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Imbamutima z’abaryamana bahuje igitsina mu Rwanda kuri Raporo ya HRW yabakozweho

Yanditswe na Ndahayo Emmanuel
Kuya 29 Nzeri 2021 saa 10:09
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Kuwa Mbere w’iki Cyumweru, Umuryango urengera uburenganzira bwa muntu, Human Right Watch (HRW), wasohoye raporo ku bijyanye n’imiterere y’uburenganzira bwa muntu mu Rwanda, igaruka ku ngingo zitandukanye zirimo n’uko abanyamuryango ba LGBTQ (abaryamana bahuje ibitsina), badahabwa uburenganzira bakwiriye.

Uyu muryango uvuga ko amakuru washingiyeho muri iyi raporo yavuye mu nkuru yakozwe n’ikinyamakuru ‘Vice’ igaruka ku birego by’abantu batavugwa amazina, bavuze ko bahohotewe mu bihe bitandukanye bikitirirwa Leta.

Muri iyo nkuru, nta hantu hagaragazwa ko ibyakozwe byari umugambi cyangwa gahunda y’igihugu iri kubahirizwa n’inzego zigarukwaho, zirimo Polisi ahubwo iki kinyamakuru cyerekana ko u Rwanda ari kimwe mu bihugu byo mu Karere ka Afurika y’Iburasizuba bitanga uburenganzira busesuye ku Banyamuryango ba LGBTQ.

Iyi raporo yunganirwa n’ibiganiro HRW ivuga ko yagiranye n’abantu umunani bafungiwe mu kigo ngororamuco kiri i Gikondo, bakavuga ko bahohotewe n’abafungwa bagenzi babo ndetse na Polisi ikongera gushinjwa, gusa nabwo ntihagaragazwe uburyo ibyakozwe n’abo bafungwa cyangwa abapolisi byari gahunda ya Leta iri kubahirizwa n’inzego bireba, ku buryo ari yo yabyitirirwa.

IGIHE yaganiriye n’abanyamuryango ba LGBTQ mu Rwanda, batubwira ko batunguwe no kubona iyi raporo, kuko amakuru ayirimo adahuye n’ukuri, bigaterwa n’uburyo u Rwanda ruzwi ku rwego mpuzamahanga mu bijyanye no kurengera uburenganzira bw’abanyamuryango ba LGBTQ.

Mu 2011, u Rwanda rwabaye igihugu rukumbi kiri muri Afurika yo Hagati n’Iburasirazuba, cyasinye amasezerano mpuzamahanga y’Umuryango w’Abibumbye yamagana ihohoterwa rikorerwa abanyamuryango ba LGBTQ.

Mu 2017, u Rwanda rwasinye umwanzuro w’Umuryango w’Abibumbye, wamagana ibihugu bikoresha igihano cy’urupfu ku bantu bakoze imibonano mpuzabitsina babihuje kandi babyumvikanyeho. Ni amasezerano na Leta Zunze Ubumwe za Amerika zitashyizeho umukono.

Raporo Ngarukamwaka ya ILGA yo mu 2020, igaragaza uburyo amategeko y’ibihugu bitandukanye ashyirwa mu bikorwa ku bijyanye n’abaryamana bahuje ibitsina, igaragaza ko u Rwanda rutagira amategeko ahana cyangwa abangamira uburenganzira bw’abanyamuryango ba LGBTQ.

Leta ntiyivanga mu buzima bw’abanyamuryango ba LGBTQ

Mu Kiganiro na IGIHE, Nabonibo Albert uri mu baharanira uburenganzira bw’abanyamuryango ba LBGTQ, yavuze ko yatunguwe no kubona raporo ya HRW na cyane ko mu myaka irenga itatu amaze atangaje ku mugaragaro ko ari umunyamuryango wa LGBTQ, atigeze ahura n’ihohoterwa iryo ari ryo ryose rikozwe n’urwego urwo ari rwo rwose rwa Leta.

