Iyororoka ry’Abanyarwanda III: Imiryango migari ikomoka ku Basinga

Yanditswe na Nsanzabera Jean de Dieu
Kuya 6 Nzeri 2018 saa 06:48
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Nta cyiza mu buzima nko kwimenya no gusobanukirwa inkomoko yawe no kumenya Intwari zabaye mu bisekuruza byawe by’imbanza, kuko ubutwari bw’abandi budusemburamo ubugabo.

Tugiye gusubukura aho twasubikiye, tubatekerereza ibisekuruza by’imbanza by’amoko y’imiryango migari ikomoka ku Basinga.

Nk’uko tubikesha igitabo “Intwari z’imbanza zubatse u Rwanda rugahamya igitinyiro’’ cya Nsanzabera Jean de Dieu, inzobere mu Busizi, umuco n’amateka y’u Rwanda, kidutekerereza mu buryo bwimbitse imiturire y’Abasinga n’amoko umunani abakomokaho.

Amoko y’Abasinga yabarizwaga ku butaka bw’u Rwanda ubwo aya mateka yandikwaga ni arindwi kuko ubwoko bw’Abahunde bwo bwakatiwe muri Congo mu gihe cy’ishyirwaho ry’imipaka.

Ibihugu Abasinga bagengaga byari mu Rwanda byari kuri 16 muri 29 byari binyanyagiye ku butaka bw’u Rwanda mbere y’uko hatangira inkundura yo kubyigarurira kw’Abanyiginya bagengaga ingoma y’i Gasabo.

Abatekereza b’amateka y’u Rwanda bagaragaza neza ko Abasinga batuye bwa mbere kuri ubu butaka bw’u Rwanda, bafite inkomoko ku Bahima babarizwa ku butaka bw’igihugu cya Uganda, aribo bakunze kwita “Abanyankole b’Abahima”.

Abasinga mu kinyankole rikomoka ku nyito iri mu nteruro y’ibigwi ikunze kuhakoreshwa igira riti “Asinga bona”, ugenekereje mu Kinyarwanda bivuze ngo “Asumba bose”.

Abasinga nk’izina rikura inyito kuri iyo nteruro y’ibigwi byabo, ryo rigasobanura “Abatsinzi’’ cyangwa se “Abatsinze’’.

Abasinga biyise iryo zina kubera intsinzi begukanye yo gutura bwa mbere no guhanga ibihugu byabo nk’imbanza mu mateka y’u Rwanda. Abasinga nibo nkomoko y’umujyo w’amateka y’u Rwanda duhora dutekereza muri ibi bihe bya vuba.

N’ubwo Abasinga ari ubwoko buganje igihe kirekire i Rwanda, nabo barimo ibice bitatu hakurikijwe uko bagiye bimuka baza gutura.

Hari Abasinga b’Abasangwabutaka, Abasinga b’Abanukamishyo n’Abasinga b’Abagahe.

N’ubwo bitwa amazina atandukanye y’inyongera, bose bakomoka ahantu hamwe bagatandukanywa n’ibisekuruza by’iyo bakomoka n’igihe bagereye mu Rwanda.

Abasinga b’Abasangwabutaka nibo bashyitse bwa mbere mu Rwanda, iryo zina bakaba bararihawe mu mwaduko w’Abanyiginya, byo kugaragaza inyito ndangatandukaniro y’amateka ko ari bo babimburiye abandi gutura i Rwanda.

Abasangwabutaka nibo bagiranye n’Abanyiginya ubumwe bw’intabohorwa kuko babahishuriye byinshi mu bwiru bw’ihangabihugu hifashishijwe umwiru wabo mukuru Rubunga n’umuhungu Shango, bagize uruhare rukomeye cyane mu gushyiraho imfatiro zihamye z’ingoma y’i Gasabo.

Icyo Abanyiginya babituye, ni ukuba ababyarabami(Ibibanda) b’ingoma nyiginya.

