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Ibyiciro bishya by’ubudehe bigiye gutangazwa

Yanditswe na Dufitumukiza Salathiel
Kuya 23 Kanama 2021 saa 11:21
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Umuyobozi ushinzwe iterambere ry’icyaro n’imibereho myiza y’abaturage muri Minisiteri y’Ubutegetsi bw’Igihugu, Monique Huss, yatangaje ko ibyiciro bishya by’ubudehe bizasohoka mu Ukuboza 2021.

Mu kiganiro yahaye The New Times yasobanuye ko ibisabwa byose ngo Abaturarwanda bashyirwe mu byiciro bitanu (A,B,C,D,E) byarangiye, hakaba hari kugenzurwa ko nta makosa yaba arimo mbere y’uko bimurikwa bigatangira kugenderwaho.

Yagize ati “Uburyo bwo kubashyira mu byiciro bwararangiye. Ndatekereza ko igihe cy’Umushyikirano mu Ukuboza uyu mwaka, ibi byiciro bizaba bihari hitegurwa ko bigenderwaho. Turimo kugenzura ko bitunganye kandi biboneye kurusha ibisanzweho gusa. ”

Huss yasobanuye ko ibikigenzurwa ari amabwiriza agena ibyo buri cyiciro kizemererwa n’igihe kizaba kibyemerewe. Azahita ashyikirizwa Minisitiri w’Ubutegetsi bw’Igihugu abe ari we uyashyiraho umukono.

Icyo ibyiciro bishya byitezweho

Ibyiciro by’ubudehe bigenderwaho kugeza ubu ni bine. Icya mbere n’icya kabiri bifatwa nk’iby’abatishoboye, mu cya gatatu hari abishoboye ariko batari ku rwego ruhanitse, mu gihe icya kane ari icy’abakire bafite amikoro ahambaye.

Byashyirwagaho n’inteko z’abaturage, aho babazaga abaturanyi bakavuga icyiciro runaka ashyirwamo bijyanye n’uko bamuzi.

Ibyo ariko byakunze kunengwa kutanyura mu mucyo bitewe n’uko hari abatangaga ruswa bagashyirwa mu byiciro badakwiriye. Nk’urugero uwagombaga kujya mu cya kane agashyirwa mu cya gatatu, uwo mu cya gatatu agashyirwa mu cya mbere.

Byabuzaga amahirwe abakwiriye kujya muri iyo myanya hakabaho akarengane gashingiye ku byo bagenerwa bitabageragaho.

Mu ikorwa ry’ibyiciro bishya hashyizweho amabwiriza ngenderwaho ashingiye ku ngano y’umutungo Umuturarwanda afite n’ayo yinjiza.

Icyiciro A

Kizabamo ingo zirimo umukuru w’umuryango cyangwa umufasha we winjiza 600.000 Frw kuzamura buri kwezi cyangwa afite ubutaka bugeze kuri hegitari 10 mu cyaro na hegitari imwe mu mujyi.

Ashobora kuba ari umukozi uhembwa cyangwa ari uwikorera ariko ibikorwa bye bishobora kumwinjiriza ayo mafaranga.

Umushahara cyangwa umutungo w’urugo uherwaho ni igiteranyo cy’uw’umukuru w’urugo n’uwo bashakanye. Urugo rwujuje kimwe muri ibyo ruzisanga muri iki.

Icyiciro B

Kizabarizwamo ingo zinjiza hagati ya 65.000 Frw na 600.000 Frw buri kwezi, binyuze mu buryo bumwe n’ubwasobanuwe hejuru.

Hazanashyirwamo izifite ubutaka kuva kuri hegitari imwe ariko zitageze ku 10 mu cyaro, na metero kare kuva kuri 300 ariko zitarengeje hegitari imwe mu mujyi.

Icyiciro C

Iki kizabamo ingo zinjiza hagati ya 45.000 Frw na 65.000 Frw ku kwezi mu buryo bumwe n’ubwavuzwe hejuru.

Hazanabarizwamo izifite ubutaka kuva ku gice cya hegitari ariko butagera kuri hegitari imwe mu cyaro, n’uburi hagati ya metero kare 100 na metero kare 300 mu mujyi.

