Dutemberane i Goma kwa ‘Wananzambe’ mu Mujyi w’ubushabitsi buciriritse n’ubuzima bworoheje (Amafoto)

Yanditswe na Ishimwe Israel, Muhizi Serge
Kuya 1 Ugushyingo 2019 saa 10:39
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Goma ni Umujyi Mukuru w’Intara ya Kivu y’Amajyaruguru mu Burasirazuba bwa Repubulika Iharanira Demokarasi ya Congo (RDC). Uherereye hafi y’inkombe z’Ikiyaga cya Kivu kiwutandukanya n’Umujyi wa Gisenyi mu Rwanda.

Uyu mujyi uri ku buso bwa kilometero kare 75.72 [nibura ni hegitari 7 572 z’ubutaka], utuwe n’abaturage miliyoni ebyiri. Batuye mu buryo bucucitse ugereranyije n’Umujyi wa Kigali utuwe n’abasaga miliyoni 1,5 kuri kilometero kare 738.

Goma ifite ubukungu bwubakiye ku bucuruzi buciriritse, aho usanga ahenshi amaduka mato [boutique] atangira serivisi ku nkengero z’imihanda; uburobyi; ubucukuzi bw’amabuye y’agaciro n’ibindi.

Ugishingura ikirenge ku mupaka uhuza u Rwanda na RDC uhita uhingukira mu Birere ahari amasanganiro arimo n’amagambo yanditse mu Kinyarwanda, atanga ubutumwa bugamije gushishikariza urubyiruko gukunda umurimo.

Ni amasanganiro y’umuhanda yubatswe bitewe n’uko hari abapolisi bagongwaga bagerageza kuyobora ibinyabiziga mu byerekezo bitandukanye, bubakiwe inzu bahagararamo ku buryo baba bagenzura ahantu hose batuje.

Nibwo umenya ko uvuye mu Rwanda kuko uhita utangira kubona ibintu bitandukanye n’ibyari muri metero 100 inyuma yawe. Uhera ku kavuyo, umwanda, imodoka zitagira ibirango, ukagira ku bantu bagenda mu nzira birira ibisheke na za avocat n’ibindi.

Urugendo rugana i Goma ku muntu uherereye i Gisenyi ni ugukozaho kuko impande zombi zihana imbibi binyuze ku mipaka ya Grande Barrière na Petite Barrière.

Ubucuruzi bwaho buragenda cyane bitewe n’ubwinshi bw’abahanyura kuko nibura Umupaka muto wa Petite Barrière ucaho abantu ibihumbi 55 mu gihe uwa Grande Barrière ucaho abantu 7 000 buri munsi.

Ugikandagiza ikirenge i Goma ushobora gutungurwa kuko usibye ubwinshi bw’abagenda n’abakorera muri uyu mujyi, usanga indimi zikoreshwa zitandukanye kuva ku Kinyarwanda, Amashi, Lingala, Igiswahili gifatwa nk’ururimi rw’igihugu n’Igifaransa gikoreshwa nk’ururimi rwemewe.

Ufite ubumenyi mu kuvuga Igiswahili, bikaba akarusho ashobora kuvangamo Igifaransa gike [Bya bindi abo muri Tanzania bita Kiswahili Kingwana] uwo ntiyagwa isari ari i Goma kuko yashobora kumvikana na benshi.

Goma iri muri kilometero ziri hagati ya 13–18 mu Majyepfo y’Ikirunga cya Nyiragongo.

Mu mateka y’uyu mujyi mu myaka isaga 17 ishize, ku wa 17 Mutarama 2002, Ikirunga cya Nyiragongo cyararutse bituma benshi bava mu byabo, abandi bahaburira ubuzima.

Ibirutsi bya Nyiragongo byasandariye mu Mujyi wa Goma rwagati, bikomeza no mu Kiyaga cya Kivu. Ni yo mpamvu iyo ugeze muri uyu mujyi, ubona amakoro hose ndetse n’inzu nyinshi nizo zifashishwa mu bwubatsi.

Icyo gihe mu masaha 24, abantu 45 bari bamaze kubura ubuzima, ndetse ingendo mu Mujyi wa Goma zabaye nk’izihagarara kuko imihanda yose yari yafunzwe ndetse imiryango itanga ubufasha ntiyashoboraga kuhagera.

Abantu 245 ni bo byaje kugaragara ko baguye mu iruka ry’icyo kirunga, inyubako zirenga 4,500 zarangiritse mu gihe abarenga ibihumbi 120 bavanywe mu byabo.

