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Ibyo wamenya ku mishinga yashowemo miliyari 101.8 Frw mu 2021 igamije gutanga amashanyarazi

Yanditswe na Ishimwe Israel
Kuya 23 Kanama 2021 saa 01:32
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Leta y’u Rwanda yagennye miliyari 101.8 Frw mu ngengo y’imari ya 2021/2022, azashyirwa mu mishinga igamije gufasha Abanyarwanda kugerwaho n’amashanyarazi.

Ishyirwa mu bikorwa ry’iyi mishinga rijyanye n’icyerekezo cy’u Rwanda aho muri gahunda yarwo y’imyaka irindwi (NST1) ya 2017-2024 ruzaba rufite Megawatt zingana na 556. Icyo gihe kandi amashanyarazi azaba agera kuri bose.

Raporo yo muri Nyakanga ya Minisiteri y’Ibikorwaremezo yerekana ko ingengo y’imari yateganyijwe ingana na miliyari 101.8 Frw, yagabanutseho 17.2% ugereranyije n’umwaka wabanje wa 2020/21, washowemo miliyari 123 Frw.

Ikomeza ivuga ko “igabanuka mu ngengo y’imari rifitanye isano n’ingaruka zatewe n’icyorezo cya COVID-19.’’

Indi mpamvu y’iri gabanuka ijyanye na gahunda nshya y’u Rwanda yo kugeza amashanyarazi kuri bose, ikiri hasi aho u Rwanda rukeneye arenga miliyari 600 Frw yo gushora mu mishinga izatuma Abanyarwanda bose bagerwaho n’amashanyarazi bitarenze 2024.

Muri Kamena uyu mwaka, Leta y’u Rwanda yasinye amasezerano y’inguzanyo na Banki Nyafurika Itsura Amajyambere (AfDB) afite agaciro ka miliyoni 84.2$, azaba agizwe n’inguzanyo ya miliyoni 36.8$, bingana na 44% by’agaciro k’amasezerano ndetse na miliyoni 47.4$, bingana na 56%, yatanzwe nk’impano.

Mu ngengo y’imari y’uyu mwaka, amafaranga agera kuri 53% azatangwa na Leta mu gihe igice gisigaye kingana na 47% kizava mu nguzanyo n’impano z’amahanga.

Muri miliyari 101.8 Frw, gutunganya amashanyarazi no kuyakwirakwiza bifite igice kinini kingana na 67% mu gihe ibijyanye n’imiyoborere bifite 14%, gukoresha neza ibijyanye n’ingufu bifite 7%, igice cy’umutekano gifite 12%.

Ingano y’amashanyarazi u Rwanda rufite yariyongereye ava kuri Megawatt 228.102 muri Kamena 2020 agera kuri Megawatt 238.052 muri Gicurasi 2021 mu gihe intego yari yashyizweho ari Megawatt 307.58 bitarenze Kamena 2021.

Iri zamuka rishingiye ku mashanyarazi angana na Megawatt 9.8 yatanzwe n’Urugomero rw’amashanyarazi rwa Giciye no kuvugururwa k’urugomero rwa Nyirabuhombohombo rwavuye kuri Megawatt 0.5 rugera kuri Megawatt 0.65.

Raporo ya Mininfra yerekana ko kuba intego yashyizweho itaragezweho bifitanye isano n’idindira ryo kubaka Uruganda rutanga amashanyarazi aturutse kuri Nyiramugengeri rwa Hakan ruherereye mu Murenge wa Mamba mu Karere ka Gisagara ruzatanga Megawatt 80 ndetse n’urugomero rwa Rukarara V & Mushishiro II rufite ubushobozi bwo gutanga megawatt 3. Iyubakwa ndetse no gutangira kubyaza umusaruro iyi mishinga byadindijwe na COVID-19.

Nubwo icyorezo cyateye ariko urwego rw’ingufu ntirwahungabanye cyane ndetse byitezwe ko kugeza muri Kamena 2022, amashanyarazi igihugu gifite aziyongeraho Megawatt 345.752 avuye kuri 238.052.

