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Kugaruza inguzanyo zatanzwe muri VUP byabaye agatereranzamba

Yanditswe na Ntabareshya Jean de Dieu
Kuya 9 Nyakanga 2021 saa 09:53
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Raporo y’Umugenzuzi Mukuru w’Imari ya Leta ya 2019/20, igaragaza ko muri gahunda igihugu cyari cyihaye yo gufasha abatishoboye izwi nka “Vision Umurenge Program”, arenga miliyari 5,4 Frw y’inguzanyo zatanzwemo atagarujwe.

Ibi byagaragajwe n’Umugenzuzi Mukuru w’Imari ya Leta muri raporo ye avuga ko hari gahunda yo kugaruza inguzanyo yatanzwe mu gihe cy’imyaka 11 ishize ariko inzego z’ibanze zikaba zitarigeze zikora raporo ku mafaranga yabasha kugaruzwa cyangwa uburyo azagaruzwa.

Gahunda ya VUP yatangijwe mu 2008 ifite intumbero yo guhangana n’ubukene no kwivana mu bukene nk’imwe mu nkingi z’Umuryango w’Abibumbye zigamije iterambere rirambye yo kurandura ubukene bukabije mu 2030 ariko u Rwanda rwifuzaga kubigeraho mbere y’imyaka icumi n’ubwo bitagezwe.

Kuba hatabaho uburyo buhamye bwo kugaruza ayo mafaranga bituma atagera ku bagenerwabikorwa benshi ngo bikure mu bukene.

Muri gahunda ya VUP amafaranga yatangwaga mu byiciro bitatu bitandukanye birimo abashoboye gukora bahabwaga imirimo, inguzanyo zo gutangiza imishinga mito mu rwego rwo kwiteza imbere n’amafaranga yahabwaga abageze mu za bukuru (inkunga y’ingoboka) batagishoboye gukora agamije kubafasha kubaho mu buzima bwa buri munsi.

Ibi ariko ntituri bubitindeho, reka twigarukire ku cyiciro cyo gukoresha abaturage bari hagati y’imyaka 18 na 65 bari bagize 40% by’abaturage bashoboraga gukora muri icyo gihe ndetse bamwe muri bo bagahabwa n’inguzanyo ngo bitangirire imishinga.

Mu gutanga izi nguzanyo hibandwaga cyane ku bakorera mu makoperative kugira ngo bahuze imbaraga bazamurane, mu bihe bitandukanye hagiye hakorwa igenzura bagasanga amwe mu makoperative yari baringa, yarashinzwe agamije kurigisa amafaranga yagenewe kuzamura ubukungu bw’igihugu.

Muri raporo y’Umugenzuzi Mukuru w’Imari ya Leta ya 2019/20, yerekana neza ko amafaranga 5 794 922 324 Frw yatanzwe nk’inguzanyo zo guteza imbere Abanyarwanda kugeza muri Kamena 2020 hari hamaze kugaruzwa 390 947 193 Frw bingana 8% by’ayatanzwe gusa. Nyamara muri icyo gihe cyose cy’imyaka isaga 11 ishize nta raporo igaragaza ashobora kugaruzwa n’atagaruzwa, bigatuma habaho kudindira.

Ikigo cy’Igihugu gishinzwe guteza imbere ibikorwa by’iterambere mu nzego z’ibanze,LODA, gifite mu nshingano zacyo gukurikirana ishyirwa mu bikorwa rya gahunda yo kwihutisha iterambere, gahunda mbaturabukungu EDPRS na VUP ntikigeze kigaragaza uburyo bwo kugaruza ayo mafaranga angana na 82% by’ayatanzwe.

Umugenzuzi Mukuru w’Imari ya Leta yasabye LODA gufatanya n’inzego z’uturere hagakorwa raporo igaragaza amafaranga yagarujwe n’ataragaruzwa kandi bagashyira imbaraga mu kugaruza ayo babona ba nyiri kuyatwara bafitiye ubushobozi bwo kuzishyura.

Mu kiganiro na IGIHE, Umuyobozi Mukuru wa LODA, Nyinawagaga Claudine Marie Solange, yavuze ko impamvu amafaranga atagarujwe ku gihe byatewe n’amakosa aba mu itangwa ry’izo nguzanyo n’imbogamizi zo kuba amakuru ajyanye nazo yarabikwaga mu makayi.