Goma iyobowe na Meya Timothée Mwisa Kyese, yakomeje kwisuganya yiyubaka nyuma y’iryo sanganya ryayigwiririye.

Nyuma yo gukumirwa mu ngendo mpuzamahanga zo mu kirere, Ikibuga Mpuzamahanga cya Goma cyongeye gukomorerwa aho kuri ubu Ethiopian Airlines ihakorera ingendo zihuza uyu mujyi n’uwa Addis Ababa.

Mu bijyanye n’ubukerarugendo, uyu mujyi ufite ibiyaga bito bigera kuri bitanu aho abantu bashobora gutemberera ndetse mu majyaruguru yawo hari Pariki y’Igihugu ya Virunga ibarizwamo ingagi zo mu misozi.

Iyo urebye ibikorwa remezo byinshi mu Mujyi wa Goma usanga imihanda myinshi yiganjemo ishaje yangiritse cyane. Kuva mu 2011 nibwo ibigo by’Abashinwa byatangiye gusana no kubaka imihanda itandukanye ndetse umujyi ukaba uri kuvugururwa hubakwa inyubako nyinshi zigerekeranye cyane mu gace ka Birere.

Bitandukanye n’Umujyi wa Rubavu n’uwa Kigali, i Goma usanga hari ahakiri amashashi menshi ku muhanda kugera no mu ngo z’abaturage, ubucuruzi bwinshi bukorerwa mu mihanda, ubwikorezi rusange bukorwa hifashishijwe moto cyangwa imodoka nto zo mu bwoko bwa Hiace, izi wazigereranya na za zindi zakoraga i Nyamirambo kuko inyinshi usanga zinatatseho ibintu bitandukanye mu rwego rwo kuzirimbisha.

Imbaho ni imari ishyushye ku batuye mu Mujyi wa Goma kuko inzu nyinshi usanga arizo zubakishije ndetse kugeza no ku magorofa.

Hari aho ugera wareba inzu uko isa inyuma ariko iyo uyinjiyemo ugasangamo amadiva n’amakaro.

Ahanini kubera umukungugu n’umucanga uhora mu bicu, hari aho usanga inzu nyinshi zaranduye inyuma, gusa imbere ziba zimeze neza.

Bitewe n’uburyo ubutaka bwihagazeho muri uyu mujyi usanga inzu nyinshi zubatse mu buryo bugerekeranye mu rwego rw kugabanya ikiguzi no gusaranganya.

Ijisho ry’umufotozi wa IGIHE ryasanze hari n’aho amaduka yubakwa ariko akanakorerwamo mu gihe indi mirimo iba ikomeje.

Ibicuruzwa byinshi bigaragara muri aka gace byiganjemo amavuta yo mu bwoko butandukanye, ibyuma bya muzika, n’ibindi byiganjemo ibya caguwa.

-  Internet yihagazeho i Goma…

Ibyapa byinshi byamamaza n’amaduka menshi i Goma agaragaramo ibicuruzwa bya Sosiyete ya Airtel ndetse na Vodacom. Internet yaho irahenda cyane ndetse kubona uyikoresha ni imbonekarimwe. Usanga nibura megabyte 100 zigura igihumbi cy’amanye-Congo [akabakaba 500 Frw].

-  Ubushabitsi buragenda…

Ubuzima bw’abaturage mu Mujyi wa Goma usanga butagoye cyane. Biroroshye kwihina ku muhanda ugasanga umusore uri gukora capati, anakaranze umureti ukamusaba ibyo ushaka.

Restaurants zaho wavuga ko zigendanwa cyane kuko usanga umuntu yarashinze ihema hafi y’umuhanda, akaba ariho acururiza inyama n’ifiriti n’ibindi biribwa.

Mu bicuruzwa kandi bifite abakiliya benshi nta wakwirengagiza inyama ariko ahenshi usanga banakunda byimazeyo ibinono bitekwa mu isombe n’ayandi mafunguro atandukanye.

Usanga umuntu ahembwa amafaranga make ariko abayeho neza, atunze umuryango mugari bitewe n’uko amafunguro ahendutse.

Mu bwikorezi bw’ibintu usanga ari imbonekarimwe kubona abakarani bikoreye ku mutwe kuko higanje ingorofani zikoreshwa mu gutwara ibicuruzwa n’ibindi bitandukanye.