Ati “[Tukimara kubona iriya raporo] Byaradutunguye cyane, kuko ubundi u Rwanda ruzwi nk’ahantu abanyamuryango ba LGBTQ bisanzura. Ibindi bihugu byose mu Karere [ka Afurika y’Iburasirazuba] bigira ibihano bihanishwa abanyamuryango ba LGBTQ, mu Rwanda ntabyo tugira. Rero kumva ko ari twe duhohoterwa ku buryo bijya muri raporo mpuzamahanga, byarantunguye.”

Nabonibo usanzwe anakora ibikorwa by’ubuvugizi ku banyamuryango, yavuze ko ahura na benshi bagize ibibazo by’ihohoterwa cyakora “ariko ntabwo ari ihohoterwa rikorwa n’inzego za Leta, ni ihohoterwa rishobora gukorerwa mu miryango cyangwa rigakorwa n’abandi bantu kubera ubumenyi bucye, ariko ubusanzwe tubanye na Leta neza kuko niyo tugize ibibazo, tuyibigezaho nk’abandi Banyarwanda bose kandi sindabona yanga kudufasha."

Umubano mwiza hagati ya Leta n’abanyamuryango ba LGBTQ, wemezwa na Gasore (amazina twahinduye) wavuze ko Leta ibitaho nk’uko yita ku bandi Banyarwanda.

Ati “Leta itwitaho nk’uko yita ku bandi Banyarwanda, niba ndwaye mbona ubuvuzi, ndetse ubu dufite abaganga bari hirya no hino batojwe kwita ku bibazo byacu by’umwihariko kandi no mu mavuriro ya Leta turahavurirwa. Ibyo ntibyashoboka Leta iramutse iturwanya.”

Yongeyeho ati “Turi umuryango mugari, tugira aho tubarizwa, tugira inama zihoraho dukora mu buryo bwagutse, dutuye ahantu hazwi, dukoresha imbuga nkoranyambaga ndetse tugira n’urusengero.”

“Ibyo byose ntabwo byabaho Leta itabishaka, kuko ntabwo dukora mu buryo bwihishe, tunagira konti dutangarizaho ibikorwa byacu kuri Twitter, Instagram na Facebook, nonese kuki batwihorera niba batadushaka? Hari abantu batangaje ko ari abanyamuryango mu buryo buzwi, nta n’umwe urabifungirwa. Ni ibyerekana ko Leta irengana kuko ntacyo idutwara na kimwe, ahubwo iradufasha mu bibazo byacu birimo kubona ubuvuzi, bikenewe kongerwamo imbaraga ariko birakorwa.”

Nabonibo Albert yavuze ko yatunguwe no kubona raporo ya HRW na cyane ko mu myaka irenga itatu amaze atangaje ku mugaragaro ko ari umunyamuryango wa LGBTQ, atigeze ahura n’ihohoterwa

Ihohoterwa ntirirashira mu muryango nyarwanda

Nubwo Leta itivanga mu mibereho y’abanyamuryango ba LGBTQ, umubare munini w’Abanyarwanda ntabwo urasobanukirwa iby’uyu muryango, ari nayo mpamvu ugihura n’ihohoterwa ritandukanye, ariko rikorwa n’abantu ku giti cyabo, aho kuba urwego rwa Leta.

Nabonibo yavuze ko ajya yakira ibibazo byinshi by’abanyamuryango bahohotewe, ariko wakurikirana ugasanga ni ibibazo by’imiryango ukwayo, cyangwa abantu ku giti cyabo.

Ati ‘Hari abajya bampamagaraga bambwira ibibazo bahuye nabyo, kenshi usanga ari ababyeyi bavumbuye ko abana babo ari abanyamuryango ba LGBTQ bikabarakaza, ugasanga birukanye umwana mu rugo cyangwa baramuheje.”

“Ibyo nkunda kubibona, ariko ibyo biba bikozwe n’ababyeyi, ntabwo wavuga ko ari ihohoterwa rikozwe na Leta, kandi nabwo uwo mubyeyi aramutse arengereye dushobora kumurega, kuko amategeko y’u Rwanda atanga uburenganzira bungana kuri buri wese. Ni ibintu dukemura binyuze mu biganiro.”