Ati “Kubera ko zimaze igihe kinini, inyinshi zatanzwe tudafite uburyo bw’ikoranabuhanga bwo gutanga amakuru bityo ugasanga hari nk’umuntu wimutse dufite amazina naho atuye ariko tudafite indangamuntu kuko ni inguzanyo zatanzwe mu mwaka w’ingengo y’imari ya 2008/09, ugasanga inguzanyo zirandikwa mu makayi ariko ugasanga nta ndangamuntu yewe harimo n’abari batarabona telefoni icyo gihe.”

Yavuze ko kandi impamvu zo gutinda kwishyura aho baboneye uburyo bw’ikoranabuhanga, hari aho baburaga amakuru yuzuye kuri wa muntu watwaye inguzanyo.

Ati “Ikibazo cya mbere byari ukumenya amakuru ku bimutse aho bari batuye, amakuru ku bitabye Imana ndetse n’imishinga imwe n’imwe yagiye ihomba cyane bitewe n’amapfa n’ibindi bibazo ugasanga umuturage yari asanzwe afite amikoro make, inguzanyo yayihawe ngo yiteze imbere ariko yagize ikibazo arahomba.”

Yavuze ko hari gahunda yo gukusanya amakuru bagamije kumenya umuntu wese utarishyura inguzanyo ufite ubushobozi, kumenya uwaba yarapfuye atishyuye, hagamijwe gusobanura amafaranga ashobora kugaruzwa n’atagaruzwa.

Ku bazasangwa bafite ubushobozi biteganyijwe ko bazagirana amasezerano mashya agenga imyishyurire ku buryo nyuma y’umwaka umwe gusa ni ukuvuga ko mu mwaka wa 2022 amafaranga ashobora kugaruzwa azaba yaragarujwe.

Uyu muyobozi yagaragaje ko muri ibi bihe, izi nguzanyo zisigaye zitangwa mu buryo bwizewe kuko zinyuzwa muri Koperative Umurenge SACCO ziri mu mirenge ndetse hanashyizweho abantu bashinzwe gukurikirana ishyirwa mu bikorwa ry’imishinga yakirwa inguzanyo.

Gutinda kwishyurwa ku bakoze imirimo

Uretse ibibazo byo kudakurikirana amafaranga yatanzwe nk’inguzanyo, muri VUP, hakunze kuvugwa no kutishyura abakozi ku gihe, ibintu byabakomaga mu nkokora mu kwiteza imbere kabone n’ubwo bakoraga ariko hari abagorwaga no kwibeshaho.

Ubusanzwe muri iyi gahunda byari biteganyijwe ko abakozi bagomba guhembwa nibura nyuma y’iminsi cumi n’itanu ariko si ko byagendaga kuko wasangaga abaturage babogoza kugira ngo bishyurwe.

Umugenzuzi Mukuru w’Imari ya Leta yagaragaje ko mu turere turindwi habayeho gukererwa kwishyura abakozi amafaranga angana na miliyoni 142,3 Frw kandi ubwo bukererwe bwari butwaye iminsi 309 bingana n’amezi 10 abantu bakoze batarahembwa kandi ariho bari bategeye.

Nko mu 2018 hagaragajwe ko abakoze muri gahunda za VUP hishyuwe miliyoni 975,5 Frw nyuma y’ubukererwe bw’iminsi 187.

Nyinawagaga yabwiye IGIHE ko ibibazo byo gutinda kwishyura abakozi kuri ubu byamaze gushakirwa umuti ariko nabyo byaterwaga ahanini n’uburyo amakuru y’abakozi yatangwagamo.

Ati “Twaricaye tubanza kureba ngo byaraterwaga n’iki, dusanga ari uko wasangaga abaturage barakoze ariko lisite zihemba zikozwe impitagihe, aho twashyizeho uburyo bwo kuzikora mu buryo bwihuse, icya kabiri wasangaga iyo amafaranga yageraga ku karere rimwe na rimwe nta guhana amakuru hagati y’Umunyamabanga Nshingwabikorwa w’Akarere n’Umuyobozi ushinzwe imibereho myiza, ikindi cyagararaye ni uko hari n’aho uturere twoherezaga amafaranga kuri SACCO nazo zikaryama.”

Umugenzuzi Mukuru w’Imari ya Leta yasabye ko mu kugera ku iterambere ryifuzwa, Minisiteri y’Ubutegetsi bw’Igihugu, MINALOC, LODA n’inzego z’Intara bakwiye gutekereza umushinga ari uko uturere twerekanye ko twateguye n’uburyo butarambiranye bwo kwishyura abakoze imirimo kuko akenshi ariho baba bateze amaramuko.

Amaterasi yitezweho guhindura byinshi
Imihanda iri mu byakozwe muri gahunda ya VUP
VUP yashyizweho igamije kuzamura imibereho y'abanyarwanda ahanini kurandura ubukene

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