Inzira y’inzitane n’ubutwari bwa Maj. Gatarayiha wanzwe urunuka na Habyarimana azira gushaka Umututsikazi

Yanditswe na Cyprien Niyomwungeri
Kuya 2 Gicurasi 2018 saa 10:21
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Maj.Gatarayiha Augustin, ni umusaza w’imyaka 68 wavukiye mu yahoze ari Kibungo uba akaba atuye mu mudugudu w’Urumuri, Akagari ka Rukiri I, Umurenge wa Remera mu Karere ka Gasabo. Yabaye mu gisirikare cya Habyarimana imyaka 22 kuva mu 1970 kugeza mu 1992, aho yagihuriyemo n’ibyago n’ibigeragezo azira ko yashakanye n’Umututsikazi.

Yinjiye mu Ishuri rikuru rya Gisirikare mu 1970, arirangizamo mu 1972, ahabwa umwaka umwe wo kwimenyereza muri Polisi, agirwa Sous-Komiseri wa Polisi. Habyarimana afashe ubutegetsi mu 1973, yahuje icyari polisi n’ingabo z’igihugu, bituma Maj. Gatarayiha akomereza imirimo mu gisirikare cyane cyane kwigisha mu mashuri Makuru ya gisirikare.

Iyo uganiriye n’uyu musaza wibuka intambwe ku yindi urugendo rwe rwose yaba mu gisirikare na nyuma yacyo, ntutinda kubona agahinda yatewe n’inzira y’inzitane yuje urwango yagiriwe kuva mu 1980, ubwo yafataga icyemezo cyo kurushinga.

Yamaze umwaka Habyarimana yaramwangiye gushaka

Mu gisirikare kugira ngo ushake umugore wagombaga kwandikira Perezida wa Repubulika ukamusaba uruhusa rwo kurongora umukobwa kanaka. Maj.Gatarayiha wemeza ko ubusanzwe yari abanye neza na Habyarimana, ngo yaramwandikiye abimusaba biba intandaro yo kumwanga no gutangira kugira ibibazo.

Yagize ati “Narabikoze mu 1980, bigeze muri Minisiteri y’ingabo ibaruwa yanjye barayifunga banambwira ko bidashoboka, barabyanga. Namaze umwaka wose ntegereje igisubizo kandi abandi babasubiza uwo munsi.”

Impamvu ubusabe bwe bwashyizwe ku ruhande ni uko yari agiye kurongora Umututsikazi, kandi akaba yari yaratsimbaraye ko aho kumureka yareka igisirikare. Maj. Gatarayiha yaje kwemererwa ariko ngo biba intandaro yo kutongera kuzamurwa mu ntera, kutakirwa n’Umukuru w’igihugu no guhabwa amanota make mu mikorere.

Ati “Namaze imyaka umunani ku ipeti rya komanda abandi bazamuka ndeba.”

MRND yamwiciye umwana

Mu 1987 ubwo Maj.Gatarayiha yayoboraga Ikigo cya gisirikare i Gitarama, imodoka ya MRND [ishyaka rya Habyarimana], yamugongeye umwana ajya ku ishuri. Umuyobozi wamugonze bari baziranye ahita atega indi modoka asubira i Kigali atamwihanganishije no mu gushyingura ntiyahagera.

Yagize ati “Igihe nayoboraga Gitarama barandwanyije cyane kugeza ubwo imodoka ya MRND yanyiciye umwana imugonze, nandikiye Habyarimana ngo musabe kubonana na we, arabyanga.”

Inzira y’inzitane ntiyarangiriye aho kuko mu 1990 ubwo Inkotanyi zateraga, Maj. Gatarayiha wakoraga mu kigo cya gisirikare mu Bugesera, yambuwe batayo ya 71, yayoboraga nyuma amenya ko byatewe n’uko hari abamureze ko yatangaga amakuru mu Nkotanyi.

Yagize ati “Mu matariki 7 Ukwakira 1990, nambuwe abasirikare nayoboraga mbona ubutumwa buvuye muri Minisiteri y’Ingabo busa n’ubunyirukana kuko kukwambura abasirikare uyobora cyari ikimenyetso gisa n’aho baguciye.”

Nyuma y’iki gikorwa yoherejwe i Cyangugu agenda mu ndege itwawe n’abasirikare babiri ariko inyuma ye harimo umusirikare wo muri batayo Parakomando umutunze imbunda kuko ‘ngo bari batanze amakuru bavuga ko ninjya mu ndege nyiyobya nkayijyana muri Zambia.’

Maj. Gatarayiha utaravugaga rumwe na Habyarimana, yamutumyeho inshuro ebyiri mu cyumweru kimwe, aho ku nshuro ya mbere yamubwiye ko afite amakuru y’uko ataba muri MRND, undi akamusubiza ko niyo yayivamo byakumvikana kuko yamwiciye umwana.

Kimwe n’ibindi batumvikanyeho, byatumye mu 1992, amwohereza mu Bugesera, muri Kamena hafatirwa umusirikare wiyemereye ko yari yatumwe kumurasa.