Icyiciro D

Cyashyizwemo ingo zinjiza munsi ya 45.000 Frw ku kwezi, binyuze mu buryo bumwe n’ubwasobanuwe hejuru.

Izifite ubutaka butagera ku gice cya hegitari cyangwa ntabwo zigira mu cyaro, n’izifite uburi munsi ya metero kare 100 n’izitagira na buke mu mujyi zizabarizwamo.

Icyiciro E

Ni umwihariko w’ingo z’abatabasha gukora kubera imyaka, ubumuga bukabije cyangwa indwara zidakira, bakaba nta n’imitungo bafite cyangwa ahandi bakura ibyo bakenera mu mibereho yabo.

Hazashyirwamo urugo rukuriwe n’urengeje imyaka 65 cyangwa uwo bashakanye ayifite.

Harimo urukuriwe n’ufite ubumuga bukabije cyangwa uwo bashakanye abufite, hakabamo n’urukuriwe n’ufite uburwayi bwo mu mutwe.

Hazaba hanarimo uruyobowe n’abana bakiri mu ishuri badafite ikindi bakuraho ikibatunga. Aba ari uwiga kandi adafite akandi kazi cyangwa ibiraka ndetse ntihitabwa ku myaka.

Kurihira umunyeshuri kaminuza hashingiwe ku cyiciro bizahagarara

Mu byiciro byari bisanzweho umunyeshuri wo mu muryango ubarizwa mu cya mbere n’icya kabiri yahabwaga amahirwe menshi yo kwishyurirwa Kaminuza na Leta kurusha uwo mu cya gatatu, uwo mu cya kane we bikaba bidashoboka.

Umuyobozi Mukuru w’Ikigo cy’Igihugu gishinzwe guteza imbere ibikorwa by’iterambere mu nzego z’ibanze (LODA), Nyinawagaga Claudine Marie Solange, yatangaje ko ibyo bizahagarara ibyiciro bishya nibitangira kugenderwaho.

Ati “Serivisi zirimo kwishyurirwa kaminuza, kwivuza indwara zihenze cyane nko kuvoma amazi uwarwaye impyiko ntibizagendera ku byiciro by’ubudehe.”

Kwishyurirwa kaminuza na Leta bizajya bishingira ku manota umunyeshuri yagize aho kuba icyiciro abarizwamo, ibyo benshi bashimangira ko bizatuma iyo serivisi ihabwa abayikwiye.

Ubwo ibi byiciro byatangiraga gushyirwaho mu mpera za 2020, Minisiteri y’Ubutegetsi bw’Igihugu yatangaje ko “bitabereyeho gufasha abakene ahubwo ari ugufasha igenamigambi”.

Nyinawagaga yakomeje asobanura ko bizajya bigenderwaho muri gahunda za Leta zifasha abaturage guhindura imibereho yabo bigobotora ubukene. Izo zirimo Girinka, VUP ifasha abatishoboye kwinjiza amafaranga buri kwezi ndetse n’ubufasha bw’ako kanya ku bageze mu za bukuru.

Byari biteganyijwe ko guhera muri Mutarama 2021, Abanyarwanda baba bari muri ibyo byiciro bishya bisimbura ibyashyizweho mu 2016/2017.

Nyinawagaga yavuze ko iyo ntego yakomwe mu nkokora na COVID-19 aho mu bihe bitandukanye hashyizweho za Guma mu Rugo bigatuma mu Ukuboza hagera ingo zimaze gushyirwamo ari 40% gusa.

Yavuze ko ubu 99% zashyizwemo, izitarimo akaba ari inshya zigenda zishingwa ubu.

Mu ntangiriro z’umwaka utaha ni bwo ibyo byiciro bizatangira kugenderwaho. Byitezweho kuzakemura ibibazo by’akarengane kabonekaga mu ikorwa ry’ibyabanje kubera ahanini ruswa yatangirwagamo benshi bashaka kuzabona serivisi byabazitiraga guhabwa.

Imiryango itegamiye kuri Leta, abanyamadini ndetse n’abikorera na bo bagomba kuzajya bagendera ku mabwiriza azaba abigenga mu gihe batanga ubufasha.

Gahunda ya Girinka na VUP zizagendera ku byiciro by'ubudehe bishya

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