Uko Perezida Habyarimana yataye umutwe kugeza ubwo ashatse kwegura

Yanditswe na IGIHE
Kuya 27 Mata 2021 saa 07:13
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Ntabwo bisanzwe kumva ko Perezida Habyarimana Juvénal wiyitaga ‘Ikinani cyananiye abagome n’abagambanyi’, nyuma y’imyaka 20 ku butegetsi yashoboraga gutinyuka kuvuga ko ananiwe kuyobora u Rwanda yigambaga ko yazanyemo ‘Demokarasi, Amahoro n’Amajyambere’.

Byarabaye mu 1993 nyuma y’impfu zitandukanye z’Abatutsi hirya no hino mu gihugu, nyuma y’igitutu cya FPR Inkotanyi yari yarabwiye ko igihugu cyuzuye. Muri icyo gihe, Habyarimana yamenyesheje u Bufaransa ko aho ibintu bigeze atagishoboye, asaba ko yakwegura gusa agaragaza ubwoba bw’ibishobora kumubaho nyuma kubera ibyaha yakoze.

Ubwabyo ni ikindi kimenyetso cy’imyitwarire y’u Bufaransa muri Afurika nyuma y’ubwigenge, aho cyakunze gushinjwa kwinjira mu mikorere y’ibihugu cyaba cyita inshuti, kugeza ubwo kigira ijambo ku muntu ugiye kuba Perezida, uwo badashaka cyangwa uwatannye mu murongo wabo.

U Rwanda mu manga mu 1993

Umwaka wa 1993 wageze ubutegetsi bwa Habyarimana buri mu manga. Ku ruhande rumwe bwari buhanganye n’urugamba FPR Inkotanyi yari imaze imyaka itatu itangije rwo kwisubiza uburenganzira bwo gutaha mu gihugu Habyarimana yari yaravuze ko cyabaye nk’ikiruhuri cyuzuye, bityo ko kitashobora kubakira.

Imbere mu gihugu Habyarimana yari ku kindi gitutu cy’amashyaka ataravugaga rumwe na we ndetse yasaga n’ayikururiye igice kinini cy’abaturage, ku buryo ijambo rye ritari rikijyana nkuko byahoze.

Habyarimana kandi yari ku gitutu cy’amashyaka yari amushyigikiye by’umwihariko MRND yari yarashinze na CDR itarifuzaga umututsi mu gihugu. Iby’amasezerano ya Arusha babifataga nk’ubugambanyi mu bundi. Hejuru yabyo hari ingabo zari zaracitsemo ibice, igice kinini cy’abasirikare bakuru b’abahutu bakomoka mu Majyaruguru n’Iburengerazuba kidashaka kumva ibyo kwinjiza ingabo za FPR Inkotanyi mu gisirikare cya Leta cyangwa kugabana ubutegetsi.

U Rwanda rwari rumaze igihe mu bibazo by’ubukungu byatangiye mu myaka ya 1988 ubwo ibiciro by’icyayi n’ikawa byagwaga cyane, amafaranga igihugu cyinjizaga akagabanyuka ubukene mu baturage buranuma aribwo hazaga politiki yo kwizirika umukanda. Hiyongeraho ibibazo by’amapfa adasanzwe yateye mu bice by’Amajyepfo y’igihugu, abaturage bagasonza bitavugwa, ubwivumbure burushaho kuba bwinshi.

Raporo Muse ivuga ko Habyarimana ibibazo byageze aho bikamubana insobe, kugeza ubwo yabonaga umwanzuro ari ukwegura gusa akagira ubwoba bw’ahazaza he nyuma y’ubwicanyi bwari bumaze igihe bukorerwwa abatutsi hirya no hino mu gihugu, bikozwe n’ingabo zifatanyije n’Interahamwe.

Kubera ubwicanyi bwari bumaze iminsi bukorwa na Leta hibasirwa abatutsi imbere mu gihugu mu guca intege FPR Inkotanyi, Uwo mutwe wari warahagaritse imirwano wiringiye imishyikirano y’amahoro ya Arusha, kwihangana byageze aho biranga imbere y’imirambo y’abatutsi bicwaga n’ingabo za Leta hamwe n’abahezanguni buri kanya.

Tariki 8 Gashyantare 1993 FPR Inkotanyi yagabye ibitero byari bigamije guha gasopo Leta ku bwicanyi bwibasiye abatutsi bwari bukabije hirya no hino mu gihugu.

Leta ya Habyarimana yatangiye kugira ubwoba, ishyira igitutu ku Bufaransa ngo bwongere ubufasha. Icyakora mu gukomeza gutinza, habayeho kwemera ibiganiro na FPR Inkotanyi. Ibyo biganiro byo muri Werurwe 1993 byabereye Dar es Salaam, mu by’ibanze FPR yasabye harimo guhagarika ubwicanyi no gusaba ko ngabo z’u Bufaransa ziva mu Rwanda.

