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RTB yagaragaje igikenewe ngo ibibazo biri mu mashuri y’imyuga n’ubumenyingiro bikemuke

Yanditswe na Ntabareshya Jean de Dieu
Kuya 24 Nzeri 2021 saa 08:39
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Umuryango Mpuzamahanga Uharanira Kurwanya Ruswa n’Akarengane, ishami ry’u Rwanda (Transparency International Rwanda), wagaragaje ko mu mashuri y’imyuga n’ubumenyingiro hakigaragaramo ruswa n’icyuho kikigaragara mu bumenyi abanyeshuri bayarangirijemo baba bafite.

Ibi byatangajwe ubwo hamurikwa ubushakashatsi Transparency International Rwanda, yakoze ku mikorere y’amashuri y’imyuga n’ubumenyingiro no kugaragaza icyuho kikiri mu myigishirize yayo cyane ko ari ryo pfundo n’izingiro ubukungu bw’u Rwanda buzaba bwubakiyeho muri 2035.

Kuri uyu wa Kane, tariki ya 23 Nzeri 2021 Transparency International Rwanda, yagaragaje ko mu mikorere y’amashuri y’imyuga n’ubumenyingiro hakigaragaramo ruswa nubwo yagabanutse ugereranyije n’imyaka yashize kuko iri munsi 10%.
Hagaragajwe ko abanyeshuri basabwe ruswa bangana na 9.41% naho abarimu bo bakangana na 7.98%.

Umuyobozi Nshingwabikorwa wa Transparency International Rwanda Mupiganyi Apolinaire, yagaragaje ko hari intambwe yatewe ariko yemeza ko hakigaragaramo ruswa.

Yagize ati “Twakwishimira cyane ibyo igihugu cyagezeho ariko ibibazo bigaragara cyane cyane bijyanye na ruswa yaba igaragara ishingiye ku bantu ku giti cyabo. Ruswa igaragara iraturuka ku cyuho cyaba kigihari cyo gukorera mu mucyo binyuze mu kugaragaza icyo umuntu akora cyangwa ikurikiranabikorwa.”

Yagaragaje ko guteza imbere gahunda yo kwigisha ubumenyingiro bisaba guhaguruka kw’impande zose kugira ngo n’ibyuho bikigaragara muri ubu burezi bishakirwe umuti.

Umunyamabanga wa Leta muri Minisiteri y’Uburezi ushinzwe ikoranabuhanga namashuri y’imyuga n’ubumenyingiro, Irere Claudette, yagaragaje ko ibibazo byakunze kugaragara cyane mu mashuri y’imyuga n’ubumenyi ngiro ahanini byaterwaga no kuba nta muntu wari uhari wo kubazwa inshingano cyane ko byose byahurizwaga mu Kigo cy’Igihugu gishinzwe imyuga n’ubumenyingiro (WDA), ariko ubu zimwe mu nshingano zacyo zashyizwe mu bigo binyuranye byitezweho gutanga umusaruro.

Yagaragaje ko hari gahunda yo gukorana n’inganda ku buryo umunyeshuri ashobora kuzajya yiga amasomo angana na 60% mu ishuri na ho 40% akaba ari ubumenyi buvanwa mu nganda binyuze mu mikoranire y’amashuri y’imyuga n’ubumenyingiro n’inzego z’abikorera.

Yakomeje agira ati “Kugira ngo ibyo bikunde ni uko uruganda ndetse n’ishuri biba bifitanye imikoranire iri ku rundi rwego. Tuzakomeza tubahuze nk’uko n’ubundi ibyo tubikora.”

Yagaragaje ko iyi gahunda yanatangiye ku bigo bimwe na bimwe byo mu Burengerazuba bw’u Rwanda kandi ko nitanga umusaruro izakomereza n’ahandi.
Ati “Ibyo byose twarabitangiye ndetse niBnabyo dushaka kugira ngo dushyire imbere.”

Imenyerezamwuga mu mashuri ya TVET rirakemangwa

Amasomo yo mu mashuri y’imyuga n’ubumenyingiro ubusanzwe yakabaye ashingiye ku mikoro yo mu mashuri ndetse n’imenyerezamwuga mu byo biga.

