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Amasezerano y’ibanga ya Habyarimana na Mobutu mu gushwiragiza abafatwaga nk’abanzi b’ubutegetsi bwabo

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Kuya 6 Ugushyingo 2021 saa 01:11
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Harabaye ntihakabe!Umunyarwanda yaciye umugani ngo inshuti uyibonera mu byago. Ni umugani ukwiriye cyane ku mubano wa Juvenal Habyarimana wayoboye u Rwanda imyaka 21 kugeza mu 1994 na Mobutu Sese Seko wa Zaïre (RDC y’ubu) wabaye Perezida kuva mu 1965 kugeza mu 1997.

Umubano wabo warenze uw’abantu ku giti cyabo, winjira no mu mikoranire y’ibihugu kugeza mu 1997 ubwo Mobutu yatwikishaga umurambo w’inshuti ye magara, ngo hato abamuhiritse ku butegetsi batawukoreraho ubufindo.

Mobutu witwaga ‘grand frère’ wa Habyarimana, ari mu bamufashije kujya ku butegetsi binyuze muri Coup d’état yabaye mu 1973 ubwo Habyarimana afashijwe n’igisirikare yigaranzuraga Grégoire Kayibanda.

Kuva ubwo u Rwanda na Zaïre byabaye soma mbike haba mu bibi n’ibyiza, ingendo zihoraho hagati ya Habyarimana na Mobutu ziba nyinshi. Byageze mu 1985 ibihugu byombi bimaze kunywana kugeza ubwo bisinye amasezerano y’ibanga, yemeza ko ‘umwanzi wa Habyarimana byanga bikunze azaba umwanzi wa Mobutu, n’uwa Mobutu bikagenda gutyo’.

Aya masezerano y’ibanga yasinyiwe i Gbadolite mu Ntara ya Equateur, ku ivuko rya Mobutu. Yasinywe kuwa Kane tariki 12 Werurwe 1985 saa tanu z’amanywa, asinyirwa imbere ya Mobutu ku ruhande rwa Zaïre na Habyarimana ku ruhande rw’u Rwanda.

Igitabo Quinze ans de tyrannie et de tartuferie au Rwanda cya Shyirambere J Barahinyura (1973-1988), kivuga ko ayo masezerano ku ruhande rw’u Rwanda, yari agamije gushwiragiza abataravugaga rumwe na Leta ya Habyarimana, dore ko hari hashize iminsi hagaragara kurambirwa politiki yari amaze imyaka 12 atangije mu Rwanda.

Habyarimana yari amaze iminsi abibona ko asumbirijwe nyuma y’uko mu 1982 Uganda yirukanye ibihumbi by’impunzi z’Abatutsi zari zarahungiyeyo, bagera mu Rwanda Leta ikabasubizayo ivuga ko ntaho kubatuza ifite, abandi ikavuga ko itazi niba ari Abanyarwanda.

Amakuru yarayakurikiranaga, abizi neza ko isaha n’isaha abo Banyarwanda bashobora kwisuganya bakinjira mu gihugu cyabo ku ngufu. Byahoraga kandi bisohoka mu binyamakuru mpuzamahanga na raporo y’imiryango itegamiye kuri Leta.

Ingingo ya gatanu y’amasezerano Habyarimana na Mobutu basinye, yavugaga ko mu gihe bibaye ngombwa, inzego z’umutekano za Congo zizaha ubufasha bwa ngombwa inzego z’umutekano z’u Rwanda.

Ibihugu byombi byiyemeje guhanahana amakuru mu gihe cyose haba hari ikindi gihugu cyangwa undi muntu ubangamiye umutekano wa kimwe muri ibyo.

Ingingo igira iti “Hazabaho guhanahana amakuru ku mikoranire y’ikindi gihugu gituranyi n’ibindi bihugu by’abanzi haba ku mpamvu za politiki, ubukungu n’ibijyanye n’urujya n’uruza”.

Mu ngingo ya karindwi ho bareruye, bavuga ko uzagaragaraho kuba umwanzi wa kimwe mu bihugu byasinye amasezerano, nta gahenge agomba guhabwa mu kindi.

Iti “Umuntu wese utavuga rumwe n’ubutegetsi bwa Zaïre cyangwa se politiki yayo, ubwenegihugu bwose yaba afite cyangwa se uwo yaba ari we wese, ntashobora gutura ku butaka bw’u Rwanda. Umuntu wese utavuga rumwe n’ubutegetsi bw’u Rwanda cyangwa politiki yarwo, ubwenegihugu yaba afite bwose n’uwo yaba ari we wese, ntashobora kuba ku butaka bwa Zaïre.”

