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Igihu kuri Coup d’Etat eshatu zateguriwe Kayibanda, iya nyuma ikamuhitana

Yanditswe na Ferdinand Maniraguha
Kuya 27 Kanama 2021 saa 07:06
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Nubwo imyaka ibaye myinshi, igihu kiracyari cyose ku ihirikwa ry’ubutegetsi ryabereye i Kigali mu myaka 48 ishize, ubwo uwari Perezida Grégoire Kayibanda yabukurwagaho na Minisitiri we w’ingabo, General Major Habyarimana Juvenal.

Habyarimana yarinze ava ku butegetsi bitarasobanuka, ari nako bikimeze kuri ubu kuko bake basigaye bayigizemo uruhare nka Col Simba Aloys, na Colonel Serubuga Laurent baruciye bakarumira.

Ni Coup d’Etat yakozwe itunguranye mu baturage, gusa hari amakuru agaragaza ko hari hashize igihe itegurwa, ikagenda iburizwamo kugeza mu ijoro ry’uwa 4 rishyira uwa 5 Nyakanga ubwo yashyirwaga mu bikorwa.

Kayibanda yahiritswe mu Rwanda hashize umwaka hari imvururu zishingiye ku moko, zatumye ibihumbi by’abatutsi bari bari mu mashuri birukanwa n’Abahutu, abari mu mirimo babuzwa kuyisubiramo ari nako hirya no hino abandi bicwa.

Ibyo bikorwa byamaganywe n’imiryango mpuzamahanga itandukanye ariko Leta ya Kayibanda iryumaho. Mu bindi bibazo byari bihari, ni amatora ya Perezida yagombaga kuba mu 1973. Kayibanda w’ishyaka MDR Parmehutu, yari ari gusoza manda ye ya kabiri ari nayo ya nyuma yemererwaga n’Itegeko Nshinga, ariko yashakaga ko bihindurwa akemererwa kongera kwiyamamaza.

Umunsi Kayibanda yahiritsweho, niwo munsi hagombaga kuba kongere rusange y’ishyaka rye MDR Parmehutu, aho byari biteganyijwe gutora uzarihagararira mu matora ya Perezida yari kuba muri Nzeri.

Nubwo Kayibanda yahiritswe muri Nyakanga 1973, umugambi wo kumuhirika bivugwa ko watangiye gucurwa mu 1972. Igitabo Quinze ans de tyrannie et de tartuferie au Rwanda cya Shyirambere J Barahinyura [1988], kivuga ko muri Gashyantare 1972 , Ambasade y’u Rwanda mu Bubiligi yamenye amakuru y’uko hari agatsiko k’abacanshuro b’abanyamahanga bashaka guhirika ubutegetsi mu Rwanda.

Leta y’u Rwanda yakoze ibishoboka byose ngo imenye abashakaga guhirika Kayibanda, baza kumenya umwe mu bacanshuro bari bateguwe ngo bazakore akantu. Uwo mucanshuro Leta yaramwegereye, ageze aho yemera kwerekana inyandiko zizewe zagaragazaga intwaro zari kwifashihwa muri uwo mugambi.

Barahinyura mu gitabo cye, avuga ko izo ntwaro basanze zari zaragiye zihishwa ahantu hatandukanye muri Kigali, Ruhengeri na Bugesera. Bimaze kumenyekana, za ntwaro zarafashwe zijyanwa i Kigali naho abasirikare bakekwagaho uruhare mu gutegura uwo mugambi, bahindurirwa inshingano abandi bajyanwa mu bice bitandukanye by’igihugu, aho kwirukanwa cyangwa gufungwa.

Habyarimana yashatse kuva mu gihugu ngo Kayibanda yicwe adahari

Umugambi wo guhirika Kayibanda ngo wakomeje gutegurwa mu ibanga ndetse bivugwa ko u Bubiligi bwari bubifitemo uruhare cyane.

Urugero ni nk’aho muri Gicurasi 1973, Minisiteri y’Ingabo mu Bubiligi yatumiye Habyarimana wari Minisitiri w’ingabo n’umugaba mukuru w’ingabo mu Rwanda, mu ruzinduko rwagombaga kuba tariki 17 Gicurasi uwo mwaka.

Muri icyo gihe yari kuba ari mu ruzinduko, Barahinyura avuga ko ari bwo ubutegetsi bwa Kayibanda bwagombaga guhirikwa, Kayibanda n’ibyegera bye bakicwa.

Ngo ibyo byagombaga gutera imyivumbagatanyo mu gihugu haba mu baturage no mu ngabo, hanyuma Habyarimana agahita aherekezwa n’abacanshuro b’Ababiligi hutihuti, bakagaruka mu gihugu gusubiza ibintu mu buryo.

Igitabo kivuga ko nta muntu n’umwe washoboraga gukeka ko yagize uruhare mu ihirikwa ry’ubutegetsi kuko byari kuba byabaye ari hanze y’igihugu.

Kayibanda yahiritswe hashize iminsi abizi ko ashobora guhirikwa

Uwo mugambi waje kuburizwamo kuko amakuru yageze kuri Perezida Kayibanda mbere y’uko biba, abibwiwe n’inshuti ye yo mu Bubiligi.

Nubwo Kayibanda yari azi amakuru, ntabwo yahise afata umwanzuro. Igitabo cya Barahinyura kigira giti “Yarategereje habura umunsi umwe ngo tariki 17 Gicurasi igere, asaba Habyarimana gusubika uruzinduko mu Bubiligi, amubwira ko biturutse ku mutekano muke wari uri ku bice bigabanya u Rwanda n’u Burundi.”

