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Mu rubanza rwa Rusesabagina havuzwe uburyo FLN yashoje intambara ishaka ibindi “biganiro bya Arusha”

Yanditswe na Dufitumukiza Salathiel
Kuya 14 Gicurasi 2021 saa 01:40
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Urugereko rwihariye rw’Urukiko Rukuru ruburanisha Ibyaha Mpuzamahanga n’Ibyambukiranya Imipaka, rwasubukuye urubanza ruregwamo Paul Rusesabagina na bagenzi be 20 bakurikirayweho ibyaha by’iterabwoba.

Kuri uyu wa 14 Gicurasi 2021 humviswe abarimo Munyaneza Anastase alias Job Kuramba, Iyamuremye Emmanuel alias Engambe Iyamusumba, Niyirora Marcel alias Bama Nicholas, Nshimiyimana Emmanuel, Kwitonda André, Hakizimana Théogène, Ndagijimana Jean Chrétien, Mukandutiye Angelina na Nsabimana Jean Damascène alias Motard.

Rusesabagina Paul we yikuye mu rubanza ku wa 12 Werurwe 2021, abwira Urukiko ko “nta butabera yiteze” kuko “uburenganzira bwe butubahirijwe” .

Uretse uwo mugabo w’imyaka 66, abandi bose bareganwa uko ari 20 bari mu cyumba cy’iburanisha.

Urukiko rwatangiye iburanisha rwumva ubwiregure bwa Munyaneza Anastase, ukurikiranyweho icyaha cyo kwinjira mu mutwe w’ingabo utemewe no kuba mu ishyirahamwe ry’iterabwoba.

Mbere yo kwiregura yavuze ko afite ikibazo cyo kuba atabasha guhagarara umwanya munini.

Icyaha cyo kwinjira mu mutwe w’ingabo utemewe ashinjwa yaburanye acyemera. Yavuze ko yinjiye mu gisirikare mu 1990, maze intambara itangira ari mu ishuri rya gisirikare yarangirijemo mu 1991 ahita ajya muri EX-FAR.

Yavuze ko mu 1994 yahungiye muri RDC, ahaba igihe maze mu 1997 ajya muri Centrafrique. Yavuze ko mu 1999 yasubiye muri RDC bigizwemo uruhare n’Ishami rya Loni ryita ku Mpunzi (UNHCR), agezeyo ajya mu gisirikare cya RDC.

Mu 2002 Leta ya RDC ngo yavuze ko nta munyamahanga ugomba kuba mu ngabo zayo, maze mu 2003 ajya muri Kivu y’Amajyaruguru, aho yavuye yerekeza muri Kivu y’Amajyepfo mu 2005. Icyo gihe cyose Munyaneza yabaga muri FDLR kugeza mu 2016.

Muri uwo mwaka, FDLR yabayemo ubwumvikane buke hagati y’abayobozi bakuru bayo, bituma icikamo ibice bibiri.

Wilson Irategeka wari umwe muri abo bayobozi yatangije umutwe we ku ruhande ari wo CNRD-Ubwiyunge, maze na Munyaneza aba ari wo ajyamo kugeza ubwo yafatwaga mu 2017 agafungwa.

Munyaneza Anastase yabwiye Urukiko ko yabaye muri FDLR na CNRD ariko ko atabaye muri FLN kuko yashinzwe yarafashwe.

Yasabye urukiko kumurekura kuko ngo nubwo yabaye muri FDLR, amasezerano mpuzamahanga avuga ko abakurikiranwa bahoze muri uwo mutwe ari abakoze ibyaha bya Jenoside, ibyaha by’intambara n’ibyibasiye inyokomuntu.

Ati “Rero kunkurikiranaho iki cyaha kwaba ari nko kuvuguruzanya kw’amategeko."

Ku kindi cyaha akurikiranyweho cyo kuba mu ishyirahamwe ry’iterabwoba, Munyaneza yabwiye Urukiko ko icyo cyaha atacyemera, kuko ubwo yafatwaga yari yaravuye muri FDLR kandi umuntu ukurikiranywaho icyo cyaha ari uwafashwe akiri mu mutwe.

