Inzira y’inzitane y’abadipolomate ba mbere b’u Rwanda nyuma ya Jenoside

Yanditswe na Philbert Girinema
Kuya 14 Gicurasi 2018 saa 10:53
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Jenoside yakorewe Abatutsi yasigiye u Rwanda igikomere mu nguni zose. Usibye kuba abasaga miliyoni barabuze ubuzima, igihugu cyarasenyutse bigaragara, gitakaza n’amaboko, abaturanyi bagiciraho iteka basigara bakireba nk’umwana wanzwe n’abe.

Umukuru w’Igihugu yigeze kuvuga uburyo urugendo rwo kubaka igihugu rutari rworoshye ashingiye ku kuba nyuma ya Jenoside yakorewe Abatutsi ibintu byose byari byarasenyutse ku buryo nta kimenyetso na kimwe cyashoboraga kugaragaza ubukungu bwacyo ahubwo kubaka ari nko guhera kuri zeru.

Kimwe mu byatumye u Rwanda rugera aho ruri magingo aya nyuma y’ibihe bikomeye bya Jenoside, bishingiye ahanini ku kureba kure no ku buyobozi bushobora guhuriza hamwe abaturage.

Perezida Kagame ubwo yaganiraga na RBA muri Kamena 2017, yavuze ko “mu 1994 nyuma ya Jenoside, twahereye hafi ku busa. Byari ibihe biteye ubwoba bitari ukubura abantu gusa ahubwo kubura buri kimwe cyose.’’

Muri dipolomasi y’igihugu ho byari bikomeye. Hari ibihugu bimwe bitabonaga u Rwanda nk’urudashobora igihugu gishobora kongera kwiyubaka ndetse bimwe bikifuza ko cyakomekwa ku bindi aho kuba ikigenga ukwacyo.

Depite Mutimura Zeno, ni umwe mu babaye abadipolomate b’u Rwanda ba mbere nyuma ya Jenoside yakorewe Abatutsi. Mu buzima busanzwe yavukiye mu Karere ka Gatsibo ku wa 1 Kamena 1944, aba impunzi nka bamwe mu Banyarwanda muri kiriya gihe aho yagiye muri Uganda.

Yize ibijyanye n’Ubuvuzi, aminuza by’umwihariko mu gusuzuma indwara z’amaraso muri Uganda na Kenya. Yakoze muri Kenya aho mu 1975 yari muri Kaminuza ya Nairobi, ajya mu bitaro bitandukanye birimo nka Aga Khan n’ibindi.

Nk’umuganga wabigize umwuga, Mutimura yaje no kwisanga yinjiye muri politiki nyuma y’ubuzima bukomeye yanyuzemo nk’impunzi.

Ati “Njye n’abandi twaricaraga tukaganira n’aho twari mu ishuri. Iyo twarebaga u Rwanda, wasangaga ibibazo bihari nta n’umuntu ushobora kubisobanura. Abantu babaga bumva nta gisubizo gishobora kuboneka. Abo twaganiraga twaje kugera aho twibaza ko ibibazo natwe bitureba. Ni uko byatangiye.”

Icyo gihe ngo benshi bari bihebye, abari mu buhunzi batumva aho bahera. Icyo gihe ngo mu 1975 muri Uganda hari ibibazo bya politiki, we n’abandi bajya muri Kenya ashaka akazi agize amahirwe akabona muri University of Nairobi, anakomeza kwiga.

Aha muri Kenya we n’abandi , binjiye muri RANU yaje guhinduka FPR Inkotanyi batangira urugamba rwo kubohora igihugu nk’abanyapolitiki.

Depite Mutimura Zeno w'imyaka 74 ni umwe mu babaye abadipolomate b’u Rwanda ba mbere nyuma ya Jenoside yakorewe Abatutsi

Ubuzima nk’umudipolomate wa mbere w’u Rwanda nyuma ya Jenoside

Nyuma yaho Ingabo za RPA zari ziyobowe na Maj. Paul Kagame zitsindiye urugamba rwo kubohora igihugu zigahagarika na Jenoside, Mutimura ni umwe mu babaye abadipolomate b’u Rwanda mu bihugu bitandukanye aho yari afite akazi gakomeye ko kugarura isura y’igihugu cyafatwaga nk’icy’abicanyi.

Kuva mu 1994 kugera 1996, yabaye Umujyanama wa Mbere muri Ambasade y’u Rwanda i Addis Abeba muri Ethiopie ahavuye akora muri Minisiteri y’Ububanyi n’Amahanga; mu 1999 kugera mu 2005 ajya mu Bushinwa; mu 2005 kugera mu 2009 aba Ambasaderi w’u Rwanda i Dar es Salaam muri Tanzania; mu 2009 kugera mu 2011 aba Umujyanama mu bya Dipolomasi w’Umunyamabanga Mukuru wa FPR aho yavuye mu 2011 yinjira mu Nteko Ishinga Amategeko nk’Umudepite watanzwe n’Umuryango FPR Inkotanyi.

Avuga ku bihe byaranze igihe cye muri Ambasade y’u Rwanda muri Ethiopie, yagize ati “Icyo gihe byari bimeze nabi cyane. Byari bikomeye cyane” kuko kugira ngo amahanga agirire icyizere u Rwanda byari ihurizo.

