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U Rwanda rugeze kure umushinga wo gutarura inyandiko zarwo zibitswe mu mahanga

Yanditswe na Ndahayo Emmanuel
Kuya 14 Kamena 2021 saa 07:06
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U Rwanda ruri mu mushinga wo gutahura inyandiko zarwo zibitswe mu bihugu by’amahanga, birimo ibyo mu Karere ruherereyemo ndetse n’iziri ku Mugabane w’i Burayi.

Bitewe n’amateka u Rwanda rwanyuzemo, kugeza ubu rubitse inyandiko nke cyane kuko mu Ishyinguranyandiko z’Igihugu habitswe inyandiko 480 zifite paji miliyoni esheshatu gusa. Ni inyandiko za kera zirimo izo mu 1917.

Impamvu u Rwanda rufite inyandiko nke zifitanye isano n’amateka yarwo, kuko rwahoranye umuco wo guhererekanya amateka mu mvugo, rwanatangira kwandika, ntirwite ku nyandiko cyane ku buryo hari byinshi byanditswe ariko byazimiye kuko bitabitswe neza.

Aho Abanyarwanda batangiriye kwandika, urugendo rwo kubika inyandiko mu buryo bwiza rwakomwe mu nkokora na Jenoside yakorewe Abatutsi yasize inyandiko nyinshi zangijwe, izindi zikibwa, byose bikagira ingaruka zikomeye ku ibikwa ry’amakuru azakenerwa n’ibisekuru bizakurikiraho.

Nyuma ya Jenoside yakorewe Abatutsi mu 1994, ikibazo cy’inyandiko zibikitse nabi cyakomeje kugaragara, rimwe zikabura, ubundi zikaboneka zicagase, bigateza impaka ndetse n’ibihombo by’uburyo bunyuranye.

Mu 2008, Leta yafashe icyemezo cyo gukora isuzuma ryagaragaje ko hari ikibazo gikomeye cyo kubika amakuru mu nyandiko zabaga zakoreshejwe, kuko ubundi inyandiko z’ibikorwa byose bibera mu nzego za Leta, amagambo mbirwaruhame n’ibindi bishobora kuzakenerwa n’abaturage mu myaka iri imbere, ziba zigomba kubikwa neza.

Mu 2012, Leta yemeje Politiki igenga amakuru abitswe n’inyandiko zishyinguye, yari igamije gushyiraho umurongo w’uburyo inyandiko za Leta zigomba kujya zibikwa.

Iyi politiki yakoreshejwe mu kubika inyandiko z’Inkiko Gacaca, zibitswe mu buryo bw’ikoranabuhanga ndetse no mu buryo busanzwe.

Kugeza ubu ibigo bya Leta na Minisiteri bibitse amakuru yabyo ku kigero cya 80%, ndetse uturere turenga 20 tubitse amakuru yatwo mu buryo bugezweho.

Imirimo yo kugarura inyandiko z’u Rwanda ziri mu mahanga irarimbanyije

Muri uru rugamba rwo kubika amateka yaranze u Rwanda ku buryo azakoreshwa n’ibisekuru bizakuriraho, Leta iri mu mishyikirano n’u Bubiligi kugira ngo inyandiko z’u Rwanda icyo gihugu gifite zizanwe kubikwa mu Rwanda, kandi u Bubiligi bubifitemo ubushake.

Umukozi Ushinzwe Igenzura no Kumenyekanisha Inyandiko mu Nteko y’umuco, Uwineza Marie Claude, yavuze ko imirimo yo kuzana izi nyandiko igeze kure, ariko zikazazanwa mu buryo bw’ikoranabuhanga.

Uyu muyobozi yasobanuye ko inyandiko z’u Rwanda zagiye mu mahanga kubera amateka y’igihugu arimo ubukoloni, aho abakoronije u Rwanda bajyanye inyandiko z’u Rwanda mu bindi bihugu bari barakoronije ndetse no mu byo bakomokamo.

Yagize ati “Ziri ahantu henshi hatandukanye, hari iziri mu Bubiligi zagiye mu bihe bya Gikoloni, hari iziri mu Budage, hari iziri i Vatican, iziri mu Muryango w’Abibumbye, iziri i Burundi, Repubulika Iharanira Demokarasi ya Congo, Tanzania n’ahandi.”

Uwineza yabwiye RBA ko imishyikirano yo kuzana inyandiko mu Rwanda igeze kure, ati “Twatangiye imishyikirano kugira ngo inyandiko zitarurwe kandi bagaragaje ubushake bwo kuziduha. Turi gukorana ku mushinga w’imyaka itanu wo gutunganya inyandiko zibumbatiye amateka y’u Rwanda ziriyo, bigeze kure.”

Izi nyandiko zizabikwa mu buryo bw’ikoranabuhanga, ari nabwo buryo zizoherezwa mu Rwanda.

Umukozi Ushinzwe Kubika no Kubungabunga Inyandiko mu Nteko y’Umuco, Twagirayezu Yves, yasobanuye ko kubika inyandiko z’amateka y’u Rwanda neza, bizanafasha mu bikorwa by’ubushakashatsi ku mateka arimo Jenoside yakorewe Abatutsi, bityo abayagoreka bagasubizwa mu buryo bufite ireme bw’ubushakashatsi.

Yagize ati “Si ukuzibika gusa ahubwo ni ukuzikoresha ariko nanone zigakoreshwa mu bushakashatsi, bahereye ku byanditse bakiga bakamenya ibyabayeho mu Rwanda… ibyo bizafasha mu guhangana n’abagoreka amateka ya Jenoside yakorewe Abatutsi.”

Kugeza ubu, mu nyandiko zibitswe n’Inteko y’Umuco, 95% byazo bibitswe mu buryo bw’ikoranabuhanga, ibizatuma kuzigeraho byoroha ndetse n’umutekano wazo ukizerwa.

U Rwanda rumaze iminsi mu cyumweru cyahariwe kwita ku nyandiko, cyatangiye ku itariki ya 7 – 11 Kamena 2021.

Mu kwizihiza icyo cyumweru, insanganyamatsiko yaragiraga iti “Akamaro k’inyandiko guhesha agaciro abanyamwuga bacunga inyandiko” ndetse u Rwanda rwanizihije Umunsi Mpuzamahanga w’Ishyinguranyandiko wabaye kuwa 9 Kamena 2021, rukaba rwaratangiye kwizihiza uwo munsi mu 2018.

U Rwanda ruritegura kwakira inyandiko ziturutse mu Bubiligi zajyanyweyo mu bihe by'ubukoloni

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