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Dr Kaberuka yagaragaje amasomo y’ingenzi Afurika yigiye kuri Covid-19

Yanditswe na Akayezu Jean de Dieu
Kuya 10 Gicurasi 2021 saa 07:29
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Icyorezo cya Covid-19 kiri mu byatunguye kandi bishegesha ikiremwamuntu ku buryo budasanzwe, yaba imiterere yacyo, uko cyandura n’uko gikwirakwira vuba kandi mu buryo bworoshye n’ingaruka gikomeje kugira ku bukungu n’imibereho y’abatuye Isi.

Mu biza ku isonga bigaragazwa n’abahanga nk’amasomo iki cyorezo kizasigira Isi n’abayituye ni uburyo igenamigambi n’ishoramari ryakorwaga n’abikorera ndetse na za leta z’ibihugu rikwiye guhinduka hakibandwa cyane ku rwego rw’ubuzima no kwimakaza ikoranabuhanga.

Kuva muri za Werurwe 2020, ubwo Covid-19 yari isa n’iyamaze kugera ku Isi hose, ibikorwa byinshi by’ubucuruzi byarafunze, abaturage basabwa kuguma mu ngo zabo.

Hari raporo zigaragaza ko ibihugu bya Afurika biri mu byashegeshwe bikomeye n’ingaruka ku buryo ubukungu bw’uyu mugabane mu 2020 byari byitezwe ko buzamuka ku kigero cya 3.2% buza kugabanyuka ku kigero cya -0.8%

Nk’u Rwanda, ubukungu bwarwo ubusanzwe mu 2020 bwari bwitezweho kuzamuka ku kigero cya 8%, ariko ntabwo ariko byaje kugenda kubera ko bwazamutse ku kigero cya 2% gusa muri uwo mwaka.

Ku rundi ruhande ariko iki cyorezo cyasize amasomo menshi kuko nko mu Rwanda, mbere yacyo [ubwo ni mu 2019] habarurwaga ibigo 10 bitanga serivisi n’ibicuruzwa hifashishijwe ikoranabuhanga (Online), kuri ubu bimaze kugera kuri 63.

Aha niho impuguke mu by’ubukungu n’ubucuruzi zihera zigaragaza ko yaba u Rwanda, Afurika ndetse n’Isi muri rusange, hakwiye kurebwa uburyo ishoramari rikorwa ryakwibanda ku gukoresha ikoranabuhanga bikanajyana no kubaka urwego rw’ubuzima.

Umunyarwanda Dr Kaberuka Donald, impuguke akaba n’umuhanga mu by’ubukungu, kuri ni Intumwa yihariye y’Umuryango wa Afurika Yunze Ubumwe mu kurwanya Covid-19, avuga ko hari amasomo ane y’ingenzi iki cyorezo cyasigiye Isi arimo kuba cyarasanze ibihugu byose bititeguye guhangana nacyo.

Yabigarutseho mu kiganiro kigaruka ku masomo Covid-19 ikwiye gusigira abatuye Isi ndetse n’ibyakorwa na za leta z’ibihugu by’umwihariko iza Afurika n’ingamba zashyirwaho zigafasha mu kongera kuzahura ubukungu nyuma y’iki cyorezo.

Ni ikiganiro yahuriyemo n’Umuyobozi w’Ikigo Allsights Africa, Dr Youssef Travaly ndetse n’Umuyobozi w’Ikigo gifasha Abacuruzi bo mu Karere ka Afurika y’Uburasirazuba [Trande Mark East Africa/TMEA], Mutesi Patience.

Dr Kaberuka usanzwe ari n’Umuyobozi Mukuru w’Ikigo SouthBridge gitanga ubujyanama kuzi za guverinoma no ku bikorera muri Afurika mu bijyanye n’ishoramari n’ubucuruzi, yavuze ko mbere hose ibyorezo byafatwaga nk’ibigira ingaruka kuri Afurika n’ibihugu bikennye gusa ku buryo iki cyatunguye ibihugu bikize.

Ati “Ku Isi yose twize ibintu bine kuri iki cyorezo, icya mbere ni uko Isi yose itari yiteguye yaba n’ibihugu bikize. Ndakeka impamvu yo kuba tutari twiteguye ni uko mu gihe kirekire gishize, ibyorezo byafatwaga nk’ibibazo ku bihugu bikennye. Reba za Ebola ndetse n’ibindi nka Malariya yica nibura abana ibihumbi 500 muri Afurika buri mwaka.”

Yakomeje agira ati “Kuri iki cyorezo cya Covid-19, navuga ko Afurika yari yiteguye no kurusha ibihugu bikize kandi n’ingamba zashyizweho hakiri kare mu guhangana nacyo zafashije mu kugabanya ingaruka z’iki cyorezo.”

Dr Kaberuka yavuze kandi ko muri rusange hari isomo rikomeye ry’uko Isi yabashije kubona inkingo za Covid-19, mu gihe cya vuba ariko nanone habaho ikindi kibazo cy’uburyo ibihugu bikize byagaragaje ukuziharira.

Ati “Isomo rya kabiri; biratangaje kuko ibyo siyansi ishobora gukora iyo inzego z’abikorera muri siyansi zishyizemo ubushobozi bwazo, mu mezi make tubashije kubona inkingo. Ikibazo ariko navuga ko ari isomo rya gatatu ni uko abungukira muri iyo siyansi atari bose, mu gihe cya vuba, siyansi itanze igisubizo cy’inkingo ariko zikubiwe n’ibyo bihugu bikize gusa.”