Nubwo Raporo Muse ivuga ko kwemera imishyikirano byasaga nk’amayeri ya Leta ya Habyarimana ngo abone uko yitegura neza gutsinsura FPR, mu mashyaka y’abahutu arimo MRND na CDR bari batewe umujinya n’ubwo bwumvikane.

Byatunye tariki 10 Werurwe 1993 abarwanashyaka ba CDR na MRND bakora imyigaragambyo imbere ya ambasade y’Abafaransa, bamagana amasezerano ya Dar es Salaam, banasaba ko ingabo z’abafaransa ziguma mu Rwanda.

Ayo mashyaka Habyarimana ubwe yagize uruhare mu gushinga, ahubwo yari asigaye amufata nk’umugambanyi. Nka CDR uwo munsi w’imyigaragambyo yasohoye itangazo ivuga ko “ Habyarimana Juvenal atagihangayikishijwe n’inyungu z’igihugu, ahubwo afite izindi nyungu ze bwite aharanira”.

Aya magambo ntiyoroshye na mbe by’umwihariko guturuka mu kanwa k’abarwanashyaka ba CDR, ishyaka ryiyitaga iry’abahutu.

Uko kutishimirwa mu bahutu b’abahezanguni ari nabo yari yishyingikirije, kwaje gutuma hatangitra gukwirakwizwa ibihuha by’uko Perezida Habyarimana ashobora guhirikwa ku butegetsi nubwo nta gihamya n’imwe yigeze itangwa kuri ayo makuru.

Mu gisirikare naho umwuka ntiwari umeze neza kuko ingabo z’u Rwanda zitifuzaga ko iz’u Bufaransa zigenda ndetse nk’abasirikare babaga mu kigo cya Kanombe, bandikiye ibaruwa ubuyobozi bukuru bw’ingabo babwinubira no kuba ntacyo bukora ngo bwinjire mu bibazo igihugu gifite.

Tekereza umugaba w’Ikirenga w’ingabo watangiye kujorwa n’ingabo ze, Perezida utakigira ijambo mu ishyaka rye, raporo Muse ivuga ko Habyarimana yasaga nk’umuntu unaniwe cyane. Ibyo bigaragararira mu kwegura kwe ku buyobozi bw’ishyaka rya MRND tariki 30 Werurwe 1993.

Raporo igaragaza ko Habyarimana yasaga nk’umuntu wihebye utagifite ubushobozi bwo gushyira igihugu hamwe.

Nyuma yo kwegura mu ishyaka, yabwiye uwari ambasaderi w’u Bufaransa mu Rwanda, Georges Martres ko ashobora kwegura mu gihe amasezerano y’amahoro azaba arangiye hanashyizweho Guverinoma nshya.

Nubwo yashakaga kwegura, umutima wa Habyarimana ntiwari hamwe kubera ibyo yari yarakoze. Telegaramu zagaragaye ambasaderi Martres yoherezaga i Paris zivuga ko yari afite ubwoba bw’uko aramutse yeguye, abatavuga rumwe na we bashoboraga gutera hejuru bamusaba kujyanwa mu nkiko kubw’ibyaha yakoze akiri ku butegetsi.

Martres yandikiye Perezida Mitterrand w’u Bufaransa amubwira ko Habyarimana niyegura “icyo ashaka ari uburinzi bwo kuba mu gihugu nta we umukozeho”.

Habyarimana ubwe ni we wasabye ko ubwo butumwa bw’icyifuzo cyo kwegura bugezwa kuri Perezida François Mitterrand, kugira ngo amwumvishirize abataravugaga rumwe na we ko naramuka avuye ku butegetsi “ntawe uzamukoraho cyangwa ngo akore ku muryango we”.

Mu nyandiko zose za Mitterrand zazusumwe n’iza ambasaderi w’u Bufaransa mu Rwanda, ntaho bagaragaza niba Mitterrand yaragize icyo avuga ku busabe bwa Habyarimana, gusa icyumvikana ni uko bamugiriye inama yo kutarekura ubutegetsi.

Ibyo bigaragazwa n’uburyo yakomeje kwigira ntibindeba ku bibazo igihugu cyari gifite, abatutsi bagakomeza kwicwa, Interahamwe zikomeza guhabwa intwaro n’imyitozo, ibinyamakuru byakwizaga urwango bikomeza gukora.

Na nyuma yo gusinya amasezerano ya Arusha muri Kanama 1993, Habyarimana ntiyigeze yegura nkuko yari yabisezeranyije ahubwo yakomeje kunaniza ishyirwa mu bikorwa ryayo nko kwanga kurahiza Guverinoma nshya n’abagize Inteko Ishinga Amategeko kugeza ku munsi yapfiriyeho tariki 6 Mata 1994, bugacya Jenoside ishyirwa mu bikorwa mu gihugu hose.

Habyarimana yigeze gushaka kwegura ariko agira ubwoba bw'ibizakurikiraho nyuma

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