Leta y'u Rwanda igenda yubaka sitasiyo nto z'amashanyarazi zifasha kuyageza ku baturage

-  Imishinga ihanzwe amaso mu gukwirakwiza amashanyarazi mu gihugu

Ku rwego rw’igihugu, amashanyarazi afatiye ku muyoboro munini yaragutse, hubatswe imiyoboro migari (Medium Voltage) ireshya n’ibilometero 671.48 n’imito (Low Voltage lines) y’ibilometero 1,214.3. Intego yari iyo kubaka imiyoboro migari ya 603.92 km n’imito ireshya na 1835.18km.

Ibi byajyanye no gucanira imihanda kuko hagati ya Nyakanga 2020 na Gicurasi 2021, ireshya na 631.85km yashyizweho amatara. Iyi mirimo igeze kuri 35%, biteganyijwe ko izasozwa mu 2023 aho imihanda icaniwe izava kuri 1,455.3km ikagera kuri 2,087.15km.

Mu kugena ingengo y’imari hibanzwe ku kureba iyihutishwa ry’amashanyarazi mu turere atarageramo cyane no kudufasha kubona adafatiye ku muyoboro munini. Biteganyijwe ko abo ageraho bazava kuri 63% bakagera kuri 70%.

Hanatekerejwe ku mishinga yo kubyaza umusaruro ingomero, gaz methane, nyiramugengeri, byose bizatanga megawatt 107.6 ku mashanyarazi afatiye ku muyoboro mugari.

Undi mushinga ujyanye no guteza imbere uburyo bwo gucana buzafasha ingo kugabanya uburyo gakondo zifashishaga nko gukoresha inkwi, zikava kuri 79.9% zikagera kuri 66.6%.

-  Abagerwaho n’amashanyarazi bakomeje kwiyongera

Imibare igaragaza ko mu Rwanda kugeza ubu ingo zifite amashanyarazi muri rusange zisaga 65,4% harimo izikoresha afatiye ku muyoboro mugari n’izikoresha adafatiye ku muyoboro mugari yiganjemo akomoka ku mirasire y’izuba.

Nibura hagati ya Nyakanga 2020 na Gicurasi 2021, ingo nshya 146.079 zacaniwe binyuze ku muyobora mugari, mu gihe intego yari 118.657; ibi byatumye ingo zose zikoresha amashanyarazi afatiye ku muyoboro mugari zigera kuri 1.278.601 zivuye kuri 1.132.522 muri Kamena 2020.

Ku rundi ruhande, ingo 55.242 zahawe amashanyarazi adafatiye ku muyoboro mugari [ni ukuvuga akomoka ku mirasire y’izuba n’ingomero nto]. U Rwanda rwari rwihaye kuzamura uyu mubare ukagera kuri 50.000. Byari gutuma ingo ziva kuri 418.502 mu 2020/21 zikagera kur 473.744.

Muri rusange ingo zifite amashanyarazi zavuye kuri 1.560.699 mu mwaka ushize, zigera kuri 1.752.345 muri uyu mwaka, inyongera y’ingo 201.321 hagati ya Nyakanga 2020 na Gicurasi 2021.

Usibye ingo, ahantu 1000 harimo ahakoreshwa n’abantu benshi hagejejwe amashanyarazi hagati ya Nyakanga 2020 na Gicurasi 2021 mu gihe intego yari yashyizweho ari kwegereza amashanyarazi ahantu 260.

Aha hantu harimo ahakorera ubucuruzi, ahogerezwa kawa, amakusanyirizo y’amata, amashuri, imashini zuhira, ibigo nderabuzima, inganda z’icyayi, imidugudu y’icyitegererezo n’ahandi.

Imihanda yubatswe igenda inacanirwa ku buryo irara yaka. Uyu mwaka uzarangira mu Karere ka Muhanga nibura imihanda iriho amatara ireshya na 1.565 km
Inyigo yakozwe yerekanye ko mu Kivu harimo km3 hagati ya 250 na 300 za Carbon na Gaz Methane igera kuri km3 hagati ya 55 na 60 bikomeza no kwiyongera. Gaz Méthane irimo ishobora gutanga umuriro ungana na Megawatt (MW) 700 mu myaka 55

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