Uku guhigwa bukware niko kwatumye mu 1992 yandika asezera mu gisirikare asubizwa nyuma y’amezi atandatu, abwirwa ko yemerewe amezi 18 y’ikiruhuko atari ugusezera.

Maj. Gatarayiha avuga ko MRND yamwiciye umwana imugongeye i Muhanga

Ab’i Byumba baramushima

Nyuma yo kuva i Cyangugu mu mpera za Ukuboza 1990, Maj. Gatarayiha yoherejwe mu kigo cya Gisirikare i Byumba, ahamara umwaka umwe ashinzwe ibyerekeye kugemurira abasirikare ibiryo, kubashakira inzoga n’imodoka zo kubatwara.

Mu bihe by’abiswe ibyitso by’Inkotanyi, hari abavuga ko Maj. Gatarayiha yari Umuyobozi wungirije Maj. Ngira wayoboraga Ikigo cya Gisirikare i Byumba ndetse bakamutunga agatoki ko yaba ari mu bakiraga ababaga bafashwe bamwe bakicwa abandi bagafungwa.

Asobanura ko ibi ari ukumuharabika kuko atigeze yungiriza Maj. Ngira ndetse atigeze anahamusanga ubwo bahamwoherezaga avuye i Cyangugu.

Yagize ati “I Cyangugu najyaga mbona ubutumwa bwa gisirikare, muri ubwo butumwa nabonyemo bumwe bwavugaga ko uwitwaga Maj. Ngira wayoboraga ikigo cya Byumba bari bamukuyeyo ndetse baranamufunga, icyamufunze sinkizi.”

Akomeza agira ati “Nakomeje mba i Cyangugu [Maj. Ngira] asimburwa na Col. Nshizirungu, nawe agenda yungirijwe na Maj. Hakizimana waje kuba Lt.Col nyuma y’aho gato. Nibo bagiye kuyobora ikigo cya Byumba.”

Nyuma y’amezi abiri [mu Ukuboza 1990], yaje koherezwa i Byumba, abwirwa amakuru y’ibyitso, uko byafashwe, hari abafunze ndetse bamwe baramaze gufungurwa ku buryo bamwe yanabasuye mu ngo zabo.

Maj. Gatarayiha ati“Urebye ukuntu naje mu by’ukuri, ntabwo nari mu bihe byo kuvuga ngo mfatanye n’abasirikare kujya mu byitso, kuko uko naje, uko bamfashe n’uko bambwiraga, sinumva ukuntu rwose nari gufata umwanya wanjye ngo ngiye gufatanya n’abantu gufata ibyitso, oya, cyane cyane ko no mu buzima bwanjye ntigenze ndangwa n’ayo macakubiri yewe n’ubu sinshobora kwivanga mu bintu nk’ibyo.”

Yakoze ibitari byemewe nko kujya gusura bamwe mu bari barafunzwe bitwa ibyitso by’Inkotanyi barekuwe, gutabara umuryango w’abantu bari bagiye kwicwa n’abasirikare bazira ko ari Abatutsi n’ibindi byagarutsweho mu gihe cya Gacaca mu 2005.

Muri Jenoside yanze gutererana abaturanyi

Jenoside yakorewe Abatutsi mu 1994, yabaye hasigaye ukwezi kumwe ngo ikiruhuko Maj. Gatarayiha yari yarahawe na Habyarimana kirangire. Nk’umwe mu bataravugaga rumwe n’abakomeye mu butegetsi, indege ikimara kugwa bwaracyeye aterwa mu rugo n’abarinda Umukuru w’Igihugu, Imana ikinga ukuboko.

Ubwo bahamagazaga abari baravuye mu gisirikare ngo basubire ku rugamba nawe bamugezeho, ariko arabyanga kuko yavuyemo umwuka utari mwiza, yiyemeza guhangana n’abicanyi mu gice yari atuyemo.

Yagize ati “Nkuko na mbere yaho muri 92, 93 ubwo Bucyana na Gatabazi bapfaga nahosheje ibitero by’interahamwe byamanukaga hano bije gukora amarorerwa, nari mfite imbunda nkakoma imbere bagasubirayo.”

Amaze guhungishiriza umuryango we n’iy’abaturanyi babiri i Kibungo, yagarutse kurwana ku baturanyi n’abana yari yatoraguye.

Yagize ati “Nasize umuryango i Kibungo ndagaruka nsanga ba bana hano ku manywa nkabajyana mu biti bya Avoka bakirirwayo nijoro nkabazana bakaryama. Natewe n’abajepe inshuro ebyiri hano ku manywa, hari uwabarangiye ngo mbitse abana b’inyenzi. Uko baje bakazenguruka inzu abana bakababura.”

Nkuko n’abaturanyi babihamya, muri Jenoside kwa Maj.Gatarayiha habaga abaturage 200, ahangana n’abashakaga kuza kubica akoresheje imbunda, asenya bariyeri ebyiri zari zashyizweho bituma abamuhungiyeho bose barokoka, nubwo batasibaga kuraswaho ibisasu biremereye n’abarindaga Habyarimana.

