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Abarenga ibihumbi 22 bayihashyemo ubumenyi:Intambwe y’Intara y’Amajyaruguru mu by’amashuri makuru na kaminuza

Yanditswe na Claude Bazatsinda
Kuya 13 Nyakanga 2021 saa 11:26
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Intara y’Amajyaruguru ni imwe mu zateye intambwe ishimishije mu rwego rw’uburezi by’umwihariko mu mashuri makuru na kaminuza kuko yiyongereye ku gipimo cyo hejuru mu myaka 27 ishize ndetse n’abayizemo bakaba bakomeje gutanga umusanzu mu nzego zitandukanye z’ubuzima bw’igihugu.

Mbere y’umwaka wa 1994 ahari Intara y’Amajyaruguru y’ubu, niho hahoze ari igice kinini cya Perefegitura ya Ruhengeri, icya Byumba n’ikindi cyabarirwaga kuri Kigali Ngari mbere y’ivugurura ry’inzego z’imitegekere yatangiye muri 2006.

Muri iyi Ntara yose, hahozemo gusa Kaminuza y’Ubuhinzi n’Ubworozi ya Busogo (Isae Busogo), Ishami rya Kaminuza Nkuru y’u Rwanda rya Nyakinama ryigishaga indimi na Seminari Nkuru ya Rutongo.

Nyuma ya Jenoside ni bwo amashuri makuru na kaminuza ziganjemo iz’abikorera zatangiye kujya zishingwa byongera umubare w’abagera kuri ubu burezi muri iyi Ntara. Ntabwo zavukiye rimwe ariko hafi ya zose zashinzwe mu myaka yo kuva mu 2000 kuzamura.

Kugeza ubu mu Ntara y’Amajyaruguru habarirwa amashuri makuru na kaminuza 13 zimaze gushyira ku isoko ry’umurimo abarenga ibihumbi 22 bayarangijemo. Abenshi bari mu mirimo itandukanye bikorera cyangwa bakorera abandi.

Aya mashuri arimo Kaminuza y’Ikoranabuhanga n’Ubugeni ya Byumba UTAB yo muri Gicumbi, Kaminuza y’u Rwanda yigisha Ubuvuzi bw’amatungo, Ishami rya Busogo, CAVEM n’Ishuri Rikuru ry’Ubumenyingiro, Ines Ruhengeri.

Hari kandi Rwanda Polytechic, Ishami rya Musanze, Kaminuza ya Kigali, Ishami rya Musanze na Muhabura Integrated Polytechnic College.

Hari na none University of Grobal Health Equity (UGH), iri i Butaro muri Burera, Ishuri Rikuru ry’Abaforomo n’Ababyaza rya Ruli muri Gakenke, Seminari Nkuru ya Rutongo, Rwanda Polytechnic i Tumba na Rutongo Mining College yo muri Rulindo.

Hari n’atanga ubumenyi mu bya Gisirikare n’Igipolisi

Uretse amashuri atanga ubumenyi busanzwe Intara y’Amajyaruguru iragenda iba igicumbi mu bijyanye n’ubumenyi mu by’umutekano kuko ifite ishuri rya Gisirikare n’iry’Igipoligi kandi atangirwamo ubumenyi buri ku rwego mpuzamahanga.

Muri Nyakanga 2012, Perezida wa Repubulika akaba n’Umugaba w’Ikirenga w’Ingabo z’u Rwanda yafunguye ku mugaragaro Ishuri Rikuru rya Gisirikare [Rwanda Defence Force Command and Staff College (RDFCSC)] riherereye i Nyakinama mu Karere ka Musanze, Intara y’Amajyaruguru.

Umuyobozi Mukuru wa RDFCSC, Brig Gen Ndahiro Didas, yavuze ko ryafunguwe hagamijwe kubaka igisirikare cy’umwuga.

Ati “Mbere y’uko iri shuri ribaho, abantu bakoraga amahugurwa kuri urwo rwego bagombaga kujya hanze y’igihugu, urumva ko icya mbere birahenze, imibare y’abajyayo ni mike, ikindi ibyo bigayo biga bakurikije imiterere y’icyo gihugu. Ntabwo rero kubera izo mpamvu byari gukomeza gutyo."