Ku ruhande rwa Ntaganda Imanzi Dylan, yavuze ko ikibazo gihari gishingiye ku myumvire, igituma abantu bafata abanyamuryango ba LGBTQ nk’abafite uburwayi bwo mu mutwe.

Ati “Hari ubwo uba uri kugenda mu muhanda, abantu bakakureba cyane, abandi bakaguseka [...] Ikibazo ni uko abo bantu baba bataratojwe, ariko ntabwo wabyitirira urwego rwa Polisi muri rusange, ahubwo ni imyitwarire itari myiza y’uwo mupolisi kuko nawe ni umuntu utuye mu muryango utaratwakira.”

Leta ikwiye gushyira imbaraga mu bukangurambaga

Imanzi yavuze ko aho ibintu bigeze, Leta ikwiye guhaguruka ikigisha Abanyarwanda uburenganzira bw’abaryamana bahuje ibitsina, kuko ari ho hakiri icyuho cy’abantu bayitukisha bavuga ko ibarenganya, nyamara barenganyijwe n’abantu ku giti cyabo.

Yagize ati “Leta ikwiye guhaguruka igakora ubukangurambaga bwagutse, abantu bose bakabimenya ko badakwiye kurenganya abanyamuryango ba LGBTQ. Nk’urugero, mbere abantu bafite ubumuga bwo kutavuga cyangwa kutumva babitaga amazina abatesha agaciro, ariko ubu nta muntu ushobora kubikora kuko Leta yarabihagurukiye ikigisha abantu."

Kuri twe ntibirakorwa, umuntu arajya mu rusengero akatwita amazina adakwiye (abatinganyi), akajya kuri radio na televiziyo akabivuga ntacyo yikanga, mugahura mu nzira akagutuka mu ruhame, ku buryo tumeze nk’abamenyereye gukorerwa iryo hohoterwa, aho umuntu agutuka ukumva ni ibisanzwe.”

“Hakenewe ko Leta ishyiramo imbaraga, ikigisha abantu kutwubaha nk’uko byagenze ku babana n’ubumuga. Ni ibintu bikenewe cyane, kandi bikagirwamo uruhare n’inzego nkuru za Leta, naho ubundi ntabwo bizapfa kwihindura, kandi bitugiraho ingaruka mbi.”

Imanzi kandi yavuze ko abantu bakora mu nzego za Leta bakunda guhura n’abantu benshi "Bakwiye kongererwa amahugurwa ku bijyanye n’abanyamuryango ba LGBTQ, bakamenya imvugo zikwiriye, uburyo babaha ubufasha bw’ibanze mu gihe bahohotewe mu ruhame n’ibindi bituma no mu gihe umuntu ahohotewe, ashobora kubona ubufasha byoroshye, kuko kububura biganisha ku bindi bibazo birimo uburwayi bw’agahinda gakabije."

Nabonibo yavuze ko Leta ikwiye no gutekereza uburyo hashyirwaho “Urwego rutuvuganira, rushinzwe ibikorwa byacu mu buryo bw’umwihariko kandi rufite ibyangombwa byose. Ibi bizatuma no mu gihe hakozwe raporo nk’izi z’ibinyoma, tubona urwego rushobora guhaguruka rukabyamagana kandi rufite ibimenyetso, rwarakoze ubushakashatsi ku buryo haba hari imibare izwi, ishobora kwifashishwa mu bihe ikenewe.”

Mu Karere ka Afurika y’Iburasirazuba, mu Rwanda niho honyine kuryamana cyangwa gukundana n’uwo muhuje igitsina atari icyaha gihanirwa n’amategeko.

Nko muri Kenya, iki gikorwa ni icyaha, gihanishwa igifungo cy’imyaka 14, bikaba imyaka ibiri mu Burundi. Muri Sudani y’Epfo, iki cyaha gihanishwa imyaka 10 y’igifungo, mu gihe muri Uganda na Tanzania gishobora gufungisha umuntu ubuzima bwe bwose, nk’uko raporo ya ILGA ibyerekana.

Video ku mibereho y’abanyamuryango ba LGBTQ mu Rwanda


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