Imyobo y’aya masasu irigaragaza ku nzu y’uyu musaza wayakuyemo mu 1997, agasanga ari ay’imbunda bitaga Mitarayezi [Mitrailleuse 50].

Uko yarokowe n’Inkotanyi yatinyaga

Maj.Gatarayiha yari yarabwiye abaturage bari kumwe mu gihe cya jenoside ko nibabona Inkotanyi zije bazigendera bakamureka, kuko atiyumvishaga ko byamugwa amahoro ziramutse zimubonye.

Yagize ati “Naravugaga ngo Inkotanyi nizinsanga aha ziranyica pe, numvaga nibahasanga umuntu ngo ni Major ntari bubakire.”

Abaturage babonye Inkotanyi baratsimbaraye bavuga ko batamusiga, bajya kumuzana aho yari yazihishe bagenda bamuhetse kuko yari yarakomeretse atabasha kugenda bamugeza kuri CND [ahakorera Inteko Ishinga Amategeko], hashize icyumweru babajyana i Byumba.

Yatanze umuburo kuri Ex-FAR

Akigera i Byumba abayobozi bakuru mu Nkotanyi bamuhaye Radio Muhabura, ngo abwire ingabo z’u Rwanda ngo ‘nyabuna muramenye nimureke kwica abaturage kubera ko bidakwiye kwica abaturage ushinzwe kurinda.’

Yabanje gushidikanya kuko yari afite umuryango yajyanye i Kibungo, ubuyobozi bukuru bwa FPR bufata icyemezo cyo kubamusangisha i Byumba, nuko afata Radio ahamagarira abasirikare kureka kwica abaturage.

Yagize ati “Nafashe Radiyo njyaho ndahamaraga, basirikare [bari bazi ko napfuye Inyenzi zanyishe], muramenye mureke kwica abaturage kuko no gutsindwa kwanyu kuzava ahongaho. Kwica abantu sibyo.”

Nyuma y’iki gikorwa ngo hashize icyumweru cyose Radio Rutwitsi, RTLM, ari we iriho bavuga ukuntu yari umugambanyi n’ibindi bibi.

Yasabwe kuba Umurinzi w’Igihango

Muri Mutarama uyu mwaka abaturage bo mu mudugudu Maj.Gatarayiha atuyemo baramutoranyije ngo azamuke mu zindi nzego abe Umurinzi w’Igihango, arabahakanira kuko ibyo yakoze byose ari inshingano.

Yagize ati “Nabahakaniye. Ahubwo mbabajwe ni uko yenda ntakoze ibirenzeho […] Ubundi ingabo y’igihugu ishinzwe kurinda abaturage ntabwo ishinzwe kubica. Nk’umuntu w’ingabo y’igihugu numva ntakwiye igihembo kuko narwanye ku bantu kandi ari akazi nari nshinzwe.”

RDF itandukanye cyane na Ex-FAR

Uyu musaza uvuga ko adakurikirana cyane iby’igisirikare kuri ubu, yemeza ko igisirikare cy’u Rwanda cy’uyu munsi, RDF, gitandukanye cyane n’icya kera ku bwa Habyarimana. Avuga ko itandukaniro rihari ari naryo ryatumye gitsindwa.

Yagize ati “Iyo urebye igisirikare cy’ubu, ndavuga mu rwego rwa tekiniki, ubona ari abasirikare b’umwuga bakora akazi k’umwuga, naho mu gisirikare cyacu cyari igisirikare cya ‘Affaires’, gushakisha. Uyu munsi mbona ari igisirikare cya tekiniki kurusha gushakisha amafaranga.”

Maj.Gatarayiha wigishije mu ishuri rikuru rya gisirikare imyaka itanu, kuva mu 1978 kugeza 1982, ashinzwe n’ibirimo kwinjiza abasirikare, agaruka ku ivangura ryabagamo kuko nyuma yo gukoresha ibizamini batangaga lisiti y’abatsinze muri Minisiteri y’ingabo mu kugarura abemerewe ugasanga abatutsi bakuwemo.

Yagize ati “Nasangaga nk’uwabaye uwa mbere, uwa gatanu, uwa munani batabagaruye ku buryo nko mu bemerewe 50 habaga harimo abatutsi nka batandatu gusa.”

Bitewe n’uko bapimirwaga i Kanombe na Maj. Baransaritse, bagaruraga lisiti y’abemerewe ugasanga bitwaje impamvu zirimo uburwayi bw’umutima, impyiko, ‘nta pinya afite n’ibindi’. Hari kandi n’ivangura ry’Abakiga wasangaga imyanya yose ari bo bayihabwa.

Asaba abanyarwanda gukomeza guharanira ko ibyabaye mu 1994 bitazongera, kubaka ubumwe n’ubwiyunge no gukomeza kwita ku rubyiruko rukareka kwishora mu biyobyabwenge, rukiga kandi rugakunda gukora.

Maj. Gatarayiha yabaye mu buzima bushayiriye ubwo yari umusirikare ku bwa Habyarimana aho yitwaga Umugambanyi

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