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Imirenge 20 ya mbere yiganjemo ibyaha mu Rwanda

Yanditswe na Ferdinand Maniraguha
Kuya 30 Nzeri 2021 saa 07:11
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Iterambere rigira ibyaryo! Uko umwaka ushira undi ugataha, ibyaha mu Rwanda bigenda byiyongera, bikagaragazwa na raporo ya buri mwaka itangwa n’Urwego rw’Ubushinjacyaha.

Nko mu myaka itanu ishize, amadosiye y’ibyaha byagejejwe mu bushinjacyaha yikubye inshuro zirenga eshatu, biva ku byaha bisaga ibihumbi 25 mu 2015, bigera ku byaha bisaga ibihumbi 67 mu 2021.

Raporo y’ibikorwa by’Urwego rw’Ubushinjacyaha mu mwaka wa 2020/2021 igaragaza ko hakiriwe amadosiye 67,512 arimo ibyaha birenga 300. Igitangaje, ibyaha 10 gusa byihariyemo 60,594, ni ukuvuga 90%.

Ibyaha bibiri birimo gukubita cyangwa gukomeretsa ku bushake n’Ubujura, byihariye 53% by’amadosiye yose yinjiye, ni ukuvuga ko abantu 36,121 batanze ibirego umwaka ushize bakubiswe, bakomerekejwe cyangwa bibwe.

Mu mirenge 20 yaciye agahigo mu kugaragaramo ibyaha byinshi mu Rwanda mu 2020-2021, umujyi wa Kigali ufitemo imirenge 13, Intara y’Amajyepfo ifitemo imirenge itatu, u Burasirazuba bufitemo imirenge ibiri, u Burengerazuba n’Amajyaruguru buri ntara ifitemo umurenge umwe.

Muri rusange, umurenge uza ku isonga mu kugaragaramo ibyaha byinshi mu Rwanda ni Nyarugenge yabonetsemo amadosiye 924, Kimironko 901, Remera 883, Kinyinya 781, Kimisagara 681, Kanombe 668, Nyarugunga 662, Gisozi 652, Gisenyi 647 na Nyamabuye yagaragayemo 632.

Uturere twa Gasabo, Nyarugenge, Kicukiro, Nyagatare na Rubavu nitwo twagaragayemo amadosiye menshi mu gihe Rutsiro, Ngororero na Nyamasheke ari two twagaragayemo amadosiye make.

Abanyarwanda bakunda imirwano?

Bigaragara ko buri mwaka ibyaha byiyongera cyane mu Rwanda, kandi akenshi umujyi wa Kigali ukaza ku isonga.

Umunyamategeko akaba n’umwarimu muri Kaminuza, Bayingana Janvier yabwiye IGIHE ko kuba ibyaha byiyongera atari ikintu kibi, ahubwo bigaragaza ko abaturage batangiye gusobanukirwa uburenganzira bwabo.

Ati “Kuba ibyaha byazamutse ntabwo mbifata nk’ikibazo ahubwo mbifata nk’igisubizo, bigaragara ko inzego z’ibishinzwe zabashije kubimenya akaba ari yo mpamvu bigaragara muri raporo, kurusha ko hari aho wagenda ugasanga izo raporo ntizihari kandi abantu barakubiswe baranakomeretse.”

Kuba ibyaha byinshi byiganje mu mijyi na byo Bayingana ntabifata nk’ikibazo. Yavuze ko ubusanzwe umujyi ariwo akenshi uba utuwemo n’abantu benshi kandi begeranye, ku buryo hashobora kuba kutumvikana kwinshi gutuma haba ibyaha.

Ku Isi yose kandi, imijyi ikunze guturwa n’abantu bajijutse cyane kurusha mu byaro, ibyo bivuze ko mu gihe bahohotewe cyangwa bahemukiye, baba basobanukiwe cyane inzira z’amategeko banyuramo bakarenganurwa.

Ati “Urebye mu kujijuka, kuregera ubutabera no kubona abajyanama mu mategeko byiganje mu mujyi kurusha mu cyaro. Ibyo bishobora gutuma imibare y’umujyi izamuka kuruta iyo mu cyaro. Ikindi leta iba ifite uburyo bwinshi bwo gutahura ibyaha mu mijyi kurusha wenda mu cyaro.”

Raporo y’ubushinjacyaha igaragaza ko kwiyongera ibyaha byo gukubita cyangwa gukomeretsa ku bushake n’Ubujura, byikubye hafi kabiri ugereranyije n’umwaka wa 2019-2020.

Bayingana yabwiye IGIHE ko ibyo “byaha ahanini bishingiye ku kutabasha kwigenzura no kubaha abandi, hanyuma abantu ntibakemuze ibibazo uburyo bw’ibiganiro cyangwa inzego zibishinzwe, bigasa nk’aho umwe ashaka kwiha ubutabera. Usanga akenshi umuco w’abantu, yaba ari Afurika muri rusange udashingiye ku bworoherane, yaba ari mu muryango no mu mibanire y’abantu.”

Kuba byaramenyekanye ari byinshi, Bayingana yavuze ko nabyo atari ibintu bibi kuko ababikoze bazahanwa, ntibabisubire cyangwa abandi bashoboraga kubikora bakabona isomo bakabyirinda.

Ati “Ntabwo bisobanuye ko ari ugukunda kurwana, ahubwo kuba byagaragaye biri mu nzira zo gucika. Ukurikiye raporo z’ubutaha, ushobora gusanga bizaba byagabanyutse hashingiwe ku bahanwe. Abakubitwa n’abakomeretswa bigaragara ko batakibyihanganira, ahubwo babimenyesha inzego z’ibishinzwe.”

Hagendwe ku Ntara, Intara y’Iburasirazuba niyo yaje imbere mu kugira ibyaha byinshi kuko bingana na 16,739, umujyi wa Kigali 16,564, Amajyepfo 14,834, Iburengerazuba 10,546 naho Amajyaruguru habonetse ibyaha 8,829.

Ibyaha icumi byaje ku isonga harimo gukubita no gukomeretsa ku bushake kuko hakiriwe amadosiye 19616, ubujura (16505), gusambanya abana (5292), gukoresha ibiyobyabwenge (4428) no gukoresha ibikangisho (3666).

Hari kandi ibyaha byo guhoza ku nkeke uwo bashyingiranye byigaragaje inshuro 3,016, ubuhemu (2471), kubabaza umubiri bidaturutse ku bushake (1989), kwihesha ikintu cy’undi hakoreshejwe uburiganya (1957) no kwangiza cyangwa konona ibiti, imyaka n’ibikoresho by’ubuhinzi n’ubworozi (1654).


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