Akomeza agira ati “FPR imaze kubohora u Rwanda, ibintu byari bimeze nabi cyane […] mbere y’aho ububanyi n’amahanga bwari bushingiye ku kubuza Abanyarwanda kuzagaruka mu gihugu cyabo.”

“Ibihugu byinshi byumvaga byanaturwanya, ariko hageragejwe dipolomasi nziza niyo mpamvu tugeze uyu munsi kubera kubana neza, kumenya kugaragaza ibibazo uko biri. N’Abafaransa twashatse kubana nabo.”

Hari ba Ambasaderi basabwe gutaha mu gihugu barabyanga

Nyuma ya Jenoside, ba Ambasaderi bamwe bari mu bihugu bitandukanye basabwe gutaha basimbuzwa abandi ariko abenshi barabyanga n’ubwo bahabwaga amafaranga abacyura ariko bahisemo kwigumira mu buhungiro.

Ngo aba badipolomate bahabwaga imishahara yabo mu mafaranga make igihugu cyari gifite, bakishyurirwa amadeni, ariko bakanga gutaha.

Ati “Leta y’u Rwanda yihaye inshingano zo gucyura abadipolomate yari ifite mu bihugu hirya no hino. Yihaye inshingano yo kuvuga ngo abo badipolomate bose bagaruke, abandi baguma mu butumwa bwabo. Icyaje kugaragara, njye nagiye Ethiopie, hari abo nasanze muri Ambasade yacu, abo bantu bari bavuyemo nari mfite inshingano zo kubishyura. Bahawe amatike n’ibindi ariko no kuva muri Ambasade byari ikibazo.”

“Twagombaga kubaha amatike, kubishyurira imyenda bari bafiteyo, imishahara […] abadipolomate twari dufite bose, bamwe bari ba Ambasaderi hirya no hino, bahawe ibyangombwa byose; hagarutse umudipolomate umwe witwaga Sentama wari Umujyanama i Burundi, abandi babahaga ibyangombwa bakemera kuguma hanze. Nta cyizere bari bafite, bumvaga iyi leta itazashinga. N’aho twari twagendeye mu gihe kimwe, muri uriya mwaka umwe bari bagiye mu buhunzi.”

Usibye ibibazo by’abatarashakaga gutahuka mu Rwanda bagahitamo kujya mu buhungiro, ngo hari n’abandi wasangaga bakora muri Ambasade nk’abareberera inyungu z’igihugu ariko bakaba aba mbere mu kugisenya mu mbwirwaruhame zabo.

Ati “Twagombaga gutanga ubutumwa mu nama ya OUA. Ambasaderi agomba kuyitanga, atanga ubutumwa busenya u Rwanda mwicaye inyuma. Urumva kugira ngo Ambasaderi uhagarariye igihugu agisenye ni ikintu gikomeye cyane. Ibyo ni ibibazo. Ni ikimenyetso cy’ibibazo twari dufite.”

Depite Mutimura akunda igitabo cyitwa King Leopold's Ghost cya Adam Hochschild kivuga ku bibazo bya Repubulika Iharanira Demokarasi ya Congo

Ubushobozi bwabaye ikibazo

Depite Mutimura avuga ko abantu bagiye gukora muri za Ambasade icyo gihe nta bushobozi bafite, bikubitana n’uko hari n’uwari wahawe amafaranga yo gufungura Ambasade akayitwarira.

Ati “Kutagira abadipolomate mu Muryango w’Abibumbye byonyine byari ikibazo gikomeye cyane. Minisitiri Ndagijimana bamuhaye amafaranga ngo ajye gufungura Ambasade yacu i New York ayakubita ku mufuka arigendera. Ibyo ni ibibazo byari ho. N’abari bagiriwe icyizere, hari abasigayeyo, abandi barigendera.”

Perezida Kagame yigeze gukomoza kuri Ndagijimana wabaye Minisitiri w’Ububanyi n’Amahanga w’u Rwanda, avuga uburyo yatorokanye ibihumbi 200 by’amadolari byagombaga kwifashishwa mu gufungura Ambasade i New York.

Ati “Uriya mugabo wahunze hano ari uwa mbere witwa Jean Marie Vianney Ndagijimana umwe wabaye Minisitiri w’Ububanyi n’Amahanga usibye kuba yarungukiye kuri ayo mafaranga yaranayibye. Umunsi wa mbere yagiye, yatorokanye ibihumbi 200 by’amadolari yari ahawe kugira ngo ayifashishe mu gufungura za Ambasade. Uwo mugabo yaragiye arayagumana sinzi icyo yamugejejeho gusa nta kinini mbona.”

Nyuma ya Jenoside u Rwanda rwafashe umwanzuro wo kujya mu miryango mpuzamahanga nka Commonwealth mu 1999 rwemererwa mu 2009, ndetse rusaba kujya muri EAC mu 1996, ruza kwemererwa kuwinjiramo mu 2007. Rwahise rufungura Ambasade mu Bwongereza, muri Israel, Suède n’ahandi kugira ngo rubashe kugirana imikoranire n’ibihugu by’impande zose.

Kugeza ubu, u Rwanda rufite ambasade 33 zikorera mu bihugu 147. Runafite abagera kuri 37 bahagarariye inyungu zarwo (honorary consuls) mu bihugu 17. Mu Karere no ku ruhando mpuzamahanga, u Rwanda rubarizwa mu miryango 201.

Amafoto na Video: Kazungu Armand


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