Yakomeje agira ati “Kubura k’ugusaranyanga ibyo siyansi ishobora gukora byabaye isomo rikomeye. Mu ncamake Isi ntabwo yari yiteguye, siyansi yatweretse ibishoboka ariko ukudasaranganya ibyo bikoresho birimo ibyo gupima, inkingo [...] Afurika yari yiteguye, ubukungu nabwo bwarahungabanye cyane.”

Mutesi Patience uyobora Trade Mark East Africa yavuze ko iki cyorezo cyagize ingaruka zikomeye haba ku bucuruzi by’umwihariko ibyoherezwa mu mahanga haba ku Rwanda, Afurika y’Iburasirazuba ndetse n’Isi muri rusange.

COVID-19 yahungabanyije ubucuruzi n’akarere u Rwanda ruherereyemo (EAC na DRC) ku kigero cya 244,9%. Ibi byateje igihombo cya miliyoni 57,7 z’Amadolari ya Amerika bivuye ku nyungu yabaga yitezwe iyo ubucuruzi butahungabanye.

Mutesi ati “Ubucuruzi mu karere bwagizweho ingaruka na Covid-19, iyo urebye ngo mu gihembwe cya mbere cya 2020, ibicuruzwa byaba ibijyanywa mu mahanga n’ibizanwa mu Karere, byariyongereye cyane ariko bigeze mu Ukwakira 2020, byaramanutse cyane ku buryo bugaragara.”

Ingamba zikakaye zo guhangana na Covid-19 zari ngombwa

Uguhungabana k’ubukungu hirya no hino ku Isi ahanini byagiye biterwa n’ingamba zikomeye ibihugu byagiye bishyiraho hagamijwe kwirinda ikwirakwira ry’icyorezo cya Covid-19.

Nko mu Rwanda, ubwo iki cyorezo cyahageraga muri Werurwe 2020, ibikorwa byinshi byarafunzwe mu buryo bw’agateganyo, abaturage bashyirwa muri gahunda ya Guma mu Rugo, abakozi ba leta n’abikorera basabwa gukorera mu ngo aho bishoboka n’andi mabwiriza akakaye yashyizweho na Guverinoma.

Kugeza uyu munsi hari ibikorwa birimo nk’utubari tutarafungura n’umunsi umwe kuva muri Werurwe 2020, ni ukuvuga ko abari barashoye imari muri ibyo bikorwa bagiye mu bihombo bikomeye ndetse n’abari babifitemo akazi bose baba abashomeri.

Dr Kaberuka avuga ko izi ngamba iyo zitaza gushyirwaho ibintu byari kuba bibi kurushaho n’ubwo nazo zatumye habaho uguhungabana gukomeye k’ubukungu.

Ati “Byari kugenda gute iyo tuba tutarabikoze? Ndatekereza ko umwanzuro wo gufata izi ngamba byanajyanaga n’uko tutari dufite ubushobozi bw’urwego rw’ubuzima; ntabwo nizeye ko turi ku musozo w’iki cyorezo cyangwa niba iyi ariyo virusi ya nyuma, ariko navuga ko ingamba zagiye zifatwa na guverinoma zari ngombwa kuko zatumye icyorezo kitaba icyiza.”

Dr Youssef Travaly usanzwe ari na Visi Perezida w’Ihuriro rya Next Einstein Forum, ushinzwe Siyansi, guhanga udushya ndetse n’abafatanyabikorwa, yavuze ko u Rwanda ari kimwe mu bihugu bya Afurika byagaragaje ko byari byiteguye guhangana n’iki cyorezo ahanini hagendewe ku ngamba zashyizweho n’uburyo zashyizwe mu bikorwa.

Ati “Ntabwo twagereranya ibihugu runaka ariko ndavuga ku Rwanda, ingamba zafashwe n’uburyo zashyizwe mu bikorwa wabonye ko byagiye bifasha mu kugabanya umubare w’abandura iki cyorezo. Ibi kandi niko bimeze no mu bindi bihugu nka Israel n’ahandi.”

Mu ntangiro z’uyu mwaka wa 2021, imibare ya buri munsi itangazwa na Ministeri y’Ubuzima ku miterere y’icyorezo, ahagaragazwa abanduye, abo cyahitanye ndetse n’abakize; nibura ku munsi wasangaga hagaragara abantu barenga 300 banduye Coronavirus, gusa ku bw’ingamba zigenda zifatwa, kuri ubu hari kugaragara abari munsi ya 100 ku munsi.

Dr Youssef ati “Iyo urebye ibyo rero, hari amasomo ushobora kwiga; icya mbere ni ukwirinda, ikindi twabonye ibyiza byo gukumira iki cyorezo ikindi nkeka ko tugomba kuba dukora mu bihe biri imbere nk’u Rwanda n’ahandi ni ukwirinda, ikindi ni ukuzana inkingo hano.”

Izi mpuguke zagaragaje kandi ko hakenewe uburyo buhamye bwo gushora imari mu rwego rw’ubuzima by’umwihariko mu gukumira indwara z’ibyorezo zikareka gufatwa nk’izizagira ingaruka ku bihugu bikennye gusa ahubwo n’ibihugu bikize bikajya mu rugamba rwo kwirinda no gukumira ibyorezo.

Dr Donald Kaberuka yagaragaje ko urwego rw'ubuzima rukwiriye gushorwamo imari ku buryo bwihariye

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