Icyo gihe mu Burundi hari hashize iminsi hari imvururu zishingiye ku moko, Leta ya Michel Micombero ishinjwa kwica Abahutu, ibintu byamaganywe cyane na Leta ya Kayibanda.

U Burundi bwo bwashinjaga u Rwanda kugira uruhare muri ubwo bwicanyi, rubinyujije mu kohereza abacanshuro bo kwica Abahutu kugira ngo bigerekwe kuri Leta y’u Burundi.

Kayibanda yabwiye Habyarimana ko nta bandi bayobozi bashobora kujya kureba uko ikibazo giteye, Minisitiri w’ingabo adahari kandi ari ikibazo kireba umutekano n’ubusugire bw’igihugu.

Ntabwo Habyarimana yashoboraga gusuzugura umugaba mukuru w’ikirenga, byongeye ari mu migambi nk’iyo yo kumwigiraho umwana mwiza ngo azamuhirike ku butetegsti.

Umugambi warapfubye, wongera kugeragezwa tariki 9 Kamena 1973 ariko nabwo biranga, nubwo ho Barahinyura atavuga uko byagenze.

Ku nshuro ya nyuma ari na bwo umugambi wabahiriye, ni tariki 5 Nyakanga 1973. Uwo munsi nabwo Habyarimana yari yiriwe i Gisenyi ategura ubukwe bwa murumuna we, ari na byo kugeza n’ubu umuryango we ushingiraho uvuga ko atari we wateguye Coup d’Etat, nubwo batavuga uburyo ari we wahise ayobora abahiritse ubutegetsi.

Mu ijoro rya tariki 4 rishyira tariki 5 Nyakanga 1973, Kayibanda yahiritswe ku butegetsi n’abo yitaga abasirikare b’abizerwa bayobowe na General Major Habyarimana Juvenal. Iryo joro Kayibanda wari utuye mu mujyi wa Kigali hafi y’ahubatse Marriot Hotel kuri ubu, yarafashwe ajyanwa muri gereza we na benshi mu ba Minisitiri be n’abahoze ari ibyegera bye.

Bamwe bahise bajyanwa muri gereza ya Ruhengeri, abandi bafungirwa muri gereza ya Kigali mu gihe Kayibanda yajyanywe gufungirwa ukwe kure y’umurwa mukuru ahitwa Rwerere, ubu ni muri Burera hafi y’umupaka w’u Rwanda na Uganda.

Igitabo Quinze ans de tyrannie et de tartuferie au Rwanda, kivuga ko Abanyarwanda by’umwihariko abari batuye muri Kigali, bari bamaze igihe bifuza impinduka ku butegetsi ariko ko nta n’umwe wakekaga ko bwafatwa n’abasirikare. Nta n’uwakekaga ko bwafatwa binyuze mu guhirika ubutegetsi cyane cyane ko n’ubundi igihugu cyari kiri kwitegura amatora ya Perezida.

Hari aho Habyarimana amaze kujya ku butegetsi na we yavuze ko yabugiyeho bimutunguye. Yavuze ko yabanje kujya aburira Kayibanda ku bibazo byari biri mu gihugu ariko ntamwumve kubera abantu bamujyaga mu matwi bamubwira ko atagomba kwizera Habyarimana.

Yatanze urugero rw’uburyo mu ijoro ryo ku wa 4 rishyirwa uwa 5 Nyakanga, ngo bahiritse Kayibanda birwanaho kuko ibyegera bye byari byamaze gutegura kwica Habyarimana.

Yagize ati “Ni nk’igitangaza kuba njye ubavugisha uyu munsi nkiriho, nkaba narabashije gusimbuka umutego wari watezwe tariki 5 Nyakanga 1973 mu gitondo kare. Nagombaga kwicwa mbere na mbere, hagakurikiraho ubwicanyi buteye ubwoba.”

Hari amakuru yakunze kuvugwa ko ku mugoroba Kayibanda yahiritswemo, Habyarimana yagiye mu rugo rwe mu mujyi wa Kigali. Ngo akihagera, Capitaine Bizimana André wari ushinzwe abarinda umukuru w’igihugu yamwirukankanye ashaka kumurasa, undi akiruka n’amaguru akamucika.

Major Théoneste Lizinde wabaye Umuyobozi w’Urwego rushinzwe Iperereza mu gitabo cye yise ‘La découverte de Kalinga ou la fin d’un mythe’, yavuze ko bahiritse Kayibanda kuko ishyaka rye Parmehutu ryari rimaze kuba igikoresho cyo guhohotera abaturage aho kuzamura abahutu nk’uko ari byo ryari ryiyemeje.

Igiteye urujijo, ni uburyo Kayibanda yakomeje kubona amakuru y’uko ashobora guhirikwa ku butegetsi, ntagire icyo akora.

Barahinyura avuga ko Kayibanda yumvaga Habyarimana ari inshuti ye itapfa kumuhirika, kandi akizera cyane abasirikare be cyane, bikiyongeraho ko yari umuyoboke ukomeye w’idini Gatolika.

Inkuru bijyanye: Impaka z’urudaca kuri Coup d’état yakorewe Kayibanda,Twagiramungu avuga ko yateguriwe muri Zaïre

Bamwe mu basirikare bakuru biyise 'camarades du 5 juillet 1973' bafashije Gen Major Habyarimana guhirika Kayibanda
Hari Coup d’Etat Kayibanda yaburijemo nyuma y'amakuru yahawe n'inshuti ze zo mu Bubuligi
Gen Maj Habyarimana (ibumoso) asangaira na Perezida Kayibanda yaje guhirika ku butegetsi muri Nyakanga 1973

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