Yabwiye Urukiko ko mu gihe yawumazemo cyose atigeze akora igikorwa cy’iterabwoba bityo ko icyo cyaha atacyemera.

Umucamanza yamwibukije ko adakurikiranyweho gukora ibikorwa by’iterabwoba ahubwo ko ari ukuba mu mutwe w’iterabwoba, asubiza ko atabyemera kuko yafashwe atakiwubamo.

Umwunganizi wa Munyaneza, Me Twajamahoro Herman, yahawe umwanya ngo agire icyo abivugaho, ashimangira ko imyiregurire y’umukiliya we n’iya mugenzi we wundi yunganiye Nsanzubukire Félicien “irimo ubwenge”.

Uwo munyamategeko yabwiye Urukiko ko amasezerano Munyaneza yavuze yakozwe hagati y’u Rwanda na RDC mu buryo bwo gushakira ibisubizo ababaga muri iyo mitwe. Kuba Munyaneza nta na kimwe mu byaha bitatu birimo ibya Jenoside, iby’intambara n’iby’ibasiye inyokomuntu ashinjwa, Me Twajamahoro yavuze ko atagomba gukurikiranwa.

Me Twajamahoro yasubiyemo ko itegeko rireba “uri” mu ishyirahamwe ry’iterabwoba kandi “wemera” atari “wemeye” kuwubamo, kandi Munyaneza “yafashwe atakiwubamo”.

Hakurikyeho ubwiregure bwa Iyamuremye Emmanuel ukurikiranyweho icyaha cyo kwinjira mu mutwe utemewe no kuba mu mutwe w’iterabwoba. Yemereye urukiko ko yinjiye mu mutwe w’iterabwoba ari wo FLN.

Iyamuremye yavuze ko mu 1998 abahoze ari abayobozi ba EX-FAR bakoze ubukangurambaga bashaka abasirikire bo kwinjiza mu ngabo za RDC kandi bakabahemba amadolari 100. Nibwo nawe yinjiye mu ngabo.

Bahise bajyana n’abo bayobozi babakoresha imyitozo ya gisirikare, mu bihe bitandukanye yisanga yageze i Katanga, i Lubumbashi, Kasimba n’ahandi.

Mu 2001 kugeza mu 2002 yinjiye mu ishuri rya gisirikari i Kamina. Nyuma yo kurangiza amasomo ngo barashweho n’ingabo za RDC, bahungiye mu Burengerazuba bahura n’abasirikari bahoze muri EX-FAR, babasaba kwinjira muri FDLR.

Iyamuremye yavuze ko yabaye muri uwo mutwe kugeza mu 2016. Ubwo FDLR yacikagamo ibice na we yagiye ku ruhande rwa CNRD-Ubwiyunge, ndetse ni “umwe mu bayishinze”.

Ageze muri CNRD yagizwe Umusirikare (commander) Mukuru kugeza mu 2019. Iyamuremye yemeye ko yari mu basirikare ba Wilson Irategeka bagombaga kuza gutera mu Burengerazuba bw’u Rwanda, ariko arabyanga.

Yavuze ko kutemeranya na bagenzi be gutera u Rwanda byavuye ku kuba yarabajije ibibazo abamuhaga amategeko, ibisubizo bamuhaye ntibyamunyura.

Ngo yahise asaba umugore we kubwira abayobozi ko afite uburwayi, atangaira gushaka uko yava mu mutwe w’iterabwoba.

Muri Nyakanga 2019 ni bwo yagiye gushaka ibyangombwa bizamufasha kwambuka umupaka, muri iyo minsi afatwa n’abashinzwe umutekano.

Iyamuremye yabajijwe n’umucamanza niba yaragize uruhare mu gutoranya abasirikare baza gutera mu Rwanda muri Werurwe 2019, ahakana ko nta ruhare yabigizemo.