Hashize kandi imyaka umunani Perezida Kagame afunguye Ishuri Rikuru rya Polisi RNPC na ryo riherereye mu Mujyi wa Musanze.

Benshi mu bapolisi bakuru b’u Rwanda, abayobora inzego zitandukanye za Polisi y’Igihugu barinyuzemo. Ni cyo kimwe n’abajya mu butumwa bwa Loni bwo kubungabunga amahoro na bo akenshi barinyuramo bagahabwa amasomo yihariye.

Usibye amasomo ajyana n’umwuga w’Igipolisi, iri shuri kandi ritanga impamyabumenyi za Kaminuza ku bufatanye na Kaminuza y’u Rwanda, ku buryo Umupolisi uryigamo usibye ubumenyi mu by’umwuga, asoza afite n’impamyabumenyi yemewe kugeza ku cyiciro cya gatatu cya Kaminuza (Masters).

Zimwe mu nyubako zigezweho zubatswe na Ines Ruhengeri

Uyu munsi bibarwa ko nibura abanyeshuri baturutse mu bihugu 22 bya Afurika bagannye iri shuri bagahabwa amasomo yo ku rwego rwo hejuru mu by’imiyoborere.

Guverineri w’Intara y’Amajyaruguru, Nyirarugero Dancille, ashimira abantu bose bagize uruhare mu gushyigikira uburezi by’umwihariko bakazirikana ko igihugu gikeneye abaminuje bityo bakagira uruhare mu guteza imbere iyi Ntara mu buryo bufatika.

Yagize ati " Mbere ya byose tugomba kubanza gushimira abantu bose bagize uruhare mu gushyigikira uburezi mu mashuri makuru na kaminuza kuko bazirikanye ko igihugu gikeneye abantu bize. Turashima kandi ubuyobozi bukuru burangajwe imbere na Nyakubahwa Perezida Paul Kagame barebye kure bakorohereza Abanyarwanda mu kubona uburezi hafi. Mbere wasangaga hari umubare munini w’abifuza kwiga ngo baminuze ariko bikabahenda cyane kuko bajyaga mu mahanga, bagata akazi bakoraga, bakajya guteza imbere ahandi ndetse abenshi barabirekaga kubera ukuntu byabahendaga."

"Aya mashuri n’abayarangijemo batanze umusanzu ukomeye mu buzima bwose bw’iyi Ntara, kuko abakozi benshi dufite bazizemo, abandi bazikoramo, mu bijyanye n’amabanki ubasangamo, mu bukerarugendo barimo, ibikorwa by’ubwubatsi, ubuvuzi, inganda hose barahari ndetse no mu buhinzi n’ubworozi bukorwa na benshi muri iyi Ntara barimo."

Yakomeje avuga ko bazakomeza gushyigikira uburezi bufite ireme kuko iri inkingi mwikorezi mu iterambere ry’umuryango mugari.

Abayashinze n’abayayobora bishimira urwego agezeho

Bamwe mu bashoye imari n’abayobozi b’amashuri makuru na kaminuza byo muri iyi Ntara, na bo bemeza badashidikanya ko muri uru rugendo hakozwe byinshi mu burezi ndetse bikayiteza imbere.

Umuyobozi wa Kaminuza y’Ikoranabuhanga n’Ubugeni ya Byumba UTAB, Dr Ndahayo Fidèle we yemeza ko nubwo hakiri urugendo mu burezi, ibyagezweho byinshi bishingiye kuri izi mpunduka n’umusanzu w’amashuri makuru na Kaminuza.

