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BBC izemera kwifatanya n’abakora iterabwoba mu gihe byayifasha gusebya u Rwanda

Yanditswe na Mushimire Olivier
Kuya 29 Nzeri 2021 saa 03:25
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Mu Cyumweru gishize, ku itariki ya 24, Ishami ry’Ikinyarwanda rya BBC Gahuza Miryango, ryanditse inkuru ivuga ko Perezida Kagame yagiye i Cabo Delgado muri Mozambique guhura na Perezida Nyusi mu rugendo rutunguranye.

Muri iyi nkuru, igaruka ku kiganiro n’abanyamakuru cyahuriranye n’uruzinduko rwa Perezida Kagame muri icyo gihugu, igikuru cyari kigamijwe ni ukwirengagiza no gupfukirana uruzinduko rwa Perezida wasuye Ingabo z’u Rwanda zoherejwe muri iki gihugu kurwanya ibikorwa by’iterabwoba.

Kuri BBC, kuba abantu bari baragizwe impunzi n’intambara batangiye kugaruka mu buzima bwabo ntabwo ari amakuru akwiye abasomyi bayo. BBC nta nubwo ihishira ko ishyigikiye uruhande rw’abakora ibikorwa by’iterabwoba, aho kugaragaza ibikorwa by’u Rwanda mu kubirwanya, kandi ibi ntabwo ari ibintu bishya.

Nk’umutwe w’inkuru yatambutse ku itariki ya 6 Kanama ugira uti “Iterabwoba muri Mozambique, u Rwanda ruyoboye ibitero byo kurirwanya”, ugaragaza ko BBC iri ku ruhande rw’abakora iterabwoba bitewe n’uburyo iki gitangazamakuru cyanditse inkuru gisa nk’ikibafitiye impuhwe.

Bagize bati “Abasirikare 1000 b’u Rwanda bamaze gufata ibice byinshi nyuma yo koherezwa muri Mozambique kurwanya inyeshyamba z’inyantege nke, zimaze iminsi zigaba ibitero mu Majyaruguru y’igihugu.” Iyi nkuru yakuruye impaka ku mbuga nkoranyambaga, abantu bibaza impamvu BBC isa nk’igiriye impuhwe izo nyeshyamba mu nkuru yayo.

BBC yari imeze nk’ifitiye impuhwe izi nyeshyamba, nk’aho zazanye amahoro n’umutekano ku baturage ba Cabo Delgado, naho Ingabo z’u Rwanda zikaba zari zigiye kuyasenya.

Gusa ariko BBC imaze kumenyerwa ku buryo bubogamye ikoramo inkuru zigaruka ku Rwanda. Mu myaka irenga 20 ishize, BBC na Leta y’u Rwanda byakomeje kutumvikana ku buryo BBC yakoraga inkuru zigaruka ku Rwanda, cyane cyane Ishami rya BBC ry’Ikinyarwanda, ryakoraga ibishoboka byose mu guca intege ingamba za Leta zo kurwanya ingengabitekerezo ya Jenoside mu Banyarwanda.

Buri gihe, ikiganiro Imvo n’Imvano cyatumirwagamo abahakana Jenoside ndetse n’abayikekwaho bihishe ubutabera baratumiwe, kugira ngo bakomeza gukongeza urwango rwabo mu ndorerwamo y’ibiganiro mpaka bya politiki. Ibi biganiro byarushagaho gukara cyane muri Mata, ukwezi Isi yibukiraho Jenoside yakorewe Abatutsi mu Rwanda.

Nyuma y’amabaruwa menshi yandikiwe ubuyobozi bwa BBC anenga iki kibazo ariko ntiyitabweho, hafashwe icyemezo cyo gukumira ko Ishami rya BBC ry’Ikinyarwanda rikomeza kumvikana mu Rwanda, nyuma y’uko bishyizwe mu myanzuro ya Komisiyo yagenzuye icyo kibazo, igatanga uwo mwanzuro muri Werurwe 2015.

Mu mabaruwa u Rwanda rwandikiye BBC, rwanagarutse ku bakozi bayo bafitanye umubano n’abafite ingengabitekezo ya Jenoside, bakundaga kubatumira mu biganiro byabo bitandukanye.

Ni yo mpamvu bidatangaje kuba umunyamakuru wa BBC yaragaragaye mu rubanza rwa Rusesabagina wahamijwe ibyaha by’iterabwoba. All Yusuf Mugenzi wayoboye ikiganiro Imvo n’Imvano igihe kirekire, ni umwe mu bagize uruhare mu nyandiko yari bushinje ingabo z’u Rwanda kugira uruhare mu bitero byakozwe na FLN i Nyabimata, bikagwamo abaturage b’inzirakarengane. Ibi byabaye mbere y’uko Carine Kanimba, umukobwa wa Rusesabagina, agaragara kuri Televiziyo ya Al Jazeera ari guhakana ibyo bitero [nk’uko umugambi wa Mugenzi na bagenzi be wabigenaga].