Abasinga b’Abanukamishyo nibo baje bakurikira bene wabo, bazanye n’umutware wa bo Runukamishyo rwa Nyamurorwa, umupfumu wo mu Ndorwa y’i Butumbi. Badutse mu Rwanda ku ngoma ya Mibambwe I Sekarongoro I Mutabazi wategetse u Rwanda ahasaga mu wa 1411-1444.

Abasinga b’Abagahe nibo bahageze bwa nyuma. Iryo zina nyongera ry’Abagahe, barikomora ku butaka bw’inkomoko yabo kuko baturutse mu Bugahe bwa Ndorwa.

Abagiraga ingoma mu Rwanda, ni Abasinga b’Abasangwabutaka ari n’abo bafite amoko y’imiryango migari ibakomokaho.

Dukurikije amateka y’iyororoka y’Abanyarwanda, Amoko y’imiryango migari afite inkomoko ku Basinga ni aya akurikira:

Abarenge: Ni Abasinga bafite inkomoko kuri Jeni rya Rurenge. Ibihugu babarizwagamo cyane twavugamo u Budaha n’u Bwishaza (Karongi na Rutsiro), u Bukunzi (Nyamasheke), u Busozo (Rusizi), n’uBunyambilili (Nyamagabe).

Ababanda: Bakomoka kuri Kibanda sekuruza wabo. Bagengaga ingoma ya Nduga (Kamonyi, Muhanga, Ruhango na Nyanza), Rwankeri y’Abalindi ( Musanze), Rwankeli y’Abaguyane(Mu Majyepfo no hagati y’Akarere ka Musanze), Bugoyi (Rubavu), u Burera, u Bukonya (Gatonde-Gakenke), u Buhoma (Cyabingo-Gakenke) n’u Bwanamwali (Ngororero).

Abenengwe: Ni ibikomangoma byagengaga ingoma y’u Bungwe. Aho bari batuye cyane ni mu Majyepfo y’u Rwanda mu Turere twa Gisagara, Nyaruguru, Nyamagabe na Huye.

Ibihangange byabayeho mu bisekuruza by’Abenengwe harimo abami nka Rwamba wariho mu mwaduko w’ingoma nyiginya wabaye inshuti Magana na Gihanga, Samukende wari umugabo wa Nyagakecuru mu Bisi bya Huye n’Umuhungu wabo Rubuga watsinzwe na Mutara Semugeshi agahirika burundu ingoma y’u Bungwe.

Abongera: Ibikomangoma by’Abongera nibyo byagengaga ingoma y’u Buliza (Rulindo na Gakenke) n’u Bwanacyambwe( Nyarugenge, Gasabo y’Amajyepfo, Kicukiro na Rwamagana y’Iburengerazuba).

Abami bazwi mu mateka y’Abongera barimo Mugina wagengaga u Buliza wivuganywe na Cyirima Rugwe na Nkuba ya Nyabakonjo wagengaga u Bwanacyambwe wivuganywe na Kigeli Mukobanya.

Abanyakarama: Nta gihugu bagiraga, gusa amateka agaragaza ko bakomoka ku Benengwe, bambutse akanyaru bakajya guhanga ingoma ya bo i Kayanza na Ngozi mu Burundi,

Abungura: Nta gihugu bagiraga, nta n’abatatuzi b’amateka bagerageje gutatura ibyabo. Gusa bakunze gutura cyane mu Buliza, u Bukonya, u Buhoma u Bushiru no mu Burera.

Abahunde: Bagengaga ingoma y’u Buhunde ( Mu Ntara ya Kivu y’Amajyaruguru), bakomora igisekuruza cyabo kuri Gahunde ka Jeni rya Rurenge . Abami baho bazwi mu mateka y’u Rwanda ni Kalinda n’umuhungu we Muvunyi wivuganywe na Kigeli Rwabugili.


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