, Misiri na Leta Zunze Ubumwe z’Abarabu, UAE.

Makolo avuga ari amahirwe akomeye kuri RwandAir, kuko imikoranire na Qatar Airways izatuma iki kigo kizamura urwego rwacyo, bitewe n’ubunararibonye kizavoma kuri Qatar Airways iri mu bigo bikomeye ku rwego rw’Isi.

Qatar Airways kandi yemereye RwandAir ko izafasha bamwe mu bakozi bayo kujya gukarishya ubumenyi i Doha muri Qatar ku cyicaro gikuru cyayo, kugira ngo iki kigo kibashe guhangana n’ibindi bigo bikomeye ku Isi.

Makolo ati “Turizera ko iyi gahunda ari intambwe ikomeye iganisha ku bufatanye bukomeye hagati y’indege zikomeye ikaba n’imwe mu zitwara abantu ku rwego mpuzamahanga, kandi dutegereje kurushaho kuzamura inyungu z’abanyamuryango bacu.”

Ubu bufatanye kandi buzagira inyungu kuri RwandAir, kuko iki kigo kizagabanya igihombo ndetse kigatangira kugira inyungu.

Byitezwe ko kandi igishoro cya Qatar Airways muri RwandAir kizagabanya amafaranga Leta y’u Rwanda ishoramo, kuko nko mu mwaka w’ingengo y’imari wa 2020/2021, Leta yari yashoye miliyari 145 Frw muri iki kigo.

Umuyobozi Mukuru wa RwandAir, Yvonne Manzi Makolo, yatangaje ko imikoranire ya RwandAir na Qatar Airways ari intambwe yitezwemo byinshi cyane
Bitewe n'ingamba zikomeye zo kwirinda COVID-19 RwandAir yashyizeho kandi ikazubahiriza, iri mu bigo byizewe ku mutekano w'abagenzi muri ibi bihe.

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