Nubwo umuntu yakwemera ko ikiganiro n’abanyamakuru cyakozwe muri Mozambique cyari gikwiriye gukorwaho inkuru ndetse kinarusha agaciro uruzinduko rwa Perezida Kagame muri icyo gihugu, kuba BBC yarabikoze, bigendanye n’amateka y’inkuru isanzwe ikora ku Rwanda, byerekana ko atari uburemere bw’inkuru yari ikurikiye, ahubwo yari irimo gukora ibisanzwe biri mu murongo wayo.

Ntabwo ari ibihuha ko mu myaka 10 ishize, hari umubare w’Abanyarwanda biciwe muri Mozambique. Mu Ukwakira 2012, umubiri wa Theogene Turatsinze wari umucuruzi, akaba yaranigeze kuba Umuyobozi wa Banki y’Igihugu y’Iterambere (BRD), wasanzwe uri kureremba ku nkombe z’inyanja mu nkengero za Maputo.

Muri Werurwe 2016, hari abantu bagerageje kwica Umuyobozi w’Ishyarahamwe ry’Abanyarwanda muri Mozambique. Nyuma y’imyaka itatu, mu 2019, Baziga yaje kwicwa kuri iyi nshuro. Mu bantu batatu baketsweho kumwica harimo na Revocat Karemangingo, ari nawe wishwe mu kwezi gushize mu nkengero za Maputo.

Urupfu rwa Karemangingo wahoze ari umusirikare muri Leta yashyize mu bikorwa Jenoside, nirwo rwatumye BBC igaruka cyane kuri izo mpfu, kugera ubwo ihaye umwanya umugore utaratangajwe amazina, akavuga ko izi mfu zigirwamo uruhare na Leta y’u Rwanda, nubwo atatanze ibimenyetso. Uyu mugore yanasabye ko umuryango mpuzamahanga ugomba kwinjira muri iki kibazo, ukaburizamo uruzinduko rwa Perezida Kagame.

Uramutse urebye igihe ikiganiro n’abanyamakuru cyabereye, ndetse ukumva n’ibyakivugiwemo, nta gushidikanya guhari ku mpamvu yatumye iki kiganiro gikorwa.

BBC ifite ishyaka rikomeye ryo kunenga u Rwanda, kabone nubwo ibi byatuma itubahiriza indangagiciro zayo. Muri Gicurasi 2019, BBC yanditse umutwe ugira uti “Umuyobozi wa FLN, Paul Rusesabagina yavuze ko ‘ataciwe intege’ n’ifungwa rya Major Callixte Sankara”. Mu mwaka wari wabanje, muri Gicurasi 2018, nabwo bari banditse indi nkuru ifite umutwe ugira uti “Inyeshyamba za MRCD zabwiye BBC ko zimaze ukwezi zirwanira muri Nyungwe.”

Gusa nubwo banditse izo nkuru zemeza uruhare rwa Rusesabagina mu bitero by’iterabwoba byagabwe ku Rwanda, mu rubanza rwe bakomeje kumushimagiza ‘nk’intwari yarokoye abantu muri Jenoside yakorewe Abatutsi.”

Nta na rimwe iki kinyamakuru cyigeze cyisanisha n’abagizweho ingaruka n’ibitero bya Rusesabagina, ndetse no mu gihe cy’icibwa ry’urubanza rwe, umuntu basanze ashobora kubaha inyunganizi ni Carine Kanimba, watangaje nk’ibyo undi mwana wese yagatangaje ku mubyeyi we, maze bandika umutwe ugira uti “Ndabizi ko azahamwa n’icyaha. [nk’uko Kanimba yabyitangarije].”

Iki kinyamakuru kandi cyongeyeho ubusabe bwa Kanimba wavuze ko “Umuryango mpuzamahanga ugomba kugira icyo ukora mu gihe umubyeyi we yahamwa n’ibyaha by’iterabwoba yashinjwaga, niba koko ushyigikira uburenganzira bwa muntu.”

Iyi nkuru, kimwe n’iy’impunzi ziri muri Mozambique, igamije kuyobya uburari, kugira ngo abantu bareke guha agaciro igikorwa cy’ubutabera abaturage bagizweho ingaruka n’ibitero bya Rusesabagina bari bagiye kubona. Ni kimwe n’ihunguka ry’abaturage bari bamaze iminsi barahunze muri Cabo Delgado, ingingo BBC yasanze idafite agaciro mu gihe bari kuba bageze ku ntego yabo, yo gusebya Perezida Kagame.


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