-  Abanye-Congo biyita ‘Wananzambe’

Ubusanzwe “Nzambe” ni ijambo ry’Ilingala risobanura Imana. Ryakunze gukoreshwa mu ndirimbo nyinshi z’abahanzi bo muri RDC ndetse ryageze aho rinifashishwa mu gihe hari ushaka kuvuga abaturage bo muri iki gihugu, akabita ‘Wananzambe’ cyangwa ‘Bananzambe’.

Ni izina ryishimirwa na benshi ndetse bakabigendera amafiyeri yo kwitwa no kwiyita abana b’Imana. Iyi mvugo yarafashe kugeza aho abantu benshi kugera no ku batazi bita Abanye-Congo ‘Wananzambe’.

Ku bijyanye n’imyemerere usanga benshi babarizwa muri Kiliziya Gatolika no mu Itorero rya Pantekote.

-  Ebola yatumye inzego zikangukira kwita ku isuku…

Ku wa 14 Nyakanga nibwo umurwayi wa mbere wa Ebola yabonetse mu mujyi wa Goma, ubwo yahageraga atwawe n’imodoka avuye i Butembo, agace kamaze igihe karimo icyorezo cya Ebola. Iyo ndwara yaje no kumuhitana.

Hafashwe ingamba zirimo n’izihuriweho n’u Rwanda. Kuri ubu ahantu hose hahurira abantu benshi hashyizweho ahantu ho gukarabira intoki mu kwirinda Ebola.

Mu bwikorezi bw’abantu kuri moto, usanga ingofero z’abagenzi zitagikoreshwa cyane. Imodoka nyinshi nazo usanga zidafite plaque ziziranga ku buryo ukoze impanuka byoroshye kumuburira irengero.

-  Ruhago mu mitima ya benshi

RDC imaze kuba ubukombe mu gutanga abakinnyi bakomeye muri ruhago y’Isi nubwo abenshi bakinira ibihugu by’amahanga ariko hari amazina aba azwi cyane.

Uvuze Chancel Mbemba Mangulu wa FC Porto yo muri Portugal, Dieumerci Ndongala ukinira KRC Genk mu Bubiligi cyangwa Trésor Mputu Mabi ukinira TP Mazembe muri RDC ni abantu bazwi cyane.

Ibi bituma abana bato bakura bafite inzozi zo kuzaba ibyamamare muri ruhago aho nibura n’uvuye ku ishuri usanga anyura kuri stade akabanza akihera ijisho uko umupira w’amaguru ucongwa.

Umujyi wa Goma ufite ibibuga byinshi ariko Stade de l’Unité iri mu bikomeye cyane. Ikoreshwa by’umwihariko mu mikino itandukanye ndetse yakirirwaho imikino n’amakipe atandukanye arimo AS Dauphins Noirs, DC Virunga na AS Kabasha. Iyi stade yavuguruwe ndetse yongerwa gufungurwa ku wa 6 Gicurasi 2018 ahakinwe umukino wahuje AS Kabasha na DC Virunga.

Ingabo za M23 mu Ugushyingo 2012 zafashe Umujyi wa Goma ariko ziza gushyira intwaro hasi nyuma y’imishyikirano.

Imirwano y’imitwe yitwaje intwaro yakunze kuzahaza Goma yatumye abanyabirori cyane bo mu ijuru basa n’abacitse intege.

