Uko warinda umwana kugwingira bidasabye amikoro ahambaye

Yanditswe na Dufitumukiza Salathiel
Kuya 29 Werurwe 2021 saa 02:31
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Ubushakashatsi bwa Gatandatu ku Buzima n’Imibereho y’Abaturage mu Rwanda bwatangajwe n’Ikigo cy’Igihugu cy’Ibarurishamibare (NISR) bwerekanye ko abana 33% bafite ikibazo cyo kugwingira kubera imirire mibi.

Ni ubushakashatsi bukorwa buri nyuma y’imyaka itanu, aho ubwo mu Ukuboza 2020 bwagaragaje ko kuva mu 2015 abana bagwingira kubera imirire mibi bagabanutseho 5%, bava kuri 38% bagera kuri 33%.

Ni ubwo umubare ugenda ugabanuka, haracyari ibibazo by’imyumvire, ubumenyi buke no kutita ku bana bikomeje kuba imbogamizi yo kurandura igwingira mu Banyarwanda burundu.

Hari abitwaza ko iyo mirire mibi ku bana babo iterwa n’amikoro make, nyamara inzobere mu by’imirire zivuga ko kurinda umwana igwingira bidasaba amikoro ahambaye, ahubwo “ni ukubiha umwanya” kandi “ukumva ko bikenewe”.

Mu kiganiro na Mukakayumba Anastasie uzobereye mu by’Imirire, yasobanuye uburyo umubyeyi uwo ari we wese ashobora kurwanya igwingira bidashingiye ku kuba ari mu cyiciro runaka cy’imibereho.

Mukakayumba yavuze ko intambwe ikomeye iterwa umwana akivuka no mu bihe byo kumwonsa kugeza agize nibura imyaka ibiri.

Ati “Umwana akivuka aba agomba konswa mu minota 30 iyo nta kibazo cyihariye nyina afite kandi akamara nibura imyaka ibiri yonka. Ishobora no kurenga kuko si byiza gukura umwana ku ibere mu gihe agaragaza ko akirishaka. Kurimukuraho bikorwa aganirizwa buhoro buhoro, kugeza abyumvise akabyakira.”

Umwana umaze kugeza mu mezi atandatu, atangira gukenera imfashabere zunganira amashereka kugira ngo agire imbaraga. Ibyo na byo bigira uko bikorwa kandi bikitonderwa.

Mukakayumba yagize ati “Ubanza ibiryo byoroshye birimo isukari ariko bitabamo acide, nk’amaronji, marakuja, amapapayi na jus nkeya yoroheje. Imfashabere itanzwe neza kandi mu buryo bukwiriye, itwarwa buhoro buhoro witegereza neza ibyo umwana akunda akaba ari byo byitabwaho cyane, ibyo adakunda ntubimuhatire.”

Iyo nzobere ivuga ko iyo mfashabere uko umubyeyi wese yaba areshya yabasha kuyibonera umwana mu gihe abyitayeho ndetse akabihuza no kumukingiza uko bikwiye.

Ati “Ushobora kumuha ibiryo, ntumugirire isuku, ntumukingize n’ubundi akagwingira. Agomba konswa, akavuzwa igihe agaragaje uburwayi, agatangira guhabwa imfashabere mu gihe amezi yayo ageze kuko gutinda kuyimuha bituma umubiri utabona intungamubiri ukeneye zirenze iziri mu mashereka.”

Nyuma yo konsa neza, gukingiza no guha umwana imfashabere ndetse akanagirirwa isuku, iyo ageze igihe cyo kurya hari amafunguro yategurirwa kamurinda kugwingira haba mu gihagararo cyangwa mu ntekerezo.

Mukakayumba yavuze ko umwana mbere na mbere akenera igikoma cy’ifu ivanze kandi “iyo fu ntihenze ku buryo umuntu yavuga ko yayibuze kubera ubushobozi.”

Ati “Ni ifu ivanze irimo ibinyampeke nk’amasaka, uburo, ibigori, soya, ingano kandi nabyo hari uko bivangwa. Itegeko ryo kuvanga ibigize ifu y’igikoma ni ugufata utuyiko dutatu tw’ibinyampeke ugashyiramo akayiko kamwe k’ibinyamisogwe. Ubwo niba ari amasaka urakoresha dutatu, uvangemo kamwe ka soya.”

Icyakora yasobanuye ko ingano atari nziza ku bana bari munsi y’amezi 12.

Hasobanurwa ko umwana agenda ahabwa ibiryo bitewe n’uko amaze kungana. Iyo ataramera amenyo ahabwa ibyoroheje, yamera make hakagira ibyiyongera, yayamera yose nabwo akabasha kurya n’ibyo atahabwaga.

Yakomeje avuga ko “mu biryo bifasha kurinda umwana igwingira kandi abenshi babona harimo ibijumba, ibirayi, akawunga, soya, indagara n’imboga. Mu mikoro ya benshi ntawabura 100 ryo kugura igi yabishatse kuko riri mu byo umwana aba akeneye kenshi iyo atangiye kurya.”

“Imboga za dodo zirimeza ahantu henshi ku buryo n’utabasha kuzigura yazibona, ushobora gukoresha amashu, karoti, cyangwa isombe bitaguhenze.”

Uretse amafunguro, Mukakayumba yavuze ko umwana akenera n’imbuto kugira ngo umubiri we ukure neza.

Ati “Avoka, imineke, marakuja, amatunda, ibinyomoro n’izindi zirahari haba mu mijyi no mu cyaro.”

Mukakayumba asanga igwingira ry’abana rishingiye ku mirire mibi ridaturuka ku ibura ry’amafunguro akwiye, ahubwo bituruka “ku kutagira umuco wo kumva ko bikenewe.”

Yakomeje ati “Mbese ntibumve ko umwana agomba guhora arya ibijumba n’ibishyimbo buri gihe. Niba anabimuhaye, niyongeremo imboga, ashyiremo indagara, yongeremo igi; byanze bikunze umwana yakura neza.”

Asanga hakenewe ko buri mubyeyi ashyiramo imbaraga, mu gihe afite umwana akabiha agaciro mu kurandura icyo kibazo.

Yagaragaje ko ibibazo by’ubwumvikane buke mu muryango, kudafatanya n’imyumvire iciriritse biri mu bikomeje gutiza umurindi igwingira ry’abana.

Ikibazo cy'igwingira ry'abana rishingiye ku mirire mibi kigaragara mu cyaro no mu mijyi. Aha hari mu 2017, ubwo abana bagaragayeho imirire mibi mu Karere ka Kicukiro baabwaga amafunguro

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