Yagize ati "Twari dufite intego yo guteza imbere ubuhinzi n’ubworozi bukorwa na benshi muri iyi Ntara, abo twigishije ni usanga babukora ndetse bagafasha n’abaturage mu buhinzi bwabo n’ubworozi bibanda ku ikoranabuhanga kuko muri iki gihe usanga iyo iyi mirimo ikozwe neza itanga umusaruro ku bayikora n’ubukungu bw’igihugu bukiyongera. Iyo ugiye mu bikorwa n’imirimo inyuranye haba mu buyobozi, mu mishinga yindi usanga umusanzu w’amashuri makuru na za kaminuza ufatika nubwo tutavuga ko byose byakemutse hakiri urugendo."

Kaminuza y’Ikoranabuhanga n'Ubugeni ya Byumba UTAB ni imwe zitanga uburezi ku bana b'u Rwanda

Padiri Dr Hagenimana Fabien, Umuyobozi Mukuru wa Ines Ruhengeri, yavuze ko hari intego zagezweho mu zo bari bihaye bashinga iri shuri.

Yagize ati" Tujya gushinga iri shuri hari intego yo gufasha igihugu cyari kivuye mu bihe bitoroshye ngo habeho uburezi bwigisha umuntu akagira ubuhanga n’ubumenyi ariko bishingiye no ku ndangagaciro za gikirisitu kugira ngo abe umuntu wuzuye ugomba kugira icyo amarira igihugu n’umuryango mugari.”

“Ntabwo byari byoroshye ariko twakomeje guharanira iterambere kugeza ubu ubona ko abo twigishije batanga umusanzu wabo ku iterambere ry’iyi ntara mu bikorwa bitandukanye, ibyo turabyishimira kuko mu byo dushyize imbere nk’Ishuri Rikuru ry’Ubumenyingiro, ni ukwigisha umuntu kudafata ubumenyi yahawe ngo bube ku rupapuro gusa ahubwo abe azi kubukoresha azanira umuryango impinduka zikenewe."

Bamwe mu bize muri aya mashuri makuru na kaminuza na bo bahamya ko ubumenyi bahakuye bwabagiriye akamaro mu iterambere ryabo n’iry’umuryango nyarwanda muri rusange.

Nshimyumurenyi Cephase, rwiyemezamirimo ufite uruganda rukora isabune n’umuti wica udukoko ukoreshwa basukura intoki, avuga ko mu ishuri ari ho yakuye ubumenyi.

Yagize ati "Mu mashuri nahakuye ubumenyi ari bwo nahereyeho nkora ubushakashatsi bungeza ku ruganda ‘Uburanga Products Ltd’. Turi mu rugendo ariko hari byinshi tumaze kugeraho nko kuba mfite umushahara unshimishije no kuba mfite abakozi nkoresha na bo bagahembwa bituma mpamya ko uruhare ry’aya mashuri ari ntagereranywa mu iterambere ry’igihugu."

Shirimpumu Jean Claude we ni umworozi w’ingurube wabigize umwuga akaba n’umuyobozi wa ‘Vision Agribusiness Farm Ltd,’ yemeza ko kwiga muri aya mashuri byamubereye urufunguzo rwo kwagura ubumenyi no gutekereza cyane ku bibazo bibangamiye umuryango Nyarwanda agahitamo kubishakira igisubizo.

Yagize ati“Nabonaga abantu benshi batazi itungo ry’ingurube barifata nk’irinyamwanda nyamara si ko biri rigira isuku ihambaye, ahubwo baryoroye neza ryabateza imbere kuko rirororoka kandi ntirisaba byinshi nk’ayandi matungo tuzi.”

Nahisemo kuzorora kinyamwuga kandi buri kwezi ngurisha ingurube zisaga 100 kandi nkagira 600 zihoraho. Niba mu mwaka ngurisha ingurube 1200 ku mafaranga ari hagati y’ibihumbi 30 na 50 murumva ko ibyo byonyine ntabaze ibindi nzikuramo, bimpa amafaranga y’u Rwanda agera kuri miliyoni 50.”

Umuyobozi wa Ines Ruhengeri Padiri Dr Hagenimana Fabien yavuze ko intego bihaye mu guteza imbere uburezi bw'u Rwanda igenda igerwaho
Ishuri Rikuru rya Polisi riherereye muri iyi Ntara ritanga ubumenyi no ku ba Polisi bo mu Karere

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