Muri rond point yo mu Mujyi wa Goma rwagati harimo udutebe tw'aho ushobora kuruhukira no kuganirira
Rond Point yo mu Mujyi wa Goma itakwa na Sosiyete y'Itumanaho ya Vodacom
Rond point iyo uyirebeye kure ni uku igaragara. Yatewemo ibiti bitandukanye bituma abayirimo babona umwuka mwiza bahumeka
Uhari ntiyicwa n'izuba cyangwa ngo anyagirwe n'imvura. Hashyizweho ahantu ho kuruhukira bisanzwe
I Goma hari ahari kuzamurwa inyubako nshya kandi zibereye ijisho
Goma ituwe n'abaturage basaga miliyoni ebyiri ni Umujyi uhana imbibi n'uwa Gisenyi mu Karere ka Rubavu
Hari aho usanga amavuta y'ubuto na lisansi bicururizwa ahantu hamwe
Hotel yubakwa ku nkombe z'Ikiyaga cya Kivu ni yo izaba ari iya mbere ihenze muri Goma
Ibicuruzwa byinshi birimo n'ibijumba bitanga icyashara gifatika
Icugutu riri mu bikoreshwa na benshi mu gutwara ibintu bitandukanye
Ifoto igaragaza Umujyi wa Goma yafatiwe mu kirere
Imbaho ni imari ishyushye mu Birere. Uzisanga ku nyubako zitagira ingano arizo zubakishijwe
Imodoka za Loni usanga ziri ahenshi mu Mujyi wa Goma mu rwego rwo kubungabunga umutekano muri iki gihugu
Imodoka za Twegerane 'Hiace' zifashishwa mu bwikorezi bw'abantu n'ibintu. Umubare w'abazigendamo ushobora kurenga uwagenwe ndetse n'inzego z'umutekano wo mu muhanda ntizibyitaho
Imodoka za Twegerane zifite imitako irimo ibikabyo nka za zindi zakoraga i Nyamirambo hambere ziganje mu Mujyi wa Goma
Impuzankano z'abanyeshuri usanga ahenshi ziba ari umukara, ubururu ndetse n'umweru
Ingorofani zirifashishwa mu kwihutisha akazi k'ubwikorezi bw'ibintu
Umuhanda ugana mu gace k'abifite ufite isuku ihagije
Kimwe mu bibuga bikomeye mu Mujyi wa Goma cya Stade de l’Unité, ahabarizwa amakipe akomeye
Abana benshi baba bafite inzozi zo kuzaba ba Trésor Mputu [wa TP Mazambe]. Aha uyu mwana yari avuye ku ishuri ari kurunguruka muri Stade de l'Unité areba uko imyitozo ikorwa. Ijisho ry'umufotozi wa IGIHE ryabonye ahamara nk'iminota nka 20 yitegereza uko bakuru be bitwara mu kibuga
Abapolisi bitemberera mu Mujyi wa Goma bisanzwe, hari abo usanga batanambaye impuzankano ibaranga mu kazi
Iyi feu rouge yashyizweho mu rwego rwo guhangana n'impanuka zakorwaga kubera abapolisi bagongerwaga mu muhanda hagati
Muri uyu muhanda hashyizweho ikiraro cyo hejuru gikoreshwa n'abagenzi kubera umuvundo w'ibinyabiziga
Aha ni ho ugana ku kiraro azamukira cyubakiwe abanyamaguru mu kwirinda umuvundo w'imodoka anyura. Uhasanga ibigo byinshi byiganjemo iby'itumanaho byarahashyize ibyapa byamamaza ibikorwa byabyo
Ahagana mu myaka ya 1950 nibwo muri aka gace hatangiye gucururizwa ibinono, ubu ubwo bucuruzi bwarafashe na magingo aya
Hari inyubako zigezweho zazamuwe mu Mujyi wa Goma mu kurushaho kuwuvugurura
Airtel ni imwe muri sosiyete z'Itumanaho zifite abakiliya benshi muri RDC na Goma by'umwihariko
Aka ni kamwe mu duce turimo inyubako nyinshi kandi zigezweho z'abafite amikoro mu Mujyi wa Goma
Amamesa akoreshwa mu mafunguro menshi ku isonga hari isombe, ibishyimbo n'imboga zitandukanye
Amamesa apimirwa mu mashashi, aya yabaye amateka mu Rwanda kuko amaze imyaka isaga 10 akumiriwe ku butaka bwarwo kubera ingaruka afite ku bidukikije
Banki y'Ubucuruzi ya Congo iherereye mu Mujyi wa Goma rwagati
Mu gace ka Birere ho muri Goma usanga hari imihanda imwe n'imwe idatunganyije
Amavuta ari mu bicuruzwa byihagazeho, ayo muri ubu bwoko arahenda cyane ndetse afite impumuro yagereranywa n'iy'imibavu abantu bitera
Iduka ry'amavuta n'imibavu usanga rihabwa agaciro gakomeye bitewe n'uburyo abatuye iki gihugu bakunda kwisiga
Kimwe mu bicuruzwa bitanga agatubutse ni amavuta n'imibavu y'ubwoko butandukanye
Imibavu y'ubwoko butandukanye itanga icyashara gikomeye i Goma