FLN yashakaga imirwano hakaba ibindi biganiro bya Arusha

Abayobozi bakuru bungirije ba FDLR bagize ubwumvikane buke ubakuriye adahari, maze Wilson Irategeka abwira Iyamuremye kuyobora ingabo zari zishyigikiye ibitekerezo bye, abaha amategeko ndetse aba umwe mu bayobozi bakuru kugeza mu 2019.

CNRD yaje kwihuza n’Impuzamashyaka ya MRCD ya Paul Rusesabagina, Iyamuremye agera muri FLN gutyo.

Ku cyaha cyo kuba mu mutwe w’iterabwoba, Iyamuremye yaburanye yemera ko yabaye muri FLN ariko azi ko ari umutwe utavuga rumwe na Leta aho kuba uw’iterabwoba.

Ati “Nari nzi ko FLN izarwana n’ingabo za Leta y’u Rwanda igafasha Abanyarwanda bari bari muri RDC bakagaruka mu gihugu mu mahoro cyangwa bakagirana ibiganiro nk’ibyabereye Arusha.”

Muri iri buranisha havuzwe ko hari itsinda (délégation) ry’abitwaga “Abahuza” barimo na Mukandutiye Angelina bahuriye mu rubanza, ryagombaga kuzahuza abari muri iyo mitwe na Leta y’u Rwanda.

Ibiganiro bya Arusha bizwi mu mateka y’u Rwanda byabaye hagati ya 1991 na 1994 mu Rwanda ubwo ingabo za FPR Inkotanyi zatangizaga urugamba rwo kubohora igihugu.

Umucamanza yamubajije impamvu atafashe umwanzuro wo kuva muri FLN kandi abizi ko ari umutwe ugamije guhungabanya umutekano, undi asubiza ko yatinye ko byamenyekana akicwa.

Umucamanza yabajije Iyamuremye impamvu yemera ko yabaye muri FLN kandi atemera ko yabaye muri FDLR na CNRD, asobanura ko muri FLN yari azi ko ari umusirikare mu gihe ahandi atabishakaga.

Yagize ati “FLN nayibayemo ntazi ko ari umutwe w’iterabwoba.”

Umwunganizi wa Iyamuremye, Me Uramije James, yavuze ko umukiliya we atabazwa icyaha cyo kwinjira mu mutwe w’iterabwoba, kuko ubwo yinjiraga muri FDLR itegeko riyigira umutwe w’iterabwoba ritari ryagasohotse.

Yakomeje avuga ko kuba Iyamuremye yaranze kumvira abayobozi be bamusabaga kugaba ibitero, yamara kumenya ko umutwe arimo ari uw’iterabwoba akitandukanya nawo agafatirwa ku biro by’abinjira n’abasohoka ashaka kuwusohokamo “ari impamvu nyoroshyacyaha”.

Yavuze ko Iyamuremye yakurikiranywa harebwa uko yitwaye nyuma yo kumenya ko FLN ari umutwe w’iterabwoba, kandi yasobanuye ko akimara kubimenya yashatse uburyo bwo kuwuvamo.

Iyamuremye yasabye imbabazi Abanyarwanda ndetse avuga ko yicuza igihe cyose yamaze muri iyo mitwe.

Niyirora Marcel niwe wakurikiyeho yiregura ku kuba mu mutwe w’ingabo utemewe.
Yavuze ko yahungiye muri RDC 1994, mu 1996 yerekeza muri Congo Brazzaville inkambi zimaze gusenywa. Mu 1998 yagarutse muri RDC gufasha ingabo z’icyo gihugu kurwana intambara.

Mu 2001 nawe yagiye mu ishuri rya gisirikare i Kamina, aho yabanaga na Iyamuremye na Munyaneza. Hashize iminsi ingabo za RDC zirabahindukirana zirabirukana. Yahise yinjira muri FDLR.

Aho ngo niho babaye kugeza mu 2016 ubwo FDLR yacikagamo ibice, Niyirora nawe ajya muri CNRD Ubwiyunge. Yemereye Urukiko ko yabaye muri FDLR azi ko ari umutwe utemewe.