Ayo masezerano yanakomoje ku muntu washoboraga gufatirwa muri kimwe muri ibyo bihugu, akekwaho imigambi yo guhangabanya umutekano w’ikindi.

Ingingo ya cyenda yagiraga iti “Umuntu wese ufite ubwenegihugu bw’u Rwanda cyangwa se undi wese ufatwa nk’ikibazo gikomeye ku mutekano warwo uzafatirwa ku butaka bwa Zaïre, uko azaba ameze kose, azahita yirukanwa ku ngufu mu buryo bwose bushoboka.”

Mobutu Sese Seko wa Zaire (iburyo) yari inshuti y'akadasohoka ya Habyarimana bagiranye umubano ukomeye, kugeza ubwo basinya amasezerano y'uko umwanzi w'igihugu kimwe azafatwa nk'umwanzi w'ikindi

Mu gihe kimwe muri ibyo bihugu cyaba cyugarijwe, amasezerano yavugaga ko ikindi kigomba gutabara cyohereza abasirikare bacyo.

Aya masezerano niyo yahereweho mu Ukwakira 1990 ubwo Ingabo za FPR Inkotanyi zatangizaga urugamba rwo kubohora u Rwanda. Zaïre ni kimwe mu bihugu byatabaye Habyarimana bwangu, yohereza abasirikare bayo bajya kurwanira mu bice by’Umutara, nubwo bahavanye icyasha.

Inyandiko yoherejwe mu Bufaransa na Colonel René Galinié wari mu ngabo zabwo mu Rwanda zafashaga Guverinoma ya Habyarimana, yavuze uburyo imyitwarire y’ingabo za Zaïre yari iteye inkeke.

Ku wa 12 Ukwakira 1990, Ingabo za Zaïre mu Rwanda zongereweho abasirikare 95 bari baturutse i Goma, bituma abasirikare bose hamwe bagera ku 1400.

Inyandiko ya Colonel René Galinié ivuga ko mu bice ingabo za Zaïre zari zoherejwemo, “abacuruzi, abatwaye imodoka cyangwa abagenzi bihitira, bakunze kwamburirwa kuri za bariyeri z’ingabo za Zaïre. Amakuru amwe anavuga ko hari byinshi byasahuwe (by’umwihariko i Gabiro hari Guest-House basahuye bakayeza). Hari n’ibikorwa byo gufata ku ngufu byagaragaye.”

Nubwo ingabo za Zaïre zatereye ikuzo mu Rwanda, Mobutu yakomeje kwizeza Habyarimana ubufasha no kumuha inama, bayubakiraho kugeza mu 1994 ubwo Habyarimana yapfaga na nyuma yaho.

Nyuma y’ihanurwa ry’indege ya Habyarimana tariki 6 Mata 1994, umurambo we wahungishirijwe muri Zaïre, Mobutu abanza kuwubika i Gbadolite ku ivuko, kugeza kuwa 16 Nyakanga 1997 ubwo yategekaga ko utwikwa mbere yo guhunga igihugu kubera gusumbirizwa n’ingabo za Laurent Desire Kabila.

New York Times ivuga ko gutwikisha umurambo wa Habyarimana ngo utajya mu maboko y’inyeshyamba, ari kimwe mu bikorwa bya nyuma Mobutu yakoze muri Zaïre nka Perezida, mbere yo guhungira muri Maroc aho yaguye nyuma y’amezi abiri.

Uretse gukomera ku murambo wa Habyarimana kandi, Mobutu yanakomeye ku bahoze mu butegetsi bwa Habyarimana ubwo batsindwaga n’ingabo za FPR Inkotanyi, bagahunga bamaze gutegura no gushyira mu bikorwa Jenoside yakorewe Abatutsi.

Mobutu yabakirije yombi, abaha umwanya muri Kivu y’Amajyaruguru n’Amajyepfo, inkambi zihindurwa ibigo by’imyitozo ya gisirikare ngo bisuganye bagaruke kurangiza Jenoside no gukuraho Leta bitaga ‘iy’Abatutsi’.

Uko kwirengagiza impinduka no gufasha abahoze muri Leta ya Habyarimana, biri mu byakoze kuri Mobutu kuko byatije umurindi ubufasha bw’u Rwanda ku ngabo za Kabila, zigabiza Kinshasa Mobutu arahunga.

Ingabo za Zaire mu Mutara ubwo zari zagiye guha ubufasha iz'u Rwanda mu 1990 ngo basubize inyuma ibitero bya FPR Inkotanyi

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