Mu kwirinda Ebola, mbere yo kwinjira ahahurira abantu benshi hateganyijwe aho gukarabira intoki
Bahita banagupima mbere yo kwinjira, harebwa niba nta muriro ufite nka kimwe mu bimenyetso bya Ebola
Boutique nyinshi mu Birere ni uku ziba ziteye, iyo nyirayo atashye akingaho ishashi, akagenda yizeye umutekano w'ibicuruzwa bye
Boutique zo ku muhanda ni uku ziba ziteye. Izi sanduku ubona ni zo zibikwamo ibicuruzwa nyuma y'amasaha y'akazi
Capati zikorerwa ku muhanda. Aha abana bari batumwe bari bicaye barindiriye guhabwa komande batanze
Mu mujyi usanga harimo imihanda y'amabuye mu duce dukorerwamo ubucuruzi
Mu marembo y'Ibitaro byitwa Charité by'i Goma biri mu bikomeye, binabyarizwamo abagore benshi ndetse bikanatangirwamo ubuvuzi ku ndwara zikomeye
Ntibitangaje kubona moto ishobora kugendwaho abantu batatu ku manywa y'ihangu
Moto ziri mu binyabiziga byifashishwa cyane n'abagenzi
Mu Birere ufite iyi nzu aba ari umwe mu bakire! Uyirebeye inyuma ntiwamenya ko imbere irimo amakaro n'amadiva
Inzira igana mu gace kahariwe ubucuruzi uyisangamo imodoka nyinshi
Inzira ziva mu Mujyi wa Goma rwagati zinjira mu Birere ni imihanda isanzwe
Hari inzu nyinshi z'abifite usanga zubakwa hifashishijwe aya mabuye kuva ku musingi kugeza hejuru ku isakaro
Inzu nyinshi zo mu Birere ziba zubakishije imbaho. Ubuhanga bwa bamwe butuma baziryoshya ku buryo urebeye kure wabona ari itafari rihiye ryarambitsweho
Inzu zitunganya imisatsi nubwo ushobora kuyibona nk'iciriritse, usanga abari n'abategarugori benshi bahabyiganira
Inzu z'ubucuruzi zishobora kubakwa mu gihe ziri gukorerwamo, akazi gakorerwa hamwe
Iposita ya mbere yabayeho muri Goma, yakoreyemo ibiro by'Akarere. Ubu yibukwa mu mateka kuko nta kintu gikorerwamo
Isoko rito ryo mu Birere ryitwa Kasoko usanga hakorerwa ubucuruzi buciriritse
Iyi moto nayo yifashishwa mu bwikorezi bw'ibicuruzwa bitandukanye
Iyi nyubako yubatse neza ahabereye impanuka y'indege mu Mujyi wa Goma mu myaka yo hambere
Kubera uko ubutaka buhenze, ufite umuryango munini yubaka mu buryo bugerekeranye
Kubera urukundo Abanye-Congo bagirira umuziki biragoye kurenga metero 100 utarahura n'iduka ricuruza ibyuma bya muzika
Usanga abenshi mu bakorera ubucuruzi ku muhanda ibyo batanga biba bidafite isuku ishamaje
Ushaka gufungura, yihina ku muhanda akagura ifiriti n'inyama byatekewe hafi aho
Uyu muhanda ni wo ukoreshwa ku muntu werekeza Katindo hatuye abakire benshi b'i Goma usanga hanahenze
Sitasiyo Magana Petroleum y'Umunyarwanda ukora ubucuruzi bw'ibikomoka kuri peterori iri mu zikomeye i Goma
Sosiyete ya Tecno yashinze imizi no mu Mujyi wa Goma aho usanga ibicuruzwa byayo byiganje ku bwinshi
Ubucuruzi bw'imyenda bukorerwa henshi ku mihanda, ahenshi usanga isoko ryose ryubakishije imbaho
Umwe mu rubyiruko rwubatse inzu ari kuyitunganya no gukora imirimo ya nyuma. Ibyangombwa byo kubaka si ngombwa ku muntu ushaka kuzamura inzu
Muri ako gace uhageze ahabona inyubako nziza zigerekeranye
Muri Centre Ville usanga ababyeyi badandaza ku mihanda ibicuruzwa bitandukanye
Muri iyi rond point, hahagarara umupolisi uyobora ibinyabiziga. Aka kazitiro ubonaho umupira hejuru kubatswe kuko hambere abapolisi bagongerwaga mu muhanda bayobora imodoka
Ni gake cyane ubona abakarani bikorera imizigo ku mutwe
Nta mugenzi wambara ingofero kuri moto. Ibi mu Rwanda ni sakirirego
Nubwo inyubako nyinshi zubakishije imbaho, imbere mu biro zirarimbishwa hifashishijwe triplex ku buryo bunogeye ijisho
Nubwo RDC ikungahaye ku mashanyarazi, abura bya hato na hato bituma abenshi biteganyiriza moteri zo kwifashisha mu kazi

Amafoto: Muhizi Serge


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