Gusa ubushakashatsi bwa TI Rwanda bugaragaza ko abanyeshuri benshi batabona imenyerezamwuga nk’uko bikwiye n’abaribonye bagakora igihe gito abandi bagahabwa inshingano zitandukanye n’ibyo biga.

Ubushakashatsi bugaragaza ko abanyeshuri 77.29% ari bo babashije gukora imenyerezamwuga bakarirangiza naho 22.71% ntibarirangize. Muri abo ariko abagera kuri 59.90% bahawe imenyerezamwuga riri hagati y’ukwezi kumwe n’abiri gusa. 16.38% bahabwa iri hagati y’amezi abiri n’atatu ari nayo akenewe mu gihe abagera kuri 15.84% bahawe igihe kitagera no ku kwezi.

Hari n’abagagaraje ko rimwe na rimwe n’ibigo byabahaye imenyerezamwuga usanga bibaha imirimo itandukanye n’imyuga bigira bityo hagasabwa abarezi babo bakora ubugenzuzi kujya bibanda ku kumenya niba ibyo umwana yiga ari byo ari no kwimenyereza.

Ibyo bituma habamo kudindira ku bumenyi bw’abanyeshuri mu bijyanye no gushyira mu bikorwa ibyo bize.

Umwe mu babajijwe muri ubu bushakashatsi yagaragagaje ko intandaro yo gutanga imikoro mike mu mashuri ari ibikoresho bike, kandi bigira ingaruka ku bumenyi umwana ahabwa.

Yagize ati “Mu yandi mashuri y’imyuga, mu rwego rwo gusohora abanyeshuri beza, bisaba ibikoresho n’imikoro ihagije. Ariko ingengo y’imari yacu ntitwemerera kubona ibikoresho bihagije kubera ko tubona hagati ya miliyari imwe n’igice na miliyari ebyiri z’amafaranga y’u Rwanda kandi ni nka 10% gusa by’ayo tuba twifuza.”

Umuyobozi w’Ikigo cy’Igihugu gishinzwe guteza imbere Amashuri y’imyuga n’Ubumenyingiro, (RTB) Umukunzi Paul, yagaragaje ko kugira ngo amashuri y’imyuga n’ubumenyi ngiro atere imbere bisaba kubanza gukemura bimwe mu bibazo bikigaragaramo.

Yakomeje agira ati “Imbogamizi twavuga ni uko ibikoresho byifashishwa mu mashuri y’imyuga n’ubumenyingiro bihenze cyane kandi birasaba gushyiramo imbaraga nyinshi cyane. Izo mbaraga nyinshi ntabwo wahita uzibonera rimwe. Uburyo twigisha bisaba ibikoresho bigezweho; uko dutera imbere mu ikoranabuhanga dukenera ibindi bikoresho twigishirizaho kugira ngo wa mwana uri kwiga nasohoka hanze akajya mu kazi azasange yarabyigiyeho. Guhugura abarimu na byo bisaba imbaraga nyinshi.”

Yagaragaje ko kugira ngo intego igihugu gifite yo kubaka ubukungu bushingiye ku bumenyi igerweho bisaba imbaraga nyinshi z’inzego zinyuranye zirimo iz’abikorera ndetse na guverinoma n’abandi bafatanyabikorwa mu iterambere.

Kugeza ubu mu Rwanda habarurwa amashuri y’imyuga n’ubumenyingiro 366 avuye ku mashuri 35 muri 2010. Yigamo abanyeshuri bagera ku bihumbi 102 kandi intego igihugu cyihaye ni uko nibura muri 2024, 60% by’abanyeshuri barangije kwiga mu cyiciro rusange bazajya bakomereza mu myuga n’ubumenyi ngiro kuko ari byo bitanga amahirwe menshi mu kwihangira imirimo.

Abitabiriye igikorwa cya TI Rwanda cyo kumurika ubushakashatsi mu mikorere y'amashuri y'imyuga n'ubumenyingiro
Umunyamabanga wa Leta muri Minisiteri y’Uburezi ushinzwe ikoranabuhanga namashuri y’imyuga n’ubumenyingiro, Irere Claudette

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