Niyirora yavuze ko ibiganiro bigamije gutaha mu mahoro byagiye bibaho mu bihe bitandukanye yari abishyigikiye, maze yumvise ko hatangijwe CNRD Ubwiyunge arabyishyimira ahita anayijyamo.

Yabwiye Urukiko ko nyuma y’aho umuyobozi wabo yababwiye ko bagiye kwihuza na MRCD ya Rusesabagina na RRM ya Sankara.

Ibyo kwihuza ngo yabimenye ku wa 1 Nyakanga 2017. Bababwiye ko umuyobozi ari Paul Rusesabagina, ariko ko azajya asimburana na Wilson Irategeka, mu 2018 haza kwiyungaho n’ishyaka rya Nsabimana Calixte “Sankara” ubwo nawe yinjira mu bayobozi.

Niyirora yavuze ko ibitero byagabwe muri Nyaruguru yabimenyeye mu itangazamakuru no ku mbuga nkoranyambaga kuko aho babaga bitavugwaga.

Ngo amaze kumva iby’ibyo bitero yumvise binyuranyije na bwa bumwe bavugaga, ahitamo kwitandukanya na FLN ariko afatwa n’ingabo za RDC mu 2019. Yafatiwe i Masisi muri Nyakanga 2019.

Yemereye Urukiko ko yabaye muri FDRL-FOCA na CNRD, aboneraho gusaba imbabazi Perezida wa Repubulika n’Abanyarwanda muri rusange, ndetse n’Urukiko yari ahagaze imbere.

Yasabye Urukiko kumubabarira icyo cyaha kuko hari n’abandi bagenzi be babanye muri iyo mitwe ariko bakaba baranyujijwe i Mutobo bagasubuzwa mu buzima busanzwe. Yasabye Urukiko ko hasuzumwa niba nta zindi mpamvu zihariye zatuma akurikiranwa.

Ku cyaha cyo kuba mu mutwe w’iterabwoba, yavuze ko atacyemera kuko nta bushake cyangwa uruhare yagize mu gukora ibikorwa by’iterabwoba.

Umucamanza yavuze ko icyo cyaha gishinjwa umuntu kuko yabaye mu mutwe w’iterabwoba abizi ko ari wo, ko bidasaba uruhare mu bikorwa by’iterabwoba.

Niyirora yavuze ko yabaye muri FDLR atazi ko ari umutwe w’iterabwoba.

Ku cyo kuba muri MRCD/FLN, Niyirora yavuze ko yemera ko yayibayemo ndetse abisabira imbabazi, ariko ko nyuma yo kumenya ko yagabye ibitero by’iterabwoba yahise yitandukanya nayo.

Uru rubanza ruregwamo abantu 21 barimo Nsabimana Callixte alias Sankara, Nsengimana Herman, Rusesabagina Paul, Nizeyimana Marc, Bizimana Cassien, alias Bizimana Patience, alias Passy, alias Selemani, Matakamba Jean Berchmans, Shabani Emmanuel, Ntibiramira Innocent, Byukusenge Jean Claude, Nikuzwe Simeon, Ntabanganyimana Joseph alias Combe Barume Matata, Nsanzubukire Félicien alias Irakiza Fred, Munyaneza Anastase alias Job Kuramba, Iyamuremye Emmanuel alias Engambe Iyamusumba, Niyirora Marcel alias BAMA Nicholas, Nshimiyimana Emmanuel, Kwitonda André, Hakizimana Théogène, Ndagijimana Jean Chrétien, Mukandutiye Angelina na Nsabimana Jean Damascène alias Motard.

Munyaneza Anastase mbere yo kwiregura yavuze ko afite ikibazo cyo kuba atabasha guhagarara umwanya munini, yemererwa kwicara
Inteko Iburanisha yungurana ibitekerezo mu gihe urubanza rwari rukomeje
Iyamuremye Emmanuel yasabye ko yasubizwa mu buzima busanzwe kuko ngo amaze kubona ko ari mu mutwe w’iterabwoba yahise awuvamo

Amafoto